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Pneumonia - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
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What is pneumonia? Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be caused by a variety of different pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and mycobacteria. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Views: 389815 Osmosis
AIDS Infections and Malignancies | NCLEX Review 2019
 
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*Subscribe for more great NCLEX videos: https://www.goo.gl/8mBXbY Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is an acquired infection that causes severe immune dysfunction. HIV infection causes the person to be unusually susceptible to other life-threatening infections and malignancies. HIV is caused by a retrovirus that in its most serious form, results in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Click here: https://www.mometrix.com/academy/nclex-exam/drug-suffixes/ ► Visit: http://www.mometrix.com/academy ► Subscribe to more free test preparation videos: http://bit.ly/1dJH1yb ► Follow Mometrix Academy on Pinterest: http://bit.ly/1hZE2Jj ► Learn more About Us: http://bit.ly/1ewIADC
Views: 4988 NCLEX Study Guide
Don Ganem (Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research) Part 1: Kaposis Sarcoma: The Disease
 
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https://www.ibiology.org/microbiology/virus-infection-biology-kaposis-sarcoma/ In 1872, Moritz Kaposi first described a disease that included pigmented skin tumors and in some cases tumors of the viscera. While KS has been endemic in some areas of the world for many years, a highly aggressive and deadly form of the disease emerged concurrently with the HIV/AIDS epidemic. KS is a very unusual cancer including multiple cell types, including cells of a spindle morphology, in a single tumor. In this section of the talk, the atypical biology of this cancer it will be discussed. Epidemiological studies suggested that HIV was not the causative agent of KS. In the mid-1990s, a new human herpes virus, Kaposis sarcoma associated herpes virus (KSHV), was identified as the likely cause of KS. Development of a serological test for the presence of KSHV in patients showed that KS seroprevalence strikingly mirrored KS risk and, additionally, KS was never found in KSHV negative patients. This data strongly supported KSHV as the causative agent of KS. However, epidemiology also showed that additional cofactors are required for disease development and in the case of patients with AIDS, HIV is this cofactor. In this section of the lecture, we will look at which viral genes are expressed in KS and how they cause disease. KSHV has both a latent and lytic cycle. In the latency cycle, very few genes are expressed and no new virus is produced allowing the host cell to survive. In the lytic cycle, all open reading frames are expressed, new virus produced and the host cell killed. Greater than 95% of KSHV infected cells contain virus is in the latency cycle. A single KSHV gene, vFLIP, expressed during the latency cycle is sufficient to cause a change of cell morphology to a spindle shape. Additionally, vFLIP and a second gene kaposin B promote the expression of cytokines and the inflammatory phenotype seen in KS lesions. How this increase in the inflammatory response benefits KSHV is yet to be determined. Can the latency cycle alone account for tumorigenesis? Experiments showing that infection of latent cells is quite unstable together with the fact that latent infection with KSHV does not immortalize cells suggested that it does not. An epidemiological study in which patients were given a drug that is specific for virus in the lytic cycle (ganciclovir) resulted in a significant decrease in new KS tumors suggesting that the lytic cycle is also key to disease development. How this might happen and what this means for further understanding and treatment of KS is discussed. Don Ganem left the University of California, San Francisco in 2011 to join the Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research in Emeryville, CA.
Views: 10854 iBiology
23. AIDS (II)
 
