Everyone is aware of off-shore oil rigs; these platforms drill down underwater for valuable resources just off the coast of many nations. But, deep in the ocean beyond national aquatic boundaries lies an abundance of natural resources such as gold, copper, manganese and zinc. State-sponsored companies are surveying and staking claim to these resources, but so far, no one has been granted approval to begin extracting them. The International Seabed Authority (ISA) — the governing body that oversees all activities in international waters (known as the Area) — is currently developing regulations for the extraction of marine minerals. Rules and procedures that govern liability for damage arising from mining activities will be crucial aspect of this regulatory framework. Who is responsible when an environmental disaster occurs as a result of mining activities? To assist in clarifying these legal issues of responsibility and liability, the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), the Commonwealth Secretariat and the Secretariat of the International Seabed Authority established the Liability Issues for Deep Seabed Mining project. Under the direction of Neil Craik (CIGI), Hannah Lily (Commonwealth Secretariat) and Alfonso Ascencio-Herrera (ISA Secretariat), this project seeks to provide a foundational understanding of key questions surrounding the further development of liability rules.
Views: 1975 Centre for International Governance Innovation
Gold alone found on the sea floor is estimated to be worth $150 trn. But the cost to the planet of extracting it could be severe. Check out Economist Films: http://films.economist.com/ Check out The Economist’s full video catalogue: http://econ.st/20IehQk Like The Economist on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TheEconomist/ Follow The Economist on Twitter: https://twitter.com/theeconomist Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/theeconomist/ Follow us on LINE: http://econ.st/1WXkOo6 Follow us on Medium: https://medium.com/@the_economist
Views: 64509 The Economist
(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) 0:16 - Main Presentation - Lisa Levin 28:24 - Audience Discussion Given the growing demand for deep sea metals created by electronic and green technologies, scientists are faced with decisions about whether to engage in baseline and impacts research that enables development of a new extraction industry, and whether to contribute expertise to the development of environmental protections and guidelines. Lisa A. Levin, distinguished professor of biological oceanography at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, addresses the ethical and societal challenges of exploitation in a relatively unknown realm. Series: "Exploring Ethics" [6/2018] [Show ID: 32160]
Views: 1964 University of California Television (UCTV)
Several Pacific Island nations are eagerly eyeing up the potential economic benefits from valuable deep sea mineral resources that have been discovered within their maritime territories. With a recent surge in commercial interest the Pacific has now become the centre of an international debate over whether the sustainable economic benefits for Pacific Islanders will outweigh the environmental risks of harvesting these precious metals from the bottom of the sea. This short film examines the issue from a number of key perspectives including; anti-deep sea mining NGO's; politicians; government agencies; deep sea mining companies and; the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.
Views: 12466 Steve Menzies
Inhabitants is an online video for exploratory video and documentary reporting. Follow us: Website: inhabitants-tv.org/ Facebook: facebook.com/inhabitantstv/ YouTube: youtube.com/channel/UCt0fB6C18nwzRwdudiC8sGg ENG (see below for Portuguese) The third episode of the web series What is Deep Sea Mining? is set on the Azores archipelago, an autonomous region of Portugal located in the North Atlantic Ocean. Composed of nine volcanic islands that once thrived on the whaling industry, the Azores have since become a hot spot for research in marine biology due to its diverse ecosystems, as it is located above an active triple junction between the Eurasian, African, and North-American tectonic plates. In 2008, one year before Portugal submitted its proposal to extend its continental shelf to the United Nations, the Canadian mining company Nautilus Minerals Inc. presented a proposal for mineral prospection and exploration in six areas off the coast of the Azores. Despite the fact that deep sea mining continues to be under debate between different governmental bodies, no effort was done to inform the wider public or local citizens about such plans. For this episode we interviewed different specialists in marine biology based in the islands, among them José Nuno Gomes-Pereira, Teresa Cerqueira, Telmo Morato, and Gisela Dionísio, as well as member of the European Parliament Ricardo Serrão Santos, on the potential impacts of deep sea mining on local ecosystems and on the archipelago’s economical reality. What is Deep Sea Mining? is developed in collaboration with Margarida Mendes, curator and activist from Lisbon, Portugal, and founding member of Oceano Livre environmental movement against deep sea mining. What is Deep Sea Mining? is a web series commissioned by TBA21–Academy. Acknowledgements: Aurora Ribeiro, Espaço Talassa, Gisela Dionísio, Gonçalo Carvalho, Gonçalo Tocha, Henrique Ramos, Joana Borges Coutinho, José Nuno Gomes-Pereira, Luis Rodrigues, Márcia Dutra, Museu da Horta, Museu do Pico, Naturalist, Norberto, Ricardo Serrão Santos, Serge Viallelle, Telmo Morato, Tomás Melo, Quinta do bom despacho, and everyone who helped this web series. Special thanks to: Markus Reymann, Stefanie Hessler, and Filipa Ramos. PT Para o terceiro episódio da série What is Deep Sea Mining?/ O que é a mineração em mar profundo? viajámos até ao arquipélago dos Açores, território autónomo de Portugal situado no Atlântico norte. Composto por nove ilhas vulcânicas outrora famosas pela indústria da baleação, os Açores tornaram-se entretanto um local de destaque para a investigação em biologia marinha, visto que ao se localizar sobre a Dorsal Mesoatlântica, entre as placas tectónicas Euroasiática, Africana e Norte Americana, a região apresenta uma grande diversidade de ecossistemas. Em 2008, um ano antes de Portugal propor às Nações Unidas o aumento da sua placa continental, a companhia de mineração Canadiana Nautilus Minerals Inc. apresentou uma proposta para prospeção e potencial exploração de minerais em mar profundo em seis áreas ao largo dos Açores. Apesar da mineração em mar profundo ser alvo de debate entre vários representantes governamentais, não foi feito qualquer esforço para informar os cidadãos locais e o público em geral de tais planos. Para este episódio entrevistámos diferentes especialistas em biologia marinha baseados nas ilhas, entre estes José Nuno Gomes-Pereira, Teresa Cerqueira, Telmo Morato e Gisela Dionísio, bem como o eurodeputado Ricardo Serrão Santos, para saber mais sobre os potenciais impactos da mineração em mar profundo nos ecossistemas locais e na realidade económica da região. What is Deep Sea Mining? é uma série desenvolvida em colaboração com Margarida Mendes, curadora e ativista de Lisboa, Portugal, e membro fundador do movimento ambientalista contra a mineração em mar profundo, Oceano Livre. What is Deep Sea Mining? é uma comissão de TBA21–Academy. Agradecimentos: Aurora Ribeiro, Espaço Talassa, Gisela Dionísio, Gonçalo Carvalho, Gonçalo Tocha, Henrique Ramos, Joana Borges Coutinho, José Nuno Gomes-Pereira, Luis Rodrigues, Márcia Dutra, Museu da Horta, Museu do Pico, Naturalist, Norberto, Ricardo Serrão Santos, Serge Viallelle, Telmo Morato, Tomás Melo, Quinta do bom despacho, and everyone who helped this web series. Um agradecimento especial a: Markus Reymann, Stefanie Hessler, and Filipa Ramos.
