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What Tardigrades Can Teach Us About Life in the Rainforest
 
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Dr. Meg Lowman climbs hundreds of feet off the ground to reach ecosystems at the very top of the rainforest. Her research sheds new light on these extremely diverse communities of plants and animals, from sloths to butterflies to tiny tardigrades. Experience intense, unique, and sometimes dangerous moments with scientists working in the field, as they explain first-hand the kinds of risks they take to find answers. There's so much more to being a scientist than being stuck in a lab. Watch every Wednesday for new episodes of Science in the Extremes. Can We Perform Surgery in Space? https://youtu.be/hemDWHsEdCw Read More Chasing Sloths Hundreds Of Feet Above The Ground https://www.seeker.com/chasing-sloths-hundreds-of-feet-above-the-ground-1845324204.html "Bryson Voirin is a canopy scientist, meaning he gets paid to climb trees all over the world in the name of science and even entertainment." Wireless Rainforest Network Will Track the Sights and Sounds of Amazon Wildlife https://www.seeker.com/wireless-rainforest-network-will-track-the-sights-and-sounds-of-amazon-2149077452.html "A planned monitoring system aims to capture the true state of biodiversity in South America." Tardigrade ‘Water Bear’ Dries to a Crisp and Then Comes Back to Life https://www.seeker.com/water-bear-dries-to-a-crisp-then-comes-back-to-life-2010359908.html "The aquatic animal's ability to spring back to life from extreme conditions holds promise for new medical treatments." ____________________ Seeker inspires us to see the world through the lens of science and evokes a sense of curiosity, optimism, and adventure. Visit the Seeker website https://www.seeker.com/videos Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker Seeker on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerMedia/ Seeker http://www.seeker.com/
Views: 57534 Seeker
First Animal to Survive in Space
 
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Tardigrades or "Water Bears" are the only creatures that can survive the extreme conditions in the vacuum of outer space. Watch the comments response video here! http://bit.ly/Tardigrades-Response Read more at http://bit.ly/1tdR3PG SPACED OUT - produced by http://Motherboard.vice.com Follow MOTHERBOARD Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/motherboardtv Twitter: http://twitter.com/motherboard Check out the first episode of Spaced Out: http://bit.ly/Spaced-Out-001 Subscribe for new videos everyday: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE Check out our full video catalog: http://www.youtube.com/user/vice/videos Videos, daily editorial and more: http://vice.com Like VICE on Facebook: http://fb.com/vice Follow VICE on Twitter: http://twitter.com/vice Read our tumblr: http://vicemag.tumblr.com
Views: 14321094 VICE
Five Facts About Water Bears
 
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Meet the tough, tubby tardigrades also known as ‘water bears’ or ‘moss piglets’. These nicknames may not strike fear into the hearts of many but these little plump, eight-legged micro-animals have some truly special abilities that makes them worthy contenders for the world’s hardiest animal. Fact #01 – Their scientific name Tardigrada literally means “slow stepper” They were first discovered by the German zoologist Johann August Ephraim Goeze in 1773 who initially dubbed them Kleiner Wasserbär, meaning "little water bear” based on the endearing way they trundle across their chosen habitat. Three years later the term Tardigrada (meaning "slow stepper") was first coined by the Italian biologist Lazzaro Spallanzani. Fact #02 – They have survived all five mass extinction events Yes, they have survived the Ordovician–Silurian extinction events, the Late Devonian extinction, the Permian–Triassic extinction event, the Triassic–Jurassic extinction event and the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event. Tardigrades now form a group of 1,150 species which belong to the phylum Tardigrada, part of the superphylum Ecdysozoa. It is an ancient group, with fossils dating from 530 million years ago, in the Cambrian period when the first complex animals were just evolving. Dinosaurs, in comparison, first appeared about 230 million years ago, making T. rex and co. the relative new kids on the block. Fact #03 – They can survive temperatures above 150°C and below -200°C In the 1920s, a Benedictine friar named Gilbert Franz Rahm brought tardigrades back to life after heating them to 151 °C for 15 minutes. The most heat-tolerant organisms known are bacteria that live around the edges of hydrothermal vents in the deep sea. They can still grow at 122 °C. If Rahm is to be believed, tardigrades can survive even higher temperatures. Rahm also tested them in the cold. He immersed them in liquid air at -200 °C for 21 months, in liquid nitrogen at -253 °C for 26 hours, and in liquid helium at -272 °C for 8 hours. Afterwards the tardigrades sprang back to life as soon as they came into contact with water. To put that into perspective, the lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth was a balmy -89.2 °C in central Antarctica in 1983. The tardigrades coped with a profound chill that at which atoms come to a virtual standstill. Fact #04 – They can reach a state of suspended animation by dropping metabolism, expelling water and forming a ‘tun’ What makes tardigrades so tough? One word: cryptobiosis. Translated literally, cryptobiosis means “hidden life,” and that’s exactly what it is: a form of suspended animation in which organisms can go on living even as they look dead. To reach this state they reach an advanced state of desiccation by dropping their water content can drop to 1-3 percent of normal and curling into a dehydrated ball, called a tun, by retracting their head and legs. While in cryptobiosis, tardigrades' metabolic activity gets as low as 0.01 percent of normal levels, and their organs are protected by a sugary gel called trehalose. This sugar forms a glass-like state inside their cells that stabilises key components, such as proteins and membranes, which would otherwise be destroyed. New research has found that some tardigrades use a class of proteins called intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) which also form protective glass-like solids. Fact #005 – In September 2007, researcher launched two species of dehydrated tardigrades into space