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Articles (a, an, the) - Lesson 1 - 7 Rules For Using Articles Correctly - English Grammar

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In this lesson, learn the 7 rules for using articles in English correctly. Also see - MOST COMMON MISTAKES IN ENGLISH & HOW TO AVOID THEM: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 For more FREE English lessons, SUBSCRIBE to this channel. Transcript: Hello and welcome. In this lesson, I will teach you the seven rules that you need to know for using articles in English correctly. Articles are the words ‘a’, ‘an’, and ‘the’. There is a final quiz at the end of the lesson for you to test your understanding. OK, the first rule is about where to use ‘a’ and where to use ‘an’. So rule number one is use ‘a’ before a consonant sound, and ‘an’ before a vowel sound. So in all of these words – you see that they start with a consonant sound. Cat starts with /k/, dog starts with /d/, boy with /b/, girl with /g/, house with /h/ and tree with /t/. So we say ‘a cat’, ‘a dog’, ‘a boy’, ‘a girl’, ‘a house’, ‘a tree’ etc. Notice that in natural speech, we don’t say ‘a’, we say ‘uh’ – like ‘a cat’. In this next set of words, you see that, they all start with a vowel sound – apple starts with /ae/, engineer starts with /e/, ice-cream with /ai/, old with /o/, umbrella with /uh/. So we say ‘an apple’, ‘an engineer’, ‘an ice-cream cone’, ‘an old womman’, ‘an umbrella’ and so on. In speech, we don’t say ‘an’, we say /ən/. Let’s do a small exercise. You see ten items on the screen. For each one, I want you to say if you would use ‘a’ or ‘an’ before it. Stop the video, think about it, then play the video again and check. OK here are the answers. Did you get them all right? I want to focus on items number seven to ten because these are a little tricky. Number seven is ‘a university’ because even though ‘university’ starts with the letter ‘u’ the first sound of the word is not a vowel sound. We don’t say /ooniversity/. We say /yoo-nə- vər-si-ty/ so that first sound is a /y/ sound, which a consonant sound, so we say ‘a university.’ Number eight is similar. The word ‘European’ starts with a /y/ sound, so ‘a European tour.’ In number nine, the spelling has an ‘h’ at the start but that ‘h’ is silent. We don’t say /hau-ər/, we say /au-ər/. The first sound is an /au/ sound which is a vowel sound, so this is ‘an hour’. In the same way, in number ten, we say MA. ‘M’ starts with an /e/ sound which is again a vowel sound, so ‘an MA in English’. OK let’s move on to rule number two: Use ‘a’ and ‘an’ ONLY with singular, countable nouns. We say that a noun is countable if we can count it – one, two, three, four etc. All of these words on the screen are countable. We can say one elephant, three cars, ten teachers, five hundred onions and so on. Now if you talk about one person or thing, like one elephant or one car, then that’s called a singular noun and if you say ten teachers or five hundred onions, those are called plural nouns. Uncountable nouns cannot be counted in this way. Nouns like water, sugar, milk, love, anger, knowledge are some examples. If you think about it, you cannot say “I drank four waters” or “I want eight milks”. To a person, you can say “I love you” but you can’t say “I have five loves for you” – that doesn’t make any sense. So these are all uncountable. Alright, so the rule is - you can only use ‘a’ and ‘an’ if you’re talking about one person or one thing. Let’s do another quick exercise. Here are ten items again. This time, you see ‘a’ or ‘an’ before the nouns, but some of these are wrong. They should NOT have ‘a’ or ‘an’ before them. Stop the video, identify the mistakes, then play the video again and check. OK, here are the answers. Number three is wrong because ‘shirts’ is a plural and you cannot use ‘a’ or ‘an’ before a plural noun. Number five is wrong because ‘happiness’ is uncountable, so again, ‘a’ or ‘an’ cannot be used there. The same goes for number six – water is uncountable. Number nine is wrong because ‘doctors’ is a plural – you can say ‘a doctor’ but not ‘a doctors’. And finally, in number ten, advice is an uncountable noun – so you cannot ask for ‘an advice’. Now a quick note here: the article ‘the’ can be used with all kinds of nouns – singular or plural countable nouns, and uncountable nouns. OK, so let’s now talk about how to choose between ‘a’ or ‘an’ and ‘the’. Here’s rule number three: Use ‘a’ or ‘an’ to talk about a person or thing unknown to your listener. And use ‘the’ to talk about a person or thing known to your listener. For example, “My sister has two computers: a PC and a laptop. The PC is quite old but the laptop is brand new.” I say ‘a PC’ and ‘a laptop’ because that’s the first time I’m mentioning the two computers. That is, until this point, they are unknown to you, the listener.