Views: 349 Inhabitants
Diving to depths few men have gone before, Chinese researchers on the Hai Yang Liu Hao expedition conducted a successful trial of a mining vehicle at depths of about 2,500 meters, before returning to Guangzhou on Thursday. More on: http://www.cctvplus.com/news/20190516/8110894.shtml#!language=1 Welcome to subscribe us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NewsContent.CCTVPLUS Twitter: https://twitter.com/CCTV_Plus LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/cctv-news-content Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cctvnewscontent/ Video on Demand: www.cctvplus.com If you are in demand of this video footage, please contact with our business development team via email: [email protected]
Views: 593 CCTV Video News Agency
SAGRES Project is an innovative and disruptive approach developed by ISQ that focus on the conception and validation of an algorithm that supports decision to prospection and exploration (P&E) activities related with deep sea mineral (DSM) resources based on satellite information, and complemented by in-situ data, including CMEMS data. CMEMS model about the ocean physical, chemical and biological parameters together with other satellite and in-situ data are used. For instance, the provision of data on temperature, salinity, and concentration of oxygen, nitrate, phosphate and chlorophyll in sea water at several depth ranges and fairly high resolution grids are important to better constraint and enhance the forecast capability of the SAGRES Project algorithm.
Views: 71 Copernicus Marine Service
Does seabed mining make economic sense? What are the environmental and commercial risks if this goes ahead? Who will lose money on seabed mining? Why do you think this matters to coastal investors and ocean lovers? Carl Gustaf Lundin, Principal Marine and Polar Scientist, IUCN. You can view this video and the full video archive on the Dukascopy TV page: http://www.dukascopy.com/tv/en/#262499 Смотрите Dukascopy TV на вашем языке: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvrussian 用您的语言观看杜高斯贝电视: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvchinese Miren Dukascopy TV en su idioma: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvspanish Schauen Sie Dukascopy TV in Ihrer Sprache: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvgerman Regardez la Dukascopy TV dans votre langue: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvfrench Veja a TV Dukascopy na sua língua: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvpt
Views: 147 Dukascopy TV (EN)
The video is part of the Workshop "Limits to Blue Growth in the Deep Sea" at the European Maritime Day, held in Bremen, Germany on 19 May 2014 organised by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Institute for the Law of the Sea and International Marine Environmental Law (ISRIM).
Views: 269 ISRIM
Google Map Source: https://goo.gl/m9gL6c Secureteam10 is your source for reporting the best in new UFO sighting news, information on the government coverup, and the alien activity happening on and off of our planet. Send us YOUR footage by visiting the contact links below, and help us continue the good fight for disclosure! ➨Follow Us On Twitter: https://twitter.com/SecureTeam10 ➨Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Secureteam10 ➨E-mail us with your ideas & footage: [email protected] ➨Visit our online shirt shop and gear up with your own ST10 Tee! http://secureteam.spreadshirt.com Music: Spellbound by Kevin Macleod (The best damn music producer in the land) Kevin's website: http://www.incompetech.com ALL footage used is either done under the express permission of the original owner, or is public domain and falls under Fair Use for commentary/research/news reporting purposes under current copyright rules.
Views: 4633496 secureteam10
Lecture on the implications of industrial scale deep ocean mining on species rich abyssal and benthic ecosystems within the aphotic zones of the ocean in light of predicted peak mineral trends and estimated demands based on a "throw-away" economical system.
Views: 17 Grave Called Thoughts
Dredging is an excavation activity or operation usually carried out at least partly underwater, in shallow seas or fresh water areas with the purpose of gath. Dredging is an excavation activity or operation usually carried out at least partly underwater, in shallow seas or fresh water areas with the purpose of gath. ABP's Port of Southampton has now completed a £40M dredge programme which will allow the world's largest ships to access the Southampton Container Terminal w. Visuals Studio Brazil 2012 Director - Producer: Ernst Daniel Nijboer Rio de Janeiro Brazil [email protected] Sur Final Version 20120618 mov.
Views: 859510 Documentary Lab
Mr Smashing makes a comeback with a deep sea mining disco love song. Destroying the deep sea to get metals for our throw-away mobile phones and other e-devices? Seas At Risk thinks it is better to step up efforts on the circular economy – make devices repairable, re-usable, recyclable. Use mineral resources more efficiently and keep them in the economy loop instead of wasting them. In our leaflet ‘Deep sea mining? Stop and think!’ you can read why we think deep sea mining has no place in the world’s Agenda 2030 for sustainable development. Let’s focus on creating a circular economy instead! http://www.seas-at-risk.org/images/pdf/Infographics/DSM-PDF-leaflet-light.pdf
Views: 8207 Seas At Risk
Get the facts about the high seas—the two-thirds of our world’s oceans that are not under any country's jurisdiction. This quick whiteboard tutorial explains why these international waters are so important and how the United Nations can help protect high seas marine life and ocean resources. *TRANSCRIPT* Beyond the waters under the jurisdiction of coastal countries lies a vast region that few will ever see first-hand, but on which everyone on Earth depends. It’s known as the high seas and covers nearly half of the planet. These waters and the deep seabed that lie beneath them, were once thought to be empty— but they are actually full of life. Sea turtles, whales, sharks, and migratory fish spend much of their lives in these waters. They are also home to hydrothermal vents, unique seamounts and geomorphic structures, deep sea corals, uniquely adapted fish species, and tiny organisms—many of which have yet to be discovered. The high seas are vital to the global ocean ecosystem; providing much needed protein to a growing population. Nearly 10 million tons of fish are caught each year on the high seas—generating more than $16 billion once landed. And the fishing and shipping industries rely on the high seas to provide economic security and jobs. But the high seas are under threat. As shipping and fishing industries continue to grow and new activities such as rocket launches, power generation, aquaculture, and seabed mining emerge, the demands on the high seas are an increasing burden. While shipping, mining, and fishing are regulated by international organizations, there is still no management for many new activities, or coordinated governance of existing high seas industries. In June 2015, the United Nations agreed to begin negotiations over a new international treaty to protect high seas biodiversity. This treaty is the first of its kind and for how our valuable ocean resources are managed. The new treaty could allow countries to protect important and vulnerable parts of the high seas by creating marine protected areas and reserves. And it could require environmental impact assessments for commercial operations to determine when, where, and whether various activities should be allowed. Achieving a strong treaty will need the efforts of government leaders and officials from around the world—and broad support from those who make their living from the ocean, feed their families from it, or just love it. Now is the time to secure a robust new international agreement that ensures the health of the high seas for generations to come. For more information, visit www.pewtrusts.org/highseas.
