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Black Power 50th: Affirming Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow (featuring Elaine Brown)
 
02:21:19
In celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Black Panther Party, Elaine Brown, Former Chairwoman of the Black Panther Party, speaks on Black Power.
Views: 2133 Brown University
Second Boer War | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:59:18
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Second Boer War Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa. It is also known variously as the Boer War, Anglo-Boer War, or South African War. Initial Boer attacks were successful, and although British reinforcements later reversed these, the war continued for years with Boer guerrilla warfare, until harsh British counter-measures brought them to terms. The war started with the British overconfident and under-prepared. The Boers were very well armed and struck first, besieging Ladysmith, Kimberley, and Mahikeng in early 1900, and winning important battles at Colenso, Magersfontein and Stormberg. Staggered, the British brought in large numbers of soldiers and fought back. General Redvers Buller was replaced by Lord Roberts and Lord Kitchener. They relieved the three besieged cities, and invaded the two Boer republics in late 1900. The onward marches of the British Army, well over 400,000 men, were so overwhelming that the Boers did not fight staged battles in defence of their homeland. The British quickly seized control of all of the Orange Free State and Transvaal, as the civilian leadership went into hiding or exile. In conventional terms, the war was over. The British officially annexed the two countries in 1900. Back home, Britain's Conservative government wanted to capitalize on this success and use it to maneuver an early general election, dubbed a "khaki election" to give the government another six years of power in London. British military efforts were aided by Cape Colony, the Colony of Natal and some native African allies, and further supported by volunteers from the British Empire, including Southern Africa, the Australian colonies, Canada, India and New Zealand. All other nations were neutral, but public opinion in them was largely hostile to the British. Inside the UK and its Empire there also was significant opposition to the Second Boer War. The Boers refused to surrender. They reverted to guerrilla warfare under new generals Louis Botha, Jan Smuts, Christiaan de Wet and Koos de la Rey. Two more years of surprise attacks and quick escapes followed. As guerrillas without uniforms, the Boer fighters easily blended into the farmlands, which provided hiding places, supplies, and horses. The UK's solution was to set up complex nets of block houses, strong points, and barbed wire fences, partitioning off the entire conquered territory. The civilian farmers were relocated into concentration camps, where very large proportions died of disease, especially the children, who mostly lacked immunities. Then British mounted infantry units systematically tracked down the highly mobile Boer guerrilla units. The battles at this stage were small operations with few combat casualties (most of the dead were victims of disease). The war ended in surrender and British terms with the Treaty of Vereeniging in May 1902. The British successfully won over the Boer leaders, who now gave full support to the new political system. Both former republics were incorporated into the Union of South Africa in 1910, as part of the British Empire.
Views: 151 wikipedia tts
Dominion
 
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Dominions were autonomous polities that were nominally under British sovereignty, constituting the British Empire and British Commonwealth, beginning in the later part of the 19th century. They included Canada, Australia, Pakistan, India, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and the Irish Free State. The Balfour Declaration of 1926 recognized the Dominions as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire" and, in the decades afterward, the British dominions each became independent of the United Kingdom. Those that became sovereign constitutional monarchies within the Commonwealth of Nations and maintained as their own the same royal house and royal succession from before independence became known after the year 1953 as Commonwealth realms. Earlier usage of "dominion" to refer to a particular territory dates back to the 16th century and was sometimes used to describe Wales from 1535 to around 1800. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 128 Audiopedia