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Text Comments (1817)
Learn English Lab (1 year ago)
Hey there, I hope you enjoyed this lesson. Let me know if you have any questions. Also check out: ➜ 1 Simple Trick to *Become FLUENT* in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0qT4cK-wtk&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ *50* Words You are *Pronouncing WRONG:* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdtUjWb0O9w&list=PLmwr9polMHwtOrZVwGuiN8xLup5elPE6f ➜ *Most Common MISTAKES* in English & How to Avoid Them: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 ➜ *POWER Writing* - Write ANYTHING in English Easily (Essays, Emails, Letters Etc.): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dT_D68RJ5T8&list=PLmwr9polMHwtPulG3q4SrSNIZzlJl2gXf ➜ *100 English Sentences* You Can Use in Conversation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8dRuy1VLCiQ&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ Learn *TELEPHONE English* - 100 Sentences You Can Use on the Phone: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fkppeSjRj0E&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ Speak English FLUENTLY like a *NATIVE SPEAKER* with *just 10 words:* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8KU2eobDMqs&list=PLmwr9polMHwsI6vWZkm3W_VE7cWtYVjix ➜ All *GRAMMAR* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9 ➜ All *MODAL VERBS* Lessons (Could, Would, Should, May, Might, Must etc.): https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwvGTssgSU9KWEm2T4WiWaTj ➜ All *PARTS OF SPEECH* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68 ➜ All *ARTICLES* (a, an, the) lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsbkqz6kU5e6MgpvaYrpKfX ➜ All *PRONUNCIATION* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwtOrZVwGuiN8xLup5elPE6f ➜ All *TENSES* lessons: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsRNZW607CtVZhg_SzsbiJw
Naureen Feroz (15 days ago)
Can u get on articles with words like the modern or modern art. Or a famous actor or the famous actor
Do you enjoy listening to.........music ,(ans)
anjali malik (1 month ago)
Sir which one is correct-a year or an year
TheBarthL (2 months ago)
Learn English Lab why the dolphin and not a dolphin?
Lalan Mishra (2 months ago)
Thanks tomorrow is my test so thanks for helping me
Jaykumar Limbasiya (22 hours ago)
could you please share that PPT that will be very helpful for revision.
Jingu009 (1 day ago)
7 th idea
prajwal.r praju (1 day ago)
Sir I want some more examples at last to be come perfect sir . Sir plz make another vedios of examples
Avinash KR (2 days ago)
Sir we need full class of English germar class and how write eassy in English in tricks show the video
Dhatcha Mani (2 days ago)
Exercise can be counted like, I did 10 pushups like that sir???
Dhatcha Mani (2 days ago)
Sir, why advice uncountable and ideas are countable
all correct
Azzubhai 789 (5 days ago)
I only got three blanks wrong 😘😘😘😘 Credits to Ganesh sir Love from Andhra Pradesh
Pramodnk Nkp (6 days ago)
Umam Mohsin (8 days ago)
question 4 may it should be "the children"
Xaraabo (8 days ago)
hello Ganesh thank you for your valuable time to help us... would you mind asking you why movies is used to article "THE" not being fixed expression (We don’t go to the movies now as often as we used to.) i would like to ask in the comments as soon as you see my question in the comment
Nicolai Cebanov (9 days ago)
Why in the front of 'police' word on the 2 sentence you have used 'The' article? As we don't say anything specific about police, therefore it's generic in this context.
Antara Rani (9 days ago)
I have a question:- why is an advice wrong whereas an idea right? Thank you very much. Hoping for a reply :-)
Jai Shree (10 days ago)
Hi, could you clarify, in rule 3, point 2 (ii) THE trees have now grown.... how could we use 'the' article with plural?
Manjunath Royal (12 days ago)
Hi sir, Please try to upload PDF.
Thatikonda Sandeep (12 days ago)
We are grateful for teaching us English on YouTube.
weird mate (15 days ago)
Best explanation
Mahesh Chitpur (16 days ago)
Pls., share link for online English Grammar Book.
neeraj subhash suthar (16 days ago)
thanks for your wishes and support
Vishal Makhija (16 days ago)
Before watching this video, I had watched many other videos on the articles, and I was feeling uncomfortable with the use of articles. However, Your video has lowered my confusion, and I believe that now I can write in English language with a few or no article mistakes. Thanks a lot for your valuable efforts, and I do not know that how I should express gratitude towards yours help. Again thanks a lot. May God bless you.
karthik nani (17 days ago)
Sir why we use the Dolphin is a very intelligent animal. Why not "a" is used before the word dolphin.