Views: 8112 Pew
In 1989 German ocean researchers started a unique long-term experiment off the coast of Peru. To explore the effects of potential deep sea mining on the seabed, they plowed in about eleven square kilometer area around the seabed. (c) GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel 2016
Views: 2274 GEOMAR Kiel
The deep sea is home to a variety of understudied, otherworldly ecosystems that are in need of human understanding if they are to have any protection from encroaching deep sea fishing and mining activities. These systems support the global marine environment though habitat creation, nutrient cycling, and maintenance of biodiversity. However, they also happen to be found in areas with rich stores of oil, gas, minerals, and potential new pharmaceuticals. Understanding what ecosystem processes generate these key services is fundamental to their protection.
Views: 103 EarthEcho International
- Like our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/oilvips - Oil and gas are generated from a source rock, organic matter buried in the depths of the earth. Once formed, they climb back towards the surface. On their way, cap rocks can impede their progress and they accumulate in reservoir rocks. Here they constitute hydrocarbon fields, which can be identified by interpreting seismic data (a sort of echography). The data is obtained with the help of a seismic ship. To confirm the interpretations of seismic data, two types of drilling gear exist. Each is adapted to a range of depth of water (down to more than 2500 meters). The platform seen here is a semi-submersible, which floats and retains its stabilised position by means of anchors fixed on the seabed. Platforms at sea are used not only for drilling but also for the production of hydrocarbons. This production consists of the separation of oil, gas and water, before the oil and gas is taken by pipeline towards a mainland terminal. Where it is impossible or too expensive to link the field to the coast by a pipeline, an FPSO ship is used (Floating Production Storage and Offloading barge). Onboard, the hydrocarbons and the water are separated. The oil is stored prior to being loaded on tankers and the gas is re-injected into the reservoir rocks. Gas from a field is taken to land through an underground gasoduct to a processing plant. There, if the gas is to be transported by sea, it is converted into liquid obtained by cooling it down to --163°C. When it arrives at the plant terminal, the liquid natural gas (LNG) is returned to its gaseous state in a re-gasification plant, before being introduced into the local gasoduct network. The LNG is stored in tanks before re-gasification. The crude oil is transported in a petroleum tanker, the capacity of which can attain 200 000 tons. It is commonly called a "super- tanker". The terminals capable of receiving such giants are few and far between. The ships used to transport the crude oil produced on an FPSO ship are of a much smaller capacity. The crude oil, before being refined, is stored in the port in the large capacity tanks. The natural gas is preserved in reservoirs (artificial or natural). It is ready to be injected by pumping into the gasoduct network for industrial and domestic use or as fuel in power-generating stations. As far as the crude oil goes, it is transported by oleoduct to the refinery. There it undergoes a number of transformations and blending. A variety of finished products are obtained (LPG, petrol, kerosene, diesel ...), or naphtha, which will be used as the basis for the composition of plastic products by complex petroleum chemistry. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Like our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/oilvips Twitter: https://twitter.com/oilvips And Don't forget to subscribe to our channel
Views: 436355 Oil & Gas Videos
=== Abstract === Deep-sea mining is the process of retrieving mineral deposits from the deep seabed, the area of the seabed below 200m. Whilst there has been interest in the deep seabed since the 1970s, there has been growing interest in recent years due to the depleting deposits from terrestrial sources of metals such as manganese, coupled with the increasing demand for the same metals in green technologies such as wind turbines. Each resource type will have specific challenges, solutions, technologies and mining techniques. In essence, all will require seafloor vehicles to crush and collect the material which will then be fed to the support vessel. However, as the deep sea remains understudied and poorly understood, there are many gaps in our understanding of its biodiversity and ecosystems. This makes it difficult to thoroughly assess the potential impacts of deep-sea mining and to put in place adequate safeguards to protect the marine environment. As there are likely to be impacts beyond our current knowledge, the International Seabed Authority (ISA) is operating a dual mandate of promoting the development of deep-sea minerals whilst ensuring that this development is not harmful to the environment. As such, they are currently going through the process of consultation with the international community (government representatives, scientific community, private contractors etc.) to ensure that the marine life is adequately protected. This presentation will discuss why deep seabed mining is gaining traction and review the governance to date looking at what is already in place and where the gaps are. === Speaker: David Carlin, Ocean Governance SIG - https://www.imarest.org/special-interest-groups/ocean-governance === David is the Science Director at CEFAS, and has worked primarily on science, evidence and advice in support of the regulation of activities in the marine environment. He undertook a secondment to the former Marine and Fisheries Agency (the forerunner to the Marine Management Organisation, MMO) to provide a link between scientific evidence and regulation and assist with the transfer of policy and regulation between government departments. During his time at Cefas David has fulfilled a number of scientific and managerial roles within the organisation and roles outside, including programme steering group membership and ICES Expert Group Chair. He is a Fellow of the IMarEST and David was appointed Environment and Ecosystems Divisional Director in September 2012. === IMarEST Annual Conference 2019 - Shaping the future of a sustainable blue economy - https://www.imarest.org/annualconference
They are virtual cities stuck in the middle of some of the most dangerous seas on earth. Life on them is hard and fraught with danger from calamitous fires a. Animation of deepwater drilling. Drilling wells is one of the most important activities in the process of finding hydrocarbon reservoirs and producing oil and gas from these reservoirs to me. Auxillary Drilling Supervisor, Louise takes us through her daily life onboard the Deepsea Metro I drill ship. Louise overseas the team that make up the drill.
Views: 257352 Documentary Lab
Geraint Davies MP questioned Professor Gideon Henderson, Chair of Future Ocean Resources, Royal Society, Michael Lodge, Secretary General, International Seabed Authority and Christopher Williams, Managing Director, UK Seabed Resources at a meeting of the Environmental Audit Committee. Mr Davies enquired about the impact of deep sea mining on marine environments. He was particularly concerned by the far field effects of mining in the deep sea whereby marine pollution drifts from designated mining zones to protected areas of the ocean., destroying wildlife and habitats.