Dominion | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominion 00:00:59 1 Definition 00:04:22 1.1 "His/Her Majesty's dominions" 00:05:25 2 Historical development 00:05:34 2.1 Overseas dominions 00:06:30 2.2 Responsible government: precursor to Dominion status 00:10:23 2.3 Canadian Confederation and evolution of the term iDominion/i 00:17:36 2.4 Colonial Conference of 1907 00:18:56 2.5 First World War and Treaty of Versailles 00:20:28 2.6 Irish Free State 00:21:23 2.7 Balfour Declaration of 1926 and Statute of Westminster 00:23:52 3 Dominions 00:24:00 3.1 List of Dominions 00:24:09 3.2 Australia 00:25:50 3.3 Canada 00:31:28 3.4 Ceylon 00:32:04 3.5 India, Pakistan and Bangladesh 00:33:40 3.6 Irish Free State / Ireland 00:35:13 3.7 Newfoundland 00:35:51 3.8 New Zealand 00:36:49 3.9 South Africa 00:37:33 3.10 Southern Rhodesia 00:40:10 3.11 Other Dominions 00:42:48 4 Foreign relations 00:46:59 5 From Dominions to Commonwealth realms 00:51:51 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8361357268532609 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A Dominion was the "title" given to the semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867. "Dominion status" was a constitutional term of art used to signify an independent Commonwealth realm; they included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and the Irish Free State, and then from the late 1940s also India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Balfour Declaration of 1926 recognised the Dominions as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire", and the 1931 Statute of Westminster confirmed their full legislative independence. Earlier usage of dominion to refer to a particular territory dates to the 16th century and was used to describe Wales from 1535 to 1801 and New England between 1686 and 1689.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
Scramble for Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Scramble for Africa Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Scramble for Africa was the occupation, division, and colonization of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914. It is also called the Partition of Africa and by some the Conquest of Africa. In 1870, only 10 percent of Africa was under formal European control; by 1914 it had increased to almost 90 percent of the continent, with only Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and Liberia still being independent. There were multiple motivations including the quest for national prestige, tensions between pairs of European powers, religious missionary zeal and internal African native politics. The Berlin Conference of 1884, which regulated European colonisation and trade in Africa, is usually referred to as the ultimate point of the scramble for Africa. Consequent to the political and economic rivalries among the European empires in the last quarter of the 19th century, the partitioning, or splitting up of Africa was how the Europeans avoided warring amongst themselves over Africa. The later years of the 19th century saw the transition from "informal imperialism" by military influence and economic dominance, to direct rule, bringing about colonial imperialism.
Views: 42 wikipedia tts
Dominion | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Dominion Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867. They included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and the Irish Free State, and then from the late 1940s also India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Balfour Declaration of 1926 recognised the Dominions as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire", and the 1931 Statute of Westminster confirmed their full legislative independence. Earlier usage of dominion to refer to a particular territory dates to the 16th century and was used to describe Wales from 1535 to 1801 and New England between 1686 and 1689.
Views: 1 wikipedia tts
University of California, Berkeley | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:32:43
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: University of California, Berkeley 00:02:55 1 History 00:08:39 1.1 Name 00:09:27 1.2 Controversies 00:11:29 2 Academics 00:13:21 2.1 Undergraduate programs 00:15:23 2.2 Graduate and professional programs 00:17:02 2.3 Faculty and research 00:18:08 2.4 Library system 00:19:52 2.5 Rankings and reputation 00:20:38 2.5.1 Global 00:21:48 2.5.2 National 00:23:03 3 Discoveries and innovation 00:23:19 3.1 Natural sciences 00:26:11 3.2 Computer and applied sciences 00:28:14 3.3 Companies and entrepreneurship 00:30:19 4 Campus 00:32:59 4.1 Architecture 00:35:16 4.2 Natural features 00:36:41 4.3 Environmental record 00:37:43 5 Organization and administration 00:39:47 5.1 Funding 00:43:45 5.1.1 Financial aid and scholarship programs 00:44:16 6 Admissions and enrollment 00:45:46 7 Student life and traditions 00:49:26 7.1 Student housing 00:49:53 7.1.1 University housing 00:52:13 7.1.2 Cooperative housing 00:54:06 7.1.3 Fraternities and sororities 