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Epidemics in Western Society Since 1600 (HIST 234) Dr. Margaret Craven discusses HIV/AIDS from the perspective of a front-line clinician. AIDS is unprecedented in both the speed with which it spread across the globe and in the mobilization of efforts to control it. It is a disease of modernity. Along with the relative ease and velocity of modern transportation methods, other background conditions include Western medicine, with hypodermic needles and bloodbanking, intravenous drug use, and the development and concentration of gay culture. In the U.S., early public health attempts at understanding and combating the virus were hindered by right-wing domestic political and religious forces. Successful containment of epidemics cannot be achieved under the spell of hypocrisy and politicization; rather, medicine and education must be evidence-based and practical. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Dr. Margaret Craven Discusses AIDS 07:42 - Chapter 2. Beginnings of the Epidemic: Globalization 12:53 - Chapter 3. Modern Invasive Medical Technology 14:54 - Chapter 4. Homosexuality 20:36 - Chapter 5. Uncovering the Medical Basis 28:51 - Chapter 6. Treatment 33:26 - Chapter 7. Public Health Challenges 44:10 - Chapter 8. Future Directions Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
Views: 14159 YaleCourses
Fungal Infections and Antifungal Treatments Ringworm Candida Aspergillus Histoplasmosis
 
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SKIP AHEAD: 0:32 – Intro to Fungi 2:17 – Systemic vs. Opportunistic Mycoses 4:52 – Coccidioidomycosis 5:41 – Histoplasmosis 6:23 – Blastomycosis 6:54 – Geographic Map of Systemic Fungi 7:26 – Cryptococcus 8:17 - Aspergillus 9:30 – PCP and Pneumocystis 10:06 - Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis & Rhizopus) 11:06 – Tineae (Athletes Foot, Ring worm, Tinea Versicolor …) 12:50 – Candida 14:07 – Sporothrix 14:29 – Azoles (Diflucan, Flucanazole, ketoconazole…) 15:20 – Amphotericin B & Nystatin 15:58 - Capsofungin & Micanofungin For the text and pictures in this video please go to my website http://www.stomponstep1.com/fungal-infections-antifungal-treatments-ringworm-candida-aspergillus-histoplasmosis/ Pictures Used: “Coccidioidomycosis_Spherule” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coccidioidomycosis_Spherule.jpg via Public Domain ” Histoplasmosis Capsulatum” by CDC available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histoplasmosis#/media/File:Histoplasmosis_capsulatum.jpg via Public Domain “Blastomyces dermatitidis” by CDC available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blastomycosis#/media/File:Blastomyces_dermatitidis_GMS.jpeg via Public Domain Derivative of “Blastomycosis cropped” by Joel Mills available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blastomycosis_cropped.JPG via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Cryptococcus neoformans using a light India ink staining” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cryptococcus_neoformans_using_a_light_India_ink_staining_preparation_PHIL_3771_lores.jpg via Public Domain Derivative of “Cryptoccocus Gram Film” by Graham Beards available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cryptococcus_Gram_film.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution Share Alike Derivative of “Aspergilloma complicating tuberculosis 2” by Yale Rosen available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aspergilloma_complicating_tuberculosis_2.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Aspergillosis, angioinvasive, intravascular” by Yale Rosen available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/pulmonary_pathology/5390967599 via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis/mucormycosis” by Yale Rosen available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/pulmonary_pathology/5390897069 via Creative Commons 2.0 Atribution Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis, Mucormycosis 1” by Yale Rosen available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zygomycosis,_mucormycosis_1.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis” by Nephron available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zygomycosis.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Ringworm on the arm, or tinea corporis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ringworm_on_the_arm,_or_tinea_corporis_due_to_Trichophyton_mentagrophytes_PHIL_2938_lores.jpg via Public Domain “Teigne - Tinea capitis” by Grook Da Oger available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Teigne_-_Tinea_capitis.jpg via Creative Commons 4.0 International Attribution Share Alike License “Onychomycosis due to Trychophyton rubrum, right and left great toe” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Onychomycosis_due_to_Trychophyton_rubrum,_right_and_left_great_toe_PHIL_579_lores.jpg via Public Domain “Tinea versicolor1” by Sarahrosenau available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tinea_versicolor1.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Candida albicans” by Y Tambe available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Candida_albicans.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Unported Attribution-Share Alike License “Human tongue infected with oral candidiasis” by James Heilman available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Human_tongue_infected_with_oral_candidiasis.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Unported Attribution-Share Alike
Views: 14529 Stomp On Step 1
Ambassador Eric Goosby on 30 Years of AIDS
 