Views: 17 Geraint Davies
Interview with Professor Chalapan Kaluwin - Environment & Conservation University of Papua New Guinea
Views: 1682 PIKSA Papua New Guinea
From the worlds largest gold mine found on the top of a mountain to the largest diamond mine in the world here are the most massive mines in the world! Subscribe to American EYE! 5.. Asbestos Mine, Canada Also known as the Jeffrey Mine, it’s located in Asbestos, Quebec and it was in operation until 2012. It’s a whopping 2 kilometers wide and 370 meters deep! Check out this thing on google maps and you can tell how completely massive this thing is! It’s the by far the largest asbestos mine in the world. For a long period of time, people would use this mineral to put into their walls and keep their homes from catching on fire! But recently there’s been a link with asbestos and a disease called mesothelioma, which is a lung condition. This is a toxic substance that people should avoid, so obviously this large mine went out of business. The lake at the bottom might look like an inviting blue, but you can bet your bottom dollar, it’s highly toxic! The small town that grew with the thriving asbestos industry feels like they’ve kind of lost their identity once the mine was forced to close, but people do still live there. 4. Mcarthur River Uranium Mine In case you were wondering which mine produces the most uranium in the world, that would be of course the Mcarthur River uranium mine in Saskatchewan Canada. This huge deposit was found in 1988 and finally a mining operation took place in 1997, when it began producing what’s known as Yellowcake. It’s not the kind of yellow cake you’d eat with your grandparents. This stuff has a horrific odor and basically what it is, is concentrated uranium powder which can then be used for powering nuclear reactors. We imagine this powdery substance is quite difficult to get ahold of. There aren’t a ton of photos of this place but, it does produce about 13 percent of the global uranium production across the globe. 3. Diavik Diamond Mine In case you thought it was Africa who had all the massive diamond mines, think again! The Diavik Diamond mine, found in the the northwest territories of Canada is one of the largest producers of diamonds in the Northern hemisphere and this place is pretty crazy! They annually produce 7 million carats of diamonds each year and you better believe it’s not easy to get here. The Diavik mine is found north of the arctic circle and it’s definitely cold! This photo here shows the subarctic landscapes that surround the diamond mine. You thought getting to work in the morning was tough for you? Imagine trying to get to work here! Just recently in 2015, this diamond produced what was known as the Diavik Foxfire 187.7 which is one of the largest rough gem quality diamonds ever produced. 2. Siberian Diamond Mine Also known as the Mirny Mine, The USSR began searching for ways to make to make themselves a more economical stable and independent union. In 1955 the Soviets discovered large diamond deposits at this site in the far away lands of Siberia and many people got to work very quickly in order to help bring wealth to the union. After about 20 years of operations, they finally decided that At one point this mine produced 10 million carats of diamonds a year and reaches a max depth of 524 meters or around 1700 feet making it the 2nd largest excavated hole in the world. The mine is so deep, airspace is closed over the hole due to helicopter crashes caused from the downward flow of air. The construction of this in the frigid conditions of Siberia must have been grueling and downright cruel. Sources state that the machinery used at this mine had to be covered at night or it would freeze Are the diamonds worth freezing to death?! It’s unoperational today but Some claim that there’s still a bunch of diamonds in this mine and the whole thing could be worth about 12 Billion dollars. It’s possible that controlling this diamond is mine is crucial to controlling the price of diamonds across the world. Bingham Copper Mine The bingham copper mine located near Salt Lake City Utah is home to the biggest pit in the world and it’s been in operation since 1903. It’s about 2.5 miles wide and if it were a stadium, it would be able to fit an estimated 9.5 million people. It keeps getting bigger and bigger too! Diligent workers can move about 250,000 tons of rock each day and it’s even become a tourist attraction in recent years before a massive landslide took place. Some claim that this was the biggest non volcanic landslide to take place in North American modern history. This photo we see here shows you the aftermath of this massive landslide and Bingham Copper mine and it makes you wonder how safe some of the conditions at these mines truly are. The landslides were so massive, that they actually triggered a few small earthquakes! Experts estimated that 165 tons of earth slide down from the top of the mine all the way to the bottom.
Views: 266878 American Eye
(Visit: http://seminars.uctv.tv/) The deep ocean covers more than half the planet, but is remote, expensive to access and poorly studied. With growing resource shortages on land and in the coastal zone, and technological advances that greatly improve access, this vast, remote, domain faces unprecedented challenges to its integrity, and its ability to provide the services we depend on. Fishing, energy extraction and mining activities are all increasing in the deep ocean, both within EEZs and in international waters, often without appropriate oversight and policy in place. There is a growing imperative to advance stewardship strategies that consider the deep-ocean's special features and the needs of future generations. Series: "Understanding and Protecting the Planet" [Show ID: 27867]
Views: 198 UCTVSeminars
Joshua Morris, MIIS - Deep-Sea Mining: Risks, Rewards, and Regulation MARINE Oceans Colloquium April 17th, 2016
019 - Mining In this video Paul Andersen explains how mining is used to extract valuable minerals from the Earth's crust. Surface and subsurface mining are used to extract ore which is then processed. A discussion of ecosystem impacts and legislation is also included. Do you speak another language? Help me translate my videos: http://www.bozemanscience.com/translations/ Music Attribution Intro Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License Outro Title: String Theory Artist: Herman Jolly http://sunsetvalley.bandcamp.com/track/string-theory All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing: Cateb, M. (2010). Português: Cobre e latão para soldas. Lingote de prata 950 e chapa de prata. Liga para ser adicionada à prata, com cobre e germânio. Grânulos de prata fina. Foto : Mauro Cateb, joalheiro brasileiro. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Metals_for_jewellery.jpg English: Anthracite coal. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coal_anthracite.jpg File:MKingHubbert.jpg. (2011, September 13). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:MKingHubbert.jpg&oldid=450215564 Jones, N. (2007). English: Sand and gravel strata on the southern edge of Coxford Wood The sand and gravel quarry goes right up to the edge of wood. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sand_and_gravel_strata_on_the_southern_edge_of_Coxford_Wood_-_geograph.org.uk_-_610732.jpg Jyi1693. (2006). English: Seawater photographed from aboard the MV Virgo out of Singapore, 2006. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sea_water_Virgo.jpg KVDP. (2009). English: A schematic showing the locations of certain ores in the world. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Simplified_world_mining_map_1.png printer, -G. F. Nesbitt & Co. (1850). English: Sailing card for the clipper ship California, depicting scenes from the California gold rush. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:California_Clipper_500.jpg USA, G. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Italiano: Grafico che rappresenta il picco di Hubbert della produzione petrolifera mondiale. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hubbert_world_2004.svg Vance, R. H. (1850). English: “Photomechanical reproduction of the 1850(?) daguerreotype by R. H. Vance shows James Marshall standing in front of Sutter’s sawmill, Coloma, California, where he discovered gold.” Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sutters_Mill.jpg