00:54:26 7.2 Student-run organizations 00:54:36 7.2.1 Student government 00:56:03 7.2.2 Communications media 00:57:35 7.2.3 Student groups 01:03:54 7.3 Athletics 01:07:16 7.3.1 California – Stanford rivalry 01:08:12 7.3.2 National championships 01:08:39 8 Notable alumni, faculty, and staff 01:09:14 8.1 Faculty 01:10:45 8.2 Alumni 01:29:47 9 See also 01:30:11 10 Notes and references 01:30:21 11 Further reading and viewing 01:32:09 12 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a top-ranked public research university in the United States. Located in the city of Berkeley, it was founded in 1868, and serves as the flagship institution of the ten research universities affiliated with the University of California system. Berkeley has since grown to instruct over 40,000 students in approximately 350 undergraduate and graduate degree programs covering numerous disciplines.Berkeley is one of the 14 founding members of the Association of American Universities, with $789 million in R&D expenditures in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2015. Today, Berkeley maintains close relationships with three United States Department of Energy National Laboratories—Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory—and is home to many institutes, including the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute and the Space Sciences Laboratory. Through its partner institution University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), Berkeley also offers a joint medical program at the UCSF Medical Center.As of October 2018, Berkeley alumni, faculty members and researchers include 107 Nobel laureates, 25 Turing Awards winners, and 14 Fields Medalists. They have also won 9 Wolf Prizes, 45 MacArthur Fellowships, 20 Academy Awards, 14 Pulitzer Prizes and 207 Olympic medals (117 gold, 51 silver and 39 bronze). In 1930, Ernest Lawrence invented the cyclotron at Berkeley, based on which UC Berkeley researchers along with Berkeley Lab have discovered or co-discovered 16 chemical elements of the periodic table – more than any other university in the world. During the 1940s, Berkeley physicist J. R. Oppenheimer, the "Father of the Atomic Bomb", led the Manhattan project to create the first atomic bomb. In the 1960s, Berkeley was particularly noted for the Free Speech Movement as well as the Anti-Vietnam War Movement led by its students. In the 21st century, Berkeley has become one of the leading universities in producing entrepreneurs and its alumni have founded a large number of companies worldwide.Berkeley is often ranked as a top-ten university in the world and as the top public university in the United States. For 2017–18, the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) ranked Berkeley 5th in the world. Berkeley also ranks 6th internationally in the CWUR World University Rankings. It is additionally ranked 4th in the world by U.S. News & World Report. Berkeley is ra ...
Views: 124 wikipedia tts
Dominion | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Dominion Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867. They included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and the Irish Free State, and then from the late 1940s also India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Balfour Declaration of 1926 recognised the Dominions as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire", and the 1931 Statute of Westminster confirmed their full legislative independence. Earlier usage of dominion to refer to a particular territory dates to the 16th century and was used to describe Wales from 1535 to 1801 and New England between 1686 and 1689.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Slavery | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:44:34
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery 00:01:40 1 Terminology 00:02:51 2 Types 00:03:00 2.1 Chattel slavery 00:03:41 2.2 Bonded labour 00:04:16 2.3 Forced labour 00:06:08 2.4 Forced marriage 00:06:49 2.5 Dependents 00:07:11 3 Characteristics 00:07:20 3.1 Economics 00:12:45 3.2 Identification 00:14:15 4 Early history 00:15:40 5 Classical antiquity 00:15:49 5.1 Africa 00:15:57 5.2 Asia 00:16:06 5.3 Europe 00:16:14 5.3.1 Ancient Greece 00:18:28 6 Middle Ages 00:18:37 6.1 Africa 00:19:16 6.2 Arab slave trade 00:19:53 6.3 Americas 00:20:02 6.3.1 Mexico 00:20:23 6.4 Asia 00:20:31 6.4.1 China 00:21:07 6.4.2 Korea 00:22:27 6.5 Europe 00:23:58 6.5.1 England 00:24:51 6.5.2 Ottoman Empire 00:25:56 6.5.3 Poland 00:26:14 6.5.4 Portugal 00:27:10 6.5.5 Russia 00:27:59 6.5.6 Scandinavia 00:28:12 6.5.7 Spain 00:29:05 7 Modern history 00:29:14 7.1 Africa 00:38:35 7.2 Americas 00:41:17 7.2.1 Barbados 00:43:33 7.2.2 Brazil 00:46:05 7.2.3 Cuba 00:50:16 7.2.4 Haiti 00:53:50 7.2.5 Jamaica 00:54:38 7.2.6 Mexico 00:55:18 7.2.7 Puerto Rico 00:59:23 7.2.8 Suriname 01:01:56 