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Dr. Eric Goosby, U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, gives his perspective on 30 years of HIV/AIDS in the U.S. For more like this visit the AIDS.gov blog at http://1.usa.gov/1otEtwk.
Views: 838 HIV gov
How to Recognize Symptoms of Cryptosporidiosis|crypto virus symptoms
 
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How to Recognize Symptoms of Cryptosporidiosis|crypto virus symptoms 1.how to increase pennis size naturally enlarge your peni naturally for free part 3:https://youtu.be/eXNUUcdIh-c 2.how to increase pennis size naturally enlarge your peni naturally for free part 2:https://youtu.be/V8MHlZBhFzA 3.how to increase pennis size naturally enlarge your peni naturally for free part 1:https://youtu.be/eIynpQCWyvY 4.How Biochemical Penis Enlargement Works to Increase Penis Size| Exercise to Increase Penis Size:https://youtu.be/9AnU423HnCE 5.How to Increase Penis Size Using Herbs|male enhancement products:https://youtu.be/5eekDngGzOs Disclaimer: This Video Only For Educational Purpose Please Consult To Your Doctor Cryptosporidiosis or "Crypto" is caused by microscopic parasites. It is a diarrheal disease most commonly transmitted by water infested with the parasite. Among humans in the United States, Cryptosporidium is one of the most frequent causes of waterborne disease. The following article will help you to recognize the symptoms of Crypto. 1 Know if you are at higher risk. For some people Crypto can be a serious, even fatal infection. The following is a list of those who may be at higher risk: Those with inherited diseases that affect the immune system People with AIDS/HIV Cancer patients Organ transplant patients Anyone who is taking immunosuppressive drugs Infants and young children subscribe to more videos WATCH MORE USEFUL VIDEOS : 11.journal of alternative and complementary medicine |alternative medicine grants https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hejj7SFztFU ……………………………………………………………………………………… 12.health information hotline |health information administrator https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eIlXgKu4w4Y ……………………………………………………………………………………… 13.fighting roosters|cockfighting.2017 in india ariyur https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wSVeFUwmrlE ………………………………………………………………………………… 14.How to Make a Liver Cleanse|liver cleansing diet recipes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QlTJqWccUwc …………………………………………………………………………………. 15.How to Read an MRI|healthy spine mri https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJJEDmKJ1Sg ………………………*********…………………………………………… 16.How to Remove Dead Skin Using Sugar|homemade exfoliator face https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=27sEfOut1Rk ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 17.How to Handle Problems|what is problem and solution https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pjVUGASPPy0 ……………………………………………………………………………….. 18.How to Establish an Effective Skincare Routine|Wear sunscreen everyday https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ne0cLEqGbvA ……………………………………………………………………………………. 19.how to relax your back |calm down and relax https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZeFRe4F_5Zw …………………………………………………………………………………. 20.health diet weight loss nutrition|extreme weight loss meal plan https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qbChAG3H99s ………………………………**********………………………………………… WATCH MORE USEFUL VIDEOS : 21.TOP 5 health tips in 2017 in XHOSA |tips zempilo IN XHOSA SOUTH AFRICA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MEk9U6uWK_o ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 23.working out WITHOUT a gym| best way to WORKOUT AT HOME https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kblrj0-jr4w …………………………………………………………………………………………… 24.How to Be in Your Happy Place https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1xf0lqfQMhs ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 25.How to Survive Cancer|Desirable Hospital Treatment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ZRUCVN9KCM ……………………………******………………………………………………… 26.how to lose belly fat fast using home remedies| lose stomach fats at home https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sO2jCI_hfao ……………………………………………………………………………………… 27.How to Avoid Type 2 Diabetes|diabetes treatment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D5EuIukFkN4 ………………………………………………………………………… 28.How to Live With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zBjntMF42MY ……………………………………………………………………………….. 29.How to Prevent Stroke|stroke symptoms https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ONJAFwgMCpA ………………………………………………………………………………….. 30.A wellness plan is a plan of action geared towards achieving personal wellness. Personal wellness https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wT5sI9Qx0Ww FOLLOW ME SOCIAL PROFILES: YouTube: https://goo.gl/yEbKyd Google+: https://goo.gl/T1fvmo FaceBook: https://goo.gl/nXwenV Twitter: https://goo.gl/yMmnDl Pintrest: https://goo.gl/KHEQjl Linkedin: https://goo.gl/262zkC
Views: 93 health gym
St. Joe Co. Clerk returns to work as her fungal meningitis battle continues
 