Some One (17 days ago)
I sure can have 500 advices for you :)
Zendil Kumar (17 days ago)
rule no 2... idea is countable noun sir
kuldip pranami (17 days ago)
Sir l don't understand the example why before family articles not use and before satisfy job article use in example 7? Please give solution
Diya Diya (20 days ago)
Tq sir... it was really helpful
m anjaneyulu (20 days ago)
Sir, give me clarity about no article use in fixed expression church, school, college, University. why don't use the
Sri Krishna (22 days ago)
"I am doctor" Is it wrong "Education is important for a life" Is it wrong
jancy das (19 days ago)
Yes.. i am a doctor. Eduction is important for the life
Suhas Chavan (22 days ago)
Great sir ..thank u for your efforts
Sundas Khawar (23 days ago)
i understand only 50% i don,t know why
aayushi kulkarni (23 days ago)
Thank you sir .
i have problem with articles how can i eliminate it?
Moinak Roy (25 days ago)
Sir thank you so much ☺☺☺☺
Jitu Hussain (27 days ago)
I did the mistake in point no 4...teaching __children,..i used the..
Nageswara Rao (27 days ago)
Send me more videos about grammar
Nageswara Rao (27 days ago)
Grear sir
Sir, is it use 'an' article before intelligent as you shown in Rule number 5, I think intelligent is uncountable, so please suggest me sir
KRITIKA JAIN (28 days ago)
sir in last question she's a vegetarian.So she dosen't eat a chicken and a fish .Isnt this correct as it is single countable noun
Nabanita Swarnakar (28 days ago)
All correct. Thankyou
kathika das (28 days ago)
My bad luck that I missed this video during my boards but no matter my semester is blessed.
You are a gemstone Ganesh !!!!
Pooja Bansal (30 days ago)
Very good evening sir..i just completed the last exercise and i am bit confused about some of them. They are point 4) why no article before children. I used "the". Point 6) i used no article in both the blanks but on contrary answer was an and a. Point 7) again I used the before life but ans was no article. Please clear my doubts regarding this. Rest all the blanks i filled were correct..i loved the way teach. Its really good.
premavathi prema (30 days ago)
Very very useful video sir
Veena Sivanandam (1 month ago)
Thanks Ganesh,it was very useful.
I have marked 'a' family. Is this wrong and why. Thank you in advance.
Rashmi Rana (1 month ago)
Can we say like ...the rice that i brought from england just to specify the item rice
kudos kailash (25 days ago)
Yes, because the rice means you are restricting to a quantity which essentially becomes definite.
Partha Pal (1 month ago)
It is really very disappointed that after watching the best article learning video, some people still dislike this video!!!!! I think they are aliens 😁 But for me it is very helpful. Thanks sir for making our English more absolute and correct.
Aftab Javed (1 month ago)
Without any speck of doubt i say you are the best english teacher in world even you explain and make us understand better than briton teachers. Stay blessed i think you hail from southern india. I m your admirer from Pakistan.
Sarbjeet Kaur Babbu (1 month ago)
Can anyone plz clear my doubt... punjabi is *an* official language of punjab or punjabi is *the* official language... ?? If we go with rules.. an is correct. .. but i have read "the official " many times.... plzz clear this doubt
surya goud (1 month ago)
Thanks for the video
Ankit Kochar (1 month ago)
what about 8th point (an idea) in exercise 2, why is it not wrong ??? and if it is correct than why is 10th wrong
Sangeeta Mazumdar (1 month ago)
Explain excercise 5 A , why no article & 7 why a satisfying??
vipin Raj (1 month ago)
5A- rule no 7 No artcle fr Name
mahesh (1 month ago)
Sir before the chicken why there is no article
Daniel Spiny (1 month ago)
Rule #5: Use A or AN to mention THE category or type of A person or thing. But the lecturer at 10:26 tells us: A category or type of A person or thing? Would somebody be so kind as to explain why?
Thinakaran Rajendran (1 month ago)
Can you please upload to and for usage?
Mosiur Khan (1 month ago)
6(b) explain?
Farwa Khan (1 month ago)
why you didnt write any article before happiness?
Guna Sagar Chinnu (1 day ago)
Vegetarian also uncountable noun but why using article
Mosiur Khan (1 month ago)
because it is a uncountable noun
Farwa Khan (1 month ago)
where is the next video related to articles ?
Dinesh Chouhan (1 month ago)
Sir, we are desperately waiting for your new video. Request you please increase practice portion.
Naveen Bashir (1 month ago)
I have my exam tomorrow this helped me to understand the articles.
LEGEND IN MAKING (1 month ago)
To all the people reading my comment here, listen one thing very carefully. Please recommend your friends to subscribe this channel and learn English. This lectures might help them a lot in their future for those who are weak in English. This channel is probably the most underrated english channel on YouTube ♥
Deepti Sharma (1 month ago)
we use 'a' with nonspecific thing but in a car example, we are specifically mentioned car model then why we use 'a' instead of 'the'?
John Wick (1 month ago)
You mentioned model, there are many cars of that type. You use "the" when you mean on particular car of that model.