7.2.9 United States 01:07:30 7.3 Asia 01:07:44 7.3.1 China 01:10:14 7.3.2 India 01:13:24 7.3.3 Indochina 01:14:09 7.3.4 Japan 01:16:59 7.3.5 Korea 01:18:44 7.4 Nazi Germany 01:19:17 7.5 Ottoman Empire and Black Sea 01:21:10 8 Contemporary slavery 01:23:19 8.1 Distribution 01:25:04 8.2 Economics 01:25:34 8.3 Trafficking 01:27:19 9 Abolitionism 01:34:59 10 Apologies 01:39:27 10.1 Reparations 01:40:28 11 Other uses of the term 01:40:46 11.1 Examples 01:41:53 11.1.1 Wage slavery 01:42:24 12 In films Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property. A slave is unable to withdraw unilaterally from such an arrangement and works without remuneration. Many scholars now use the term chattel slavery to refer to this specific sense of legalised, de jure slavery. In a broader sense, however, the word slavery may also refer to any situation in which an individual is de facto forced to work against their own will. Scholars also use the more generic terms such as unfree labour or forced labour to refer to such situations. However, and especially under slavery in broader senses of the word, slaves may have some rights and protections according to laws or customs. Slavery began to exist before written history, in many cultures. A person could become enslaved from the time of their birth, capture, or purchase. Historically, slavery has been legalized institutionally in most societies at some point, but is now outlawed in all recognized countries. The last country to officially abolish slavery was Mauritania in 2007. Nevertheless, there are an estimated 40.3 million people worldwide subject to some form of modern slavery. The most common form of modern slave trade is commonly referred to as human trafficking. In other areas, slavery (or unfree labour) continues through practices such as debt bondage, the most widespread form of slavery today, serfdom, domestic servants kept in captivity, certain adoptions in which children are forced to work as slaves, child soldiers, and forced marriage.
Views: 55 wikipedia tts
Dominion | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Dominion 00:00:50 1 Definition 00:04:09 1.1 "His/Her Majesty's dominions" 00:05:12 2 Historical development 00:05:21 2.1 Overseas dominions 00:06:16 2.2 Responsible government: precursor to Dominion status 00:10:04 2.3 Canadian Confederation and evolution of the term iDominion/i 00:17:09 2.4 Colonial Conference of 1907 00:18:27 2.5 First World War and Treaty of Versailles 00:19:56 2.6 Irish Free State 00:20:50 2.7 Balfour Declaration of 1926 and Statute of Westminster 00:23:16 3 Dominions 00:23:25 3.1 List of Dominions 00:23:34 3.2 Australia 00:25:14 3.3 Canada 00:30:41 3.4 Ceylon 00:31:18 3.5 India, Pakistan and Bangladesh 00:32:52 3.6 Irish Free State / Ireland 00:34:24 3.7 Newfoundland 00:35:02 3.8 New Zealand 00:35:59 3.9 South Africa 00:36:43 3.10 Southern Rhodesia 00:39:17 3.11 Other Dominions 00:41:52 4 Foreign relations 00:45:58 5 From Dominions to Commonwealth realms 00:50:46 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867. They included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and the Irish Free State, and then from the late 1940s also India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Balfour Declaration of 1926 recognised the Dominions as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire", and the 1931 Statute of Westminster confirmed their full legislative independence. Earlier usage of dominion to refer to a particular territory dates to the 16th century and was used to describe Wales from 1535 to 1801 and New England between 1686 and 1689.
Views: 6 wikipedia tts
Kingdom of Greece | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:21:22
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Kingdom of Greece Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος [vaˈsiliɔn ˈtis ɛˈlaðɔs]) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, Kingdom of France and the Russian Empire). It was internationally recognised by the Treaty of Constantinople, where it also secured full independence from the Ottoman Empire. This event also marked the birth of the first fully independent Greek state since the fall of the Byzantine Empire to the Ottomans in the mid-15th century. The Kingdom succeeded from the Greek provisional governments after the Greek War of Independence, and lasted until 1924. In 1924 the monarchy was abolished, and the Second Hellenic Republic was established, after Greece's defeat by Turkey in the Asia Minor Campaign. It lasted until 1935, when it was overthrown by a military coup d'état which restored the monarchy. The restored Kingdom of Greece lasted from 1935 to 1973. The Kingdom was again dissolved in the aftermath of the seven-year military dictatorship (1967–1974), and the Third Republic, the current Greek state, came to be, after a popular referendum.