Views: 90958 Bozeman Science
CLICK HERE - http://activeterium.com/1DCR - FOR MORE FREE DOCUMENTARIES Drilling The Sea for Oil - Deep Sea Drillers dee sea drilling - Results - North Sea (body Of Water) - Infoos stranded deep beta, Stranded Deep Turtle, Stranded Deep Reef Shark, Stranded Deep Stingray Explaining the steps in the deep sea drilling process Deep Sea Drilling Platform, Vector - Stock Vector from the largest library of royalty-free images, only at Shutterstock to take steps to protect New Zealand from another shipping accident like the Rena, and in allowing deep sea drilling oil spills are more likely Explore Stephanie Harris's board "Deep Sea Drilling NZ" on Pinterest, the world's catalog of ideas Deep sea drilling companies are finally having a good day, anyone know why ken sea drill part 1. prohibit deep sea oil drilling;.. (Organism Classification),Northumberland (English Non-metropolitan County),drills,practice,ben,bburville,North Sea (Body Of Water) shark, shelter, stranded deep alpha, castaway, gameplay, stranded deep beta, Stranded Deep Turtle, Stranded Deep Reef Shark, Stranded Deep Stingray Below are more detailed explanations for each step of the deep sea drilling process China's large homegrown deep sea drilling platform 981 Download and use this Deep Sea Drilling Oil Rig Pumps Oil To Land Processing Facility clipart in your School Projects, Powerpoints and More Causes a leak or spill Its good to do business in New Zealand and a Deep sea drilling NZ Petroleum & Minerals Land based drilling companies focused on shale oil well drilling will fare much better than deep sea drilling companies in my opinion Helicopters,H225,Oil & Gas,OG,Recue,Training,Rescue (Profession),Bristow Helicopters (Airline),North Sea (Body Of Water),EC225 of Doom, Stranded Deep gameplay, Stranded Deep Turtle, Stranded Deep Reef Shark, Stranded Deep Stingray, Stranded Deep Door, Stranded Deep Plane The BOP is a vital part of the deep sea drilling process, and it is this function that can prevent accidents or unnecessary danger from occurring Type: Deep sea drilling platform 34 Finally, in May 2014, CNOOC unilaterally placed a deep sea drilling oil rig in gas producers and deep sea drilling companies like Karoon Gas, I'm looking at you Drilling The Sea for Oil - Deep Sea Drillers
Views: 31923 Documentary Films
Children Of The Dirty Gold: An investigation into the use of child labour in dangerous Philippine underwater gold mines. Subscribe to Journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures The Children Working On Indian Coal Mines https://youtu.be/0ZA5Az09Zj4 How Asia's Economic Miracle Collapsed https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gS-MVu5v4b8 Hard Labour Nicaragua https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GkAnvHnqJVw For downloads and more information visit: http://www.journeyman.tv/?lid=68884&bid=2 Many of Philippines' 5.5 million child workers are risking their lives digging for "Dirty Gold" in unbelievable conditions. Desperate men and children scour underwater mine-shafts in this terrifying report. Breathing through nothing more than a thin pipe connected to an air compressor, going 30 foot deep underwater for hours in search of gold is all in a day’s work for 16-year-old Gerald. "I'm afraid, if the earth collapses, I will get buried underneath" says the teenager. Surrounded by rock walls in the pitch black darkness of the water, the men chip away at walls for 3 hours. They find no gold. For many like Gerald school is a distant memory, and illegally diving for gold the only alternative to starvation. Hundreds of deaths by electrocution, drowning and even the possibility of Mercury poisoning have had little impact on compressor mining activities, which continue un-policed and unregulated. There appears little hope of change on the horizon. "If I could only give job opportunities - I will take them away from compressor mining. It is just that I have no alternative at this point" says Ricarte Padilla, Mayor of Jose Panganiban - Philippines' so-called "Gold Coast". As it is, the children and family men unearthing 60-80kg of gold per month see the lions share of wealth disappear into the Chinese black market. Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews ABC Australia - Ref 6514 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 2189080 Journeyman Pictures
Interview recorded in the SOPHIA Studio (www.sophia-mar.pt) during the Deep-Sea Biology Symposium (DSBS, Aveiro 2015). Topics: Deep-sea mining impacts: preliminary results from MIDAS; Need for science-industry collaboration; High biodiversity in the deep ocean: results from ABYSSLINE at the Clarion-Clipperton fracture zone; Need for further fundamental deep-sea research (knowledge gaps; deep-sea taxonomy; science-policy interface; EIA; sustainable management planning; scientists as governance advisors); Scientific collaboration and data sharing; Increasing needs of the research community: the Portuguese case (capacity building; science funding; resource investment); Public perceptions on the deep-sea; Population connectivity. 00:08 Deep-sea mining impacts: results from MIDAS 03:03 Need for science-industry collaboration 04:54 Deep-sea biodiversity: results from ABYSSLINE 07:27 Need for fundamental deep-sea science 12:24 Prospects for deep-sea research 15:50 Increasing needs of the scientific community 20:23 Public perceptions on the deep-sea 21:16 High biodiversity in the deep ocean Ana Colaço, PhD in Ecology and Biosystematics by the University of Lisbon, is a Principal Investigator at MARE-Azores-IMAR. Her research focuses on hydrothermal vents ecosystems, and trophic relationships on seamounts. Craig Smith (at the middle) is a Professor of Oceanography at the University of Hawaii and the Principal investigator of the Benthic-Ecology Lab at this University. His research focuses on deep-sea biodiversity, disturbance ecology, and human impacts in seafloor ecosystems. Adrian Glover (on the right) is a Research Leader in the Life Sciences Department of the Natural History Museum, London and a Visiting Researcher at the University of Southampton. His research focuses on deep-sea biodiversity, Antarctic biodiversity, annelid evolution and ecology. SOPHIA - Knowledge for the management of marine environment is a literacy for the oceans project developed in Portugal. It is a not for profit collaboration between the Administration and knowledge and research community. It provides training and knowledge content to help develop a common language within this community. Follow us on: www.sophia-mar.pt www.facebook.com/sophia.mar.pt twitter.com/Projeto_SOPHIA Deep-Sea Biology Symposium - The triennial DSBS is the most important meeting for deep-sea biologists around the world. The 14th edition was held in Aveiro, Portugal, in 2015.