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St. Joe Co. Clerk returns to work as her fungal meningitis battle continues Originally printed at http://www.abc57.com/news/health/St-Jo-Co-Clerk-returns-to-work-as-her-fungal-Meningitis-battle-continues-188135381.html By Judi Lykowski [email protected] January 23, 2013 SOUTH BEND, Ind. -- A high profile local victim of the nationwide meningitis outbreak is trying to get her life back on track after being hospitalized on October 15th of last year. Terri Rethlake, the Saint Joseph County Clerk said she contracted fungal meningitis after she got the steroids injected into her back to relieve her chronic back pain at the South Bend Clinic. Terri said a few days after her injection she started to develop odd side effects and soon after was notified by the South Bend Clinic that the vile she was injected with came from one of the lot numbers that contained the contaminated medicine. Thousands of people got the same contaminated shot across the country. The CDC currently reports that 678 people have developed fungal meningitis as a result and 44 people have died. The case count for Indiana tonight stands at 73. 9 people in the Hoosier state have died. 283 cases have been reported in Michigan and the infection has pr oven deadly for 12 of the victims. Terri has worked in the courthouse since 1979. She recently returned to her position as County Clerk this month on a part time basis but she is still suffering the side effects of this situation. Today as she sat at her desk she told ABC 57 News that she was suffering a pretty bad headache, light sensitivity and a nose bleed. Terri said, "Unfortunately a lot of people died and I'm grateful that I wasn't one of them." She admits while in the hospital her health got so bad she thought it might have been her time to go. In fact she told that to her colleague Rita Glenn, the St. Joseph County Deputy Clerk, when Rita came to visit her hospital room. "I had every side effect I think you can imagine," said Terri. Rita who has known Terri for decades said it was a hard pill to swallow. She considered Terri much more than a colleague. "It's never a fun way to watch somebody think that their life is passing right in front of you," said Rita. Terri's road to recovery hasn't been very pleasant either. "I hallucinated both visually and auditory and I was throwing up and from the drugs they are giving me to counteract the side effects because I had restless leg syndrome really bad. My legs at night just wouldn't stop," Terri said. Right now she is taking life day by day. "I come in, I only work part-time and Rita makes sure that I only work part-time." Rita said she's, "Glad to have her back and we'll just shut off that light when we think she's tired, so she can come back the next day just a little stronger." Going through this ordeal has given Terri a better appreciation for life. "You don't take it for granted anymore," she said. And the tight group of women who work in the the County Clerk's office said that going through this ordeal together has made the appreciation reciprocal. Terri said while fighting back her emotions, "We've become a pretty good family, this has made us a lot closer." She said she isn't quite sure how long she'll have to be on the medication to fight the fungal meningitis and she said her doctor isn't quite sure either. She suspects she'll be getting another MRI soon to reveal if the infection is still in her body or not.
Views: 102 Judi Lykowski
Granuloma
 
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Granuloma is an inflammation found in many diseases. It is a collection of immune cells known as macrophages. Granulomas form when the immune system attempts to wall off substances that it perceives as foreign but is unable to eliminate. Such substances include infectious organisms such as bacteria and fungi as well as other materials such as keratin and suture fragments. The adjective granulomatous means characterized by granulomas. This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Public domain image source in video
Views: 27974 encyclopediacc

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