Views: 63 wikipedia tts
Dominion | Wikipedia audio article
 
52:17
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Dominion Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867. They included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and the Irish Free State, and then from the late 1940s also India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Balfour Declaration of 1926 recognised the Dominions as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire", and the 1931 Statute of Westminster confirmed their full legislative independence. Earlier usage of dominion to refer to a particular territory dates to the 16th century and was used to describe Wales from 1535 to 1801 and New England between 1686 and 1689.
Views: 3 wikipedia tts
Dominion | Wikipedia audio article
 
50:29
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Dominion Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867. They included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and the Irish Free State, and then from the late 1940s also India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Balfour Declaration of 1926 recognised the Dominions as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire", and the 1931 Statute of Westminster confirmed their full legislative independence. Earlier usage of dominion to refer to a particular territory dates to the 16th century and was used to describe Wales from 1535 to 1801 and New England between 1686 and 1689.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Slave labour | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:01:01
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery 00:01:58 1 Terminology 00:03:20 2 Types 00:03:28 2.1 Chattel slavery 00:04:15 2.2 Bonded labour 00:04:55 2.3 Forced labour 00:07:04 2.4 Forced marriage 00:07:51 2.5 Dependents 00:08:15 3 Characteristics 00:08:25 3.1 Economics 00:14:44 3.2 Identification 00:16:29 4 Early history 00:18:06 5 Classical antiquity 00:18:15 5.1 Africa 00:18:23 5.2 Asia 00:18:32 5.3 Europe 00:18:40 5.3.1 Ancient Greece 00:21:16 6 Middle Ages 00:21:25 6.1 Africa 00:22:10 6.2 Arab slave trade 00:22:52 6.3 Americas 00:23:00 6.3.1 Mexico 00:23:23 6.4 Asia 00:23:32 6.4.1 China 00:24:12 6.4.2 Korea 00:25:46 6.5 Europe 00:27:30 6.5.1 England 00:28:31 6.5.2 Ottoman Empire 00:29:46 6.5.3 Poland 00:30:06 6.5.4 Portugal 00:31:09 6.5.5 Russia 00:32:05 6.5.6 Scandinavia 00:32:19 6.5.7 Spain 00:33:20 7 Modern history 00:33:29 7.1 Africa 00:44:26 7.2 Americas 00:47:34 7.2.1 Barbados 00:50:11 7.2.2 Brazil 00:53:08 7.2.3 Cuba 00:58:03 7.2.4 Haiti 01:02:13 7.2.5 Jamaica 01:03:08 7.2.6 Mexico 01:03:52 7.2.7 Puerto Rico 01:08:39 7.2.8 Suriname 01:11:38 7.2.9 United States 01:18:09 7.3 Asia 01:18:24 7.3.1 China 01:21:18 7.3.2 India 01:24:57 7.3.3 Indochina 01:25:48 7.3.4 Japan 01:29:05 7.3.5 Korea 01:31:08 7.4 Nazi Germany 01:31:45 7.5 Ottoman Empire and Black Sea 01:33:56 8 Contemporary slavery 01:36:26 8.1 Distribution 01:38:26 8.2 Economics 01:39:00 8.3 Trafficking 01:41:01 9 Abolitionism 01:49:57 10 Apologies 01:55:10 10.1 Reparations 01:56:21 11 Other uses of the term 01:56:40 11.1 Examples 01:57:56 11.1.1 Wage slavery 01:58:32 12 In films Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8756681845771577 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-E "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property. A slave is unable to withdraw unilaterally from such an arrangement and works without remuneration. Many scholars now use the term chattel slavery to refer to this specific sense of legalised, de jure slavery. In a broader sense, however, the word slavery may also refer to any situation in which an individual is de facto forced to work against their own will. Scholars also use the more generic terms such as unfree labour or forced labour to refer to such situations. However, and especially under slavery in broader senses of the word, slaves may have some rights and protections according to laws or customs. Slavery began to exist before written history, in many cultures. A person could become enslaved from the time of their birth, capture, or purchase. Historically, slavery has been legalized institutionally in most societies at some point, but is now outlawed in all recognized countries. The last country to officially abolish slavery was Mauritania in 2007. Nevertheless, there are an estimated 40.3 million people worldwide subject to some form of modern slavery. The most common form of modern slave trade is commonly referred to as human trafficking. In other areas, slavery (or unfree labour) continues through practices such as debt bondage, the most widespread form of slavery today, serfdom, domestic servants kept in captivity, certain adoptions in which children are forced to work as slaves, child soldiers, and forced marriage.