Views: 157 SOPHIA
“We are now seeing this happening in a number of places where they’re thinking of taking off the entire crust, which would basically devastate and destroy the whole ecosystem,” Mr Carl-Gustaf Lundin, IUCN You can view this video and the full video archive on the Dukascopy TV page: http://www.dukascopy.com/tv/en/#184901 Смотрите Dukascopy TV на вашем языке: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvrussian 用您的语言观看杜高斯贝电视: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvchinese Miren Dukascopy TV en su idioma: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvspanish Schauen Sie Dukascopy TV in Ihrer Sprache: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvgerman Regardez la Dukascopy TV dans votre langue: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvfrench Veja a TV Dukascopy na sua língua: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvpt
Views: 580 Dukascopy TV (EN)
Opening Address by the International Seabed Authority Secretary-General at the Processing Technologies, Metal Recoveries & Economic Feasibility of Deep Sea Mining; 3-6 Sept 2018; Warsaw, Poland
Views: 59 ISBA HQ
Biofluorescent sharks, deep sea mining, seafloor vents, underwater drones, and the disturbing effects of ocean acidification: exploring the future of oceanographic discovery. Subscribe to TDC: https://www.youtube.com/TheDailyConversation/ Video by Bryce Plank and Robin West Music: Timelapse (TDC Remix): MotionArray.com Drums of the Deep by Kevin MacLeod: Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1400021 Consequence: https://soundcloud.com/mattstewartevans https://www.facebook.com/Matthew.Stewart.Evans Hydra (TDC Remix): YT Audio Library The Stranger (Glimpse): https://soundcloud.com/glimpse_official Dark Night by Matt Stewart Evans: https://soundcloud.com/mattstewartevans https://www.facebook.com/Matthew.Stewart.Evans Featured videos: Mining: https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/video/2017/jun/28/robots-ocean-floor-deep-sea-mining-video Sonar mapping: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CRQuID0IwbY Microbes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uktdKw_bJ_8 Biofluorescence: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/explorers/bios/david-gruber/ Susan Avery TED talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gMQIgKyX3oU Triona McGrath TED talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJPpJhQxaLw Robert Ballard's EV Nautilus: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jOIOXvU0_qk James Cameron's Deepsea Challenger: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kSfESqX-E84 Wired's profile on HOV's vs ROV's: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eUzz_ilsFa0 Onboard the Okeanos Explorer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p0G68ORc8uQ With 95% of the ocean floor unexplored, the deep sea is Earth’s last frontier. Its pioneers are scientists leveraging the latest technology to cast light on the massive and incomprehensibly dark environment that extends more than 35,000 feet down. Until recently, this world was known only to our planet’s most unearthly species. This is the story of our largest biome—and the people devoting themselves to understanding it and saving it for future generations. 40 years ago we discovered hydrothermal vents, which act as Earth's plumbing system, transporting chemicals and extreme heat from the molten core of our planet, helping to regulate the chemical makeup of the oceans. But this seemingly toxic environment is still home to life. Organisms that don’t need photosynthesis to survive can live down here. And with most of the seafloor left to explore, many species remain undiscovered. Studying these unlikely ecosystems can teach us about the earliest stages of life’s evolution here on Earth, and about the possibility of life on other planets. That’s why NASA is working with oceanographers to help plan the mission to explore Jupiter's ice-covered moon, Europa. And because these vents form in active volcanic zones, they also help us better understand how landforms and moves over time. Plus, the sludge that’s constantly spewing from the vents contains some of the most valuable metals known to man. [Guardian video journalist] “In the deep ocean, where the water is as dark as ink, lie riches that no treasure hunters have managed to retrieve. They are deposits of precious minerals, from cobalt to gold, that have tantalized miners and nations for decades...” In 2019, a Canadian company will make the first-ever attempt at extracting these minerals. Using the latest technologies and massive, custom designed vehicles, it aims to bring up $1.5 billion worth of metals from a single site 25km off the coast of Papua New Guinea. Nautilus says it will minimize environmental damage by using infrared cameras and sonar to pinpoint the exact location of ore deposits, allowing it to shred less of the ocean floor. But environmentalists aren’t buying it. Preserving a sensitive ecosystem 8,000 feet underwater from the impact of mining is just not that simple. Unfortunately, we may not have much choice. There’s growing demand for these metals, but dwindling supplies of them on land. Cobalt — for instance — is used in jet engines, lithium-ion batteries, and the computer or smartphone you’re watching this video on—and the machines we made it on. But this age-old clash between miners and environment is really just one chapter in a much larger story of technology development—innovations aimed at maintaining the delicate balance of the increasingly threatened ocean ecosystem. One such tool is the EK80 broadband acoustic echo sounder. It uses a range of frequencies to paint a much more comprehensive picture of the amount and types of species living in a selected area of water.