Zanuda Duda (1 month ago)
The best video lesson about articles in English. Well-structured information.
pavan kalyan (1 month ago)
could you please explain the 4 and 7 question
Gopal Datt (1 month ago)
Very nice
Samer Haddad (1 month ago)
A question: say we are writing an article a bout "the good x", do we have to repeat using "the" every time we mention "good x", or "the" becomes redundant, what is the rule?
Samer Haddad (1 month ago)
Thanks for your lectures, they are great. Could you provide a lesson about using "the" with "and" and "or". Need to know more about when to repeat "the" and when not to repeat it.
gopi singh (1 month ago)
God bless you sir
hom tamang (1 month ago)
What's the difference between I'm going home. And I'm going to home.
Anupama Sada (1 month ago)
Thank you for all your lessons sir. Your way of delivery was easy to receive. Please make a lesson on direct and indirect objects .
Dharanya Dhasan (1 month ago)
Wow! What a wonderful teacher you are! I am happy that i found a wonderful youtuber like you to learn ☺️☺️Thank you so much☺️
Mosiur Khan (1 month ago)
i agree im proud too for got a teacher like Ganes
Shubham Chavan (1 month ago)
If intelligent is uncountable then why we used 'an' before it?
Puneeth Kumar (1 month ago)
Sir,ur video is helps to my 2nd pu grammar... thanking you sir.....
Gvo channel (1 month ago)
Great lesson
Ofelia Reyes (1 month ago)
A family is also correct! All of my answers are correct!
Look_around (1 month ago)
You are a good teacher,respect from the deep of my heart.
prabhakar guguloth (1 month ago)
Make a vedio on difference between had and was ,were
I like your lessons very much and especially your way of explanation! Could you please explain why the word Exercise is uncountable? (13;26)
Learn English Lab Thank you very very much!
Learn English Lab (1 month ago)
There are two meanings of exercise: (a) physical activity generally; in this use, exercise is uncountable (b) particular physical activities like jumping jacks, jogging or burpees; in this use, exercise is a countable noun.
farmer boy (1 month ago)
Great teaching ...!!!
Jackson Keisham (1 month ago)
Confused the questions starting with a teacher and the dolphin.Can we use the teacher and a dolphin instead of a and the respectively.Anyone please help me
Yedukondalu Pallapati (1 month ago)
Tq sir
ARUNA ARUNA (1 month ago)
You're amazing English teacher 👌
ARUNA ARUNA (1 month ago)
Thank you sir🙋 ..one request tnpsc (grammar) video upload sir .. it's useful for many people ..
Chandrasekhar (1 month ago)
Sir, could you please explain 3 and 7th questions.....
Silent Eyes (1 month ago)
at 14:29 why not "a dolphin" instead of " the dolphin"
Anup Ez (2 months ago)
'Is it a boy or a girl?' or 'Is it a boy or girl?' which one is grammatically correct? (I'm tired of asking people this, pls help)
Anita Chandola (2 months ago)
How an comes before idea... As its uncountable
Vibha Shukla (2 months ago)
You can count how many ideas you got 1..2..3....
Shakil Ahmed (2 months ago)
U r really great
TheBarthL (2 months ago)
Why the dolphin and not a dolphin?
王崇人 (2 months ago)
Your pronunciation is really good!
Sharanyachoudary 333 (2 months ago)
Before the languages which art may i use???
Ali Khan (2 months ago)
Very well explained sir thanks thanks a lot.🙋🙋🙋🙋🙋🙋🙋🙋🙋🙋🙋🙋🙋☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺☺
Ayesha Riaz (2 months ago)
Valeria Andrade (2 months ago)
Hello! My name is Valéria and I am Brazilian. Thank you very much, this video was very useful for me.
ARUL DANIEL (2 months ago)
First question why no article for chicken?
Reet Sehjal (1 month ago)
Yes I also want to ask this question??why
peerzadah shakoor (2 months ago)
And yes,you are the only YouTuber Who gives me the stuff exactly i want
Interesting lesson..
krishna ch (2 months ago)
Hi bro, can you please upload degree of comparison vedios
Prem Kumar (2 months ago)
Dear sir, In last examples , CEO is noun right ,but why you suppose to Use 'the' as an Article.
Partha Pal (1 month ago)
Because, see the above example, there are something you missed. That's the CEO of "our" company, that means we know about the company already. According to the lesson, this is one of the rule of using articles. That tells us, if we know the object then we can use "the" before noun and also CEO is not a proper noun, rather than it is a short form of some big words. I think you can feel it.
Sebastin Leo (2 months ago)
Good one,thank you for explaining in detail.
Jahnavi Naidu (2 months ago)
Thank you so much for u r clear explanation sir.😊😊😊

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