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Dominion | Wikipedia audio article
 
51:12
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Dominion 00:00:50 1 Definition 00:04:08 1.1 "His/Her Majesty's dominions" 00:05:11 2 Historical development 00:05:20 2.1 Overseas dominions 00:06:15 2.2 Responsible government: precursor to Dominion status 00:10:03 2.3 Canadian Confederation and evolution of the term iDominion/i 00:17:08 2.4 Colonial Conference of 1907 00:18:26 2.5 First World War and Treaty of Versailles 00:19:54 2.6 Irish Free State 00:20:48 2.7 Balfour Declaration of 1926 and Statute of Westminster 00:23:14 3 Dominions 00:23:23 3.1 List of Dominions 00:23:32 3.2 Australia 00:25:12 3.3 Canada 00:30:38 3.4 Ceylon 00:31:14 3.5 India, Pakistan and Bangladesh 00:32:49 3.6 Irish Free State / Ireland 00:34:21 3.7 Newfoundland 00:34:58 3.8 New Zealand 00:35:56 3.9 South Africa 00:36:39 3.10 Southern Rhodesia 00:39:13 3.11 Other Dominions 00:41:48 4 Foreign relations 00:45:53 5 From Dominions to Commonwealth realms 00:50:42 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867. They included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and the Irish Free State, and then from the late 1940s also India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Balfour Declaration of 1926 recognised the Dominions as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire", and the 1931 Statute of Westminster confirmed their full legislative independence. Earlier usage of dominion to refer to a particular territory dates to the 16th century and was used to describe Wales from 1535 to 1801 and New England between 1686 and 1689.
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Slavery | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:44:35
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Slavery 00:01:40 1 Terminology 00:02:51 2 Types 00:03:00 2.1 Chattel slavery 00:03:41 2.2 Bonded labour 00:04:16 2.3 Forced labour 00:06:08 2.4 Forced marriage 00:06:49 2.5 Dependents 00:07:11 3 Characteristics 00:07:20 3.1 Economics 00:12:45 3.2 Identification 00:14:16 4 Early history 00:15:41 5 Classical antiquity 00:15:50 5.1 Africa 00:15:58 5.2 Asia 00:16:07 5.3 Europe 00:16:15 5.3.1 Ancient Greece 00:18:29 6 Middle Ages 00:18:38 6.1 Africa 00:19:17 6.2 Arab slave trade 00:19:54 6.3 Americas 00:20:03 6.3.1 Mexico 00:20:24 6.4 Asia 00:20:32 6.4.1 China 00:21:08 6.4.2 Korea 00:22:28 6.5 Europe 00:23:59 6.5.1 England 00:24:52 6.5.2 Ottoman Empire 00:25:57 6.5.3 Poland 00:26:15 6.5.4 Portugal 00:27:11 6.5.5 Russia 00:28:00 6.5.6 Scandinavia 00:28:13 6.5.7 Spain 00:29:06 7 Modern history 00:29:15 7.1 Africa 00:38:36 7.2 Americas 00:41:18 7.2.1 Barbados 00:43:34 7.2.2 Brazil 00:46:06 7.2.3 Cuba 00:50:17 7.2.4 Haiti 00:53:51 7.2.5 Jamaica 00:54:39 7.2.6 Mexico 00:55:19 7.2.7 Puerto Rico 00:59:24 7.2.8 Suriname 01:01:57 7.2.9 United States 01:07:31 7.3 Asia 01:07:45 7.3.1 China 01:10:15 7.3.2 India 01:13:25 7.3.3 Indochina 01:14:10 7.3.4 Japan 01:17:00 7.3.5 Korea 01:18:45 7.4 Nazi Germany 01:19:18 7.5 Ottoman Empire and Black Sea 01:21:11 8 Contemporary slavery 01:23:20 8.1 Distribution 01:25:05 8.2 Economics 01:25:35 8.3 Trafficking 01:27:20 9 Abolitionism 01:35:00 10 Apologies 01:39:28 10.1 Reparations 01:40:29 11 Other uses of the term 01:40:47 11.1 Examples 01:41:54 11.1.1 Wage slavery 01:42:25 12 In films Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property. A slave is unable to withdraw unilaterally from such an arrangement and works without remuneration. Many scholars now use the term chattel slavery to refer to this specific sense of legalised, de jure slavery. In a broader sense, however, the word slavery may also refer to any situation in which an individual is de facto forced to work against their own will. Scholars also use the more generic terms such as unfree labour or forced labour to refer to such situations. However, and especially under slavery in broader senses of the word, slaves may have some rights and protections according to laws or customs. Slavery began to exist before written history, in many cultures. A person could become enslaved from the time of their birth, capture, or purchase. Historically, slavery has been legalized institutionally in most societies at some point, but is now outlawed in all recognized countries. The last country to officially abolish slavery was Mauritania in 2007. Nevertheless, there are an estimated 40.3 million people worldwide subject to some form of modern slavery. The most common form of modern slave trade is commonly referred to as human trafficking. In other areas, slavery (or unfree labour) continues through practices such as debt bondage, the most widespread form of slavery today, serfdom, domestic servants kept in captivity, certain adoptions in which children are forced to work as slaves, child soldiers, and forced marriage.
Views: 42 wikipedia tts
History of the United States | Wikipedia audio article | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:15:13
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of the United States | Wikipedia audio article Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of the United States began with the settlement of Indigenous people before 15,000 BC. Numerous cultures formed. The arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492 started the European colonization of the Americas. Most colonies formed after 1600. By the 1770s, thirteen British colonies contained 2.5 million people along the Atlantic coast east of the Appalachian Mountains. After defeating France, the British government imposed a series of new taxes after 1765, rejecting the colonists' argument that new taxes needed their approval (see Stamp Act 1765). Tax resistance, especially the Boston Tea Party (1773), led to punitive laws by Parliament designed to end self-government in Massachusetts. Armed conflict began in 1775. In 1776, the Second Continental Congress declared the independence of the colonies as the United States of America. Led by General George Washington, it won the Revolutionary War with large support from France. The peace treaty of 1783 gave the new nation the land east of the Mississippi River (except Canada and Florida). The Articles of Confederation established a central government, but it was ineffectual at providing stability, as it could not collect taxes and had no executive officer. A convention in 1787 wrote a new Constitution that was adopted in 1789. In 1791, a Bill of Rights was added to guarantee inalienable rights. With Washington as the first president and Alexander Hamilton his chief adviser, a strong central government was created. Purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803 doubled the size of the United States. A second and final war with Britain was fought in 1812, which solidified national pride. Encouraged by the notion of manifest destiny, U.S. territory expanded all the way to the Pacific coast. While the United States was large in terms of area, its population in 1790 was only 4 million. However, it grew rapidly, reaching 7.2 million in 1810, 32 million in 1860, 76 million in 1900, 132 million in 1940, and 321 million in 2015. Economic growth in terms of overall GDP was even greater. However compared to European powers, the nation's military strength was relatively limited in peacetime before 1940. The expansion was driven by a quest for inexpensive land for yeoman farmers and slave owners. The expansion of slavery was increasingly controversial and fueled political and constitutional battles, which were resolved by compromises. Slavery was abolished in all states north of the Mason–Dixon line by 1804, but the South continued to profit off of the institution, mostly from production of cotton. Republican Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1860 on a platform of halting the expansion of slavery. Seven Southern slave states rebelled and created the foundation of the Confederacy. Its attack of Fort Sumter against the Union forces started the Civil War (1861–1865). Confederate defeat led to the impoverishment of the South and the abolition of slavery. In the Reconstruction Era (1863–1877), legal and voting rights were extended to freed slaves. The national government emerged much stronger, and because of the Fourteenth Amendment in 1868, it gained the explicit duty to protect individual rights. However, when white Democrats regained their power in the South in 1877, often by paramilitary suppression of voting, they passed Jim Crow laws to maintain white supremacy, and new disfranchising constitutions that prevented most African Americans and many poor whites from voting. This continued until gains of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s and passage of federal legislation to enforce constitutional rights were made. The United States became the world's leading industrial power at the turn of the 20th century due to an outburst of entrepreneurship in the Northeast and Midwest and the arrival of millions of immigrant workers and farmers from Europe. The national railroad network was completed and large-sc ...
Views: 41 wikipedia tts
Slavery | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:44:09
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Slavery 00:01:40 1 Terminology 00:02:50 2 Types 00:02:59 2.1 Chattel slavery 00:03:40 2.2 Bonded labour 00:04:15 2.3 Forced labour 00:06:06 2.4 Forced marriage 00:06:47 2.5 Dependents 00:07:09 3 Characteristics 00:07:19 3.1 Economics 00:12:42 3.2 Identification 00:14:14 4 Early history 00:15:38 5 Classical antiquity 00:15:47 5.1 Africa 00:15:55 5.2 Asia 00:16:03 5.3 Europe 00:16:11 5.3.1 Ancient Greece 00:18:25 6 Middle Ages 00:18:34 6.1 Africa 00:19:13 6.2 Arab slave trade 00:19:50 6.3 Americas 00:19:59 6.3.1 Mexico 00:20:20 6.4 Asia 00:20:28 6.4.1 China 00:21:03 6.4.2 Korea 00:22:24 6.5 Europe 00:23:54 6.5.1 England 00:24:48 6.5.2 Ottoman Empire 00:25:52 6.5.3 Poland 00:26:10 6.5.4 Portugal 00:27:05 6.5.5 Russia 00:27:54 6.5.6 Scandinavia 00:28:08 6.5.7 Spain 00:29:00 7 Modern history 00:29:10 7.1 Africa 00:38:28 7.2 Americas 00:41:09 7.2.1 Barbados 00:43:24 7.2.2 Brazil 00:45:56 7.2.3 Cuba 00:50:05 7.2.4 Haiti 00:53:39 7.2.5 Jamaica 00:54:26 7.2.6 Mexico 00:55:06 7.2.7 Puerto Rico 00:59:10 7.2.8 Suriname 01:01:43 7.2.9 United States 01:07:15 7.3 Asia 01:07:29 7.3.1 China 01:09:58 7.3.2 India 01:13:07 7.3.3 Indochina 01:13:52 7.3.4 Japan 01:16:41 7.3.5 Korea 01:18:27 7.4 Nazi Germany 01:18:59 7.5 Ottoman Empire and Black Sea 01:20:52 8 Contemporary slavery 01:22:59 8.1 Distribution 01:24:44 8.2 Economics 01:25:14 8.3 Trafficking 01:26:59 9 Abolitionism 01:34:37 10 Apologies 01:39:03 10.1 Reparations 01:40:04 11 Other uses of the term 01:40:21 11.1 Examples 01:41:28 11.1.1 Wage slavery 01:42:00 12 In films Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property. A slave is unable to withdraw unilaterally from such an arrangement and works without remuneration. Many scholars now use the term chattel slavery to refer to this specific sense of legalised, de jure slavery. In a broader sense, however, the word slavery may also refer to any situation in which an individual is de facto forced to work against their own will. Scholars also use the more generic terms such as unfree labour or forced labour to refer to such situations. However, and especially under slavery in broader senses of the word, slaves may have some rights and protections according to laws or customs. Slavery began to exist before written history, in many cultures. A person could become enslaved from the time of their birth, capture, or purchase. Historically, slavery has been legalized institutionally in most societies at some point, but is now outlawed in all recognized countries. The last country to officially abolish slavery was Mauritania in 2007. Nevertheless, there are an estimated 40.3 million people worldwide subject to some form of modern slavery. The most common form of modern slave trade is commonly referred to as human trafficking. In other areas, slavery (or unfree labour) continues through practices such as debt bondage, the most widespread form of slavery today, serfdom, domestic servants kept in captivity, certain adoptions in which children are forced to work as slaves, child soldiers, and forced marriage.
Views: 71 wikipedia tts