Views: 38169 The Daily Conversation
BEST BEACH HACKS FOR PERFECT HOLIDAYS These hacks will help you to make beach days perfectly comfortable and you will have the best time ever! Watch our video and learn what to do if you need to wash hair after swimming and you don’t have douche, how to make underwater photos, how to create a towel beach bag that requires basic sewing skills and suppliers and that you can easily throw in the washer to clean! A foggy mask ruins an entire dive or swim, destroying your view of fishes and corals. The good news is that it's possible to prevent any mask from fogging using lighter and toothpaste. Fire removes the silicon from the mask and reduces the fog. After that apply toothpaste on the inside of the mask lens until it coats the glass completely. Rinse the mask gently with fresh water until the lens is clear. Enjoy your diving! When the hot weather arrives, all you want to do is enjoy it, but things like sand in shoes, insects and warm drinks can make you crazy. Lucky for you, we’ve found a great collection of life-changing lifehacks! Watch our video and find out how to easily repair your pool toys, flip-flops, how to save your money when you relax in the beach, use a bed sheet to stay and free and other useful tricks you gonna love! One of the worst parts of summer is getting a sunburn. When it happened to throw some aloe vera gel into ice cube trays and freeze it. Voila! Watch our video and find how to make a bag out of recycled plastic bottles. You will need 3 plastic bottles, rope and only a couple of minutes! Follow our instructions: cut the bottles, make holes, join the three bottles with the rope. Voila! Do you love nature and spend time camping? So, what are the most useful camping tricks that you need to know? We have a collection of uncommon solutions to common and uncommon problems. DIY BBQ grill, corn chips firestarter and more useful ideas for you! You will find an incredible idea to create using pool noodles! You can make a nice swimming container for your snacks and beverages. Have fun! TIMESTAMPS: 00:36 DIY Douche 01:09 Defogging trick 03:07 Summer tattoo 10:36 Beach bag from plastic bottles 13:43 Carabiner flip-flop hack ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our Social Media: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/5min.crafts/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/5.min.crafts/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/5m_crafts Subscribe to 5-Minute MAGIC: http://bit.ly/2ldditZ Subscribe to 5-Minute Crafts GIRLY: https://goo.gl/fWbJqz Subscribe 5-Minute Crafts KIDS: https://goo.gl/PEuLVt The Bright Side of Youtube: https://goo.gl/rQTJZz ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- For more videos and articles visit: http://www.brightside.me Music by Epidemic Sound: https://www.epidemicsound.com/
Views: 79256665 5-Minute Crafts
Global Ocean TV is brought to you by The TerraMar Project. Expand the comments section for the transcript and links to stories: http://theterramarproject.org/thedailycatch Transcript: Hello and welcome to Global Ocean TV, brought to you by The TerraMar Project. I am today’s host, Rob Foos. Here are today’s stories: High Hopes for the High Seas http://theterramarproject.org/thedailycatch/high-hopes-for-the-high-seas/ “Agreements between countries are important but local and national efforts are key,” writes Dame Meg Taylor, the Pacific Ocean Commissioner, “some issues are best addressed by communities and their national governments, such as coastal-zone management and land-based pollution. However, effective and sustainable management of ocean activities within our sovereign areas must be matched by management of high seas areas, which currently sees far too much international friction.” Nautilus Minerals Prepares to Mine Copper from the Ocean Floor http://theterramarproject.org/thedailycatch/nautilus-minerals-prepares-to-mine-copper-from-ocean-floor/ Mining for minerals such as copper could become more efficient and cause fewer environmental problems if miners look for their minerals at the bottom of the ocean rather than on land, according to a study—but some scientists say deep-sea mining may have harmful consequences that we still do not fully understand. Ocean Bacteria Grows by Day, Dies by Night http://theterramarproject.org/thedailycatch/ocean-bacteria-grows-by-day-dies-by-night/ They comprise the very basis of the food web, but their importance is not very well understood. For every liter of seawater, hundreds of millions of tiny bacteria can be found during the day, and about the same number are killed or consumed every night, scientists reported online in the June 15 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Their consistent cycle of growth and death may stabilize marine ecosystems, even under the effects of global warming. Last Leg to Determine Who Finishes on the Volvo Ocean Race Podium http://theterramarproject.org/thedailycatch/last-leg-to-determine-who-finishes-on-the-volvo-ocean-race-podium/ Abu Dhabi Ocean Racing has all but secured the first place position, but four teams are vying for second place. Only 960 nautical miles and 6 days are left to find out who rounds out the Volvo Ocean Race Podium. What’s Next? (Part 2) http://theterramarproject.org/thedailycatch/whats-next-part-2/ In this episode of World Ocean Radio, host Peter Neill will discuss the first report of the Next System Project, which outlines a number of alternative theories and structures, providing the creative thinking and options which have the potential to expand the boundaries of the political debate and give clarity to long-term directives. Check out these stories in The Daily Catch and tune back in tomorrow for the best river, lake and ocean news from around the world. Thank you.
Views: 111 The TerraMar Project
Interview recorded in the SOPHIA Studio (www.sophia-mar.pt) during the Deep-Sea Biology Symposium (DSBS, Aveiro 2015). Topics: Knowledge gaps; Sustainable ecosystem management; Industrial activities in the deep-sea (mining, oil and gas drilling; fisheries); Need for better understanding of deep-sea ecosystems; Prospects and priorities for deep-sea research. Erik Cordes, doctor in Biology by the Pennsylvania State University, is an Associate Professor and a Principal Investigator at Temple University. His research focuses on deep-sea ecology and the potential human impacts on deep-sea ecosystems. 00:08 Main knowledge gaps 00:37 Need for sustainable management 01:29 Prospects for deep-sea research SOPHIA - Knowledge for the management of marine environment is a literacy for the oceans project developed in Portugal. It is a not for profit collaboration between the Administration and knowledge and research community. It provides training and knowledge content to help develop a common language within this community. Follow us on: www.sophia-mar.pt www.facebook.com/sophia.mar.pt twitter.com/Projeto_SOPHIA Deep-Sea Biology Symposium - The triennial DSBS is the most important meeting for deep-sea biologists around the world. The 14th edition was held in Aveiro, Portugal, in 2015.
Views: 131 SOPHIA
Chinese research vessel Zhang Jian set sail from South China's Shenzhen Chiwan Wharf Saturday, after completing its deep sea exploration in South China Sea. Its destination is the waters of the New Britain Trench, which is more than 8,000 meters deep in the Solomon Sea off Papua New Guinea. Upon its arrival, the research team on board will work jointly with two mining companies in Papua New Guinea to conduct a joint scientific research. Staff from the two countries will utilize the research equipment on the vessel to study the impact of mining activities on deep sea environment. The vessel Zhang Jian will also cooperate with local tourism agencies to offer deep-sea exploration opportunities to diving fans. The vessel will test its navigation abilities and equipment during its two-month voyage to the Southern Pacific. The ship is 97 meters long and 17.8 meters wide. It has a designed displacement of around 4,800 tonnes and an endurance of 15,000 nautical miles. The ship is the first of its kind in China that is designed and built for deep-sea exploration.
Views: 264 New China TV
In using our ocean and its resources, we need good management that balances use, enjoyment, and protection. But if we don't know what's out there, how can we manage it? Ocean exploration can put information about unknown reaches of the ocean into the hands of management and regulatory communities, helping to ensure that the ocean is not just managed, but managed WELL. For more on why ocean exploration matters, see: http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/world-oceans-day/index.html [Video: Red crab seen during the Okeanos Explorer Northeast Canyons 2013 expedition. The baseline knowledge gained while exploring these canyons off the Atlantic coast has already benefited the conservation and preservation of these remarkable ecosystems. The need to learn more about the relatively undisturbed canyon ecosystems is becoming more urgent, particularly as fishing practices, mining activities, and hydrocarbon exploration extend into the deep sea. Video courtesy of the NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Northeast Canyons 2013.]
Views: 1551 oceanexplorergov
Interview recorded in the SOPHIA Studio (www.sophia-mar.pt) during the Deep-Sea Biology Symposium (DSBS, Aveiro 2015). Topics: European Marine Board: scope, objectives and frameworks; Deep-sea definition problem; Integrative and ecosystem-based concept of the deep-sea; European position in deep-sea research; Research trends and priorities; Basic research vs technology and innovation development, Deep-sea mining; Ocean connectivity; Main knowledge gaps; Need for science-policy-industry interfaces; Private vs public funding trends; Technology development needs; The issue of a fragmented governance regime; Science as a driver for deep-sea governance; Collaboration and outreach activities; Importance of an ocean literate society; Appropriate governance pathways; Transparency and open data access recommendations. Kate Larkin, doctor in Marine Sciences by the University of Southampton, is Deputy Head of the European Marine Board Secretariat and also provides leadership in areas of marine research infrastructures, ocean observation systems and science-policy interfaces. 01:04 Scope of the European Marine Board 03:15 Deep-sea definition 06:06 Trends in European deep-sea research 08:38 Priorities of deep-sea research 11:18 Main knowledge gaps 13:32 Funding opportunities 15:45 Technology development needs 16:39 Deep-sea governance frameworks 18:54 Ocean literacy 20:53 Appropriate governance 22:27 Transparency and open data access SOPHIA - Knowledge for the management of marine environment is a literacy for the oceans project developed in Portugal. It is a not for profit collaboration between the Administration and knowledge and research community. It provides training and knowledge content to help develop a common language within this community. Follow us on: www.sophia-mar.pt www.facebook.com/sophia.mar.pt twitter.com/Projeto_SOPHIA Deep-Sea Biology Symposium - The triennial DSBS is the most important meeting for deep-sea biologists around the world. The 14th edition was held in Aveiro, Portugal, in 2015.
Views: 161 SOPHIA
SADC Seminar on the work of the International Seabed Authority The Department of International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO), in partnership with the Department of Mineral Resources, the International Seabed Authority and the South African Council for Geoscience, will be hosting a three-day Seminar in Pretoria for SADC States on the work of the Authority. The Seminar will provide information on the current and future work of the Authority, opportunities for deep seabed mining for developing countries, the protection of the marine environment related to deep seabed mining and related scientific research and regulatory policy issues. International and local experts will address a range of current topics and participants from the relevant sectors, such as the mining industry, marine environment and government will attend the seminar. (Please see seminar background document and programme attached.) The Opening of the Seminar on Tuesday, 17 March 2015 will be addressed by South Africa’s Permanent Representative to the International Seabed Authority and High Commissioner to Jamaica, Ms Mathu Joyini; the Director General of the Department of Mineral Resources, Dr Thibedi Ramontja; and the Secretary-General of the International Seabed Authority, H.E Nii Allotey Odunton.
Views: 171 theDIRCOZA
The development of the Experimental Sea Bed Mining in New Ireland is strongly being push by the PNG Government despite local and national outcry against it. Nautilus Minerals Inc which plans to mine copper and gold from 'high - grade massive sulphide deposits' 30 Km off the West Coast of New Ireland, was granted the world's first mining lease by the Government of Papua New Guinea in 2011. The mining lease cover a sea area of 59km known as Solwara 1. However, the people of New Ireland who has strong traditional connections with their seas and environment do not want the project as they believe it will destroy their very foundation.
Views: 522 BRG Films
Researchers have returned with more than 5000 samples and footage of never-before-seen undersea volcanoes after a three-week voyage in waters off the Bay of Plenty and northeast along the Kermadec Ridge. The NIWA scientists studied four different undersea habitats - seamounts, hydrothermal vents, continental slope and canyons within a 10,000sqkm area. The work is being done to improve understanding of the vulnerability of deep-sea communities to human activities such as seabed drilling, fishing and mining. Voyage leader Dr Malcolm Clark said the trip confirmed that environments in the different deep sea habitats varied in their characteristics, with communities of fauna differing even from other communities that were nearby. "The implication is that the exploitation of one seamount could have an effect that is not the same as the seamount close by," he said. The specimens collected almost certainly included something new, as typically almost 10 per cent of samples caught in the deep sea were new to science or new to New Zealand. Canyons which had not been surveyed before had also been sampled extensively, and it was expected many new discoveries would be made once the samples and photographic data were analysed. The seamounts investigated included Tangaroa, about 200km northeast of Whakatane and part of the Kermadec Ridge. It comes to within about 900 metres of the surface of the ocean, starting from a depth below sea level of about 2000 metres. Specimens including barnacles, mussels, and shrimps taken from Tangaroa seamount were specific to sites with hydrothermal venting, proving the seamount was an active volcano, Clark said. Fifty submarine volcanoes stretch along the Kermadec Ridge, which extends almost 1500km to the edge of the New Zealand EEZ, northeast of the Kermadec Islands. The most southerly of the large seamounts along the ridge is about 100km northeast of Whakatane. Clark said the community on Tangaroa seamount was not unique, but differed from those found on some neighbouring seamounts. Some seamounts had been trawled for orange roughy, and there was also interest in the possibility of mining seamounts in the Kermadec Ridge for a mineral resource called seafloor massive sulphides, which contained high concentrations of copper and zinc, along with gold and silver. Life was plentiful on the seamounts, particularly around the hydrothermal vents, Clark said. The seamounts were hard, rocky places, elevated from the seafloor. The faster currents moving around them brought food particles for animals to eat. In the canyons, which came out from Tauranga and Whakatane, samples had been taken down to around 1500 metres. The canyons could be 200 to 300 metres deeper than the surrounding seafloor and 2km to 3km wide. "They are quite narrow and they channel a lot of water and soft sediment which comes off the land and near-shore coastal areas. They act as almost undersea rivers," Clark said. Little life was seen on the surface of the soft sediment on the seafloor of the canyons, but within the sediment were large numbers and many different types of worms. Samples were collected from the canyon floor using a corer which fired tubes up to 50cm into the seafloor. The tubes were then sealed and returned to the surface. The aim was to have analysis of the samples brought back from the trip, along with those from a survey carried out on the Hikurangi Margin near Cook Strait in 2010, completed within the year. SOURCE: http://www.stuff.co.nz/science/7017410/Life-plentiful-at-undersea-volcanoes
Views: 2462 Royal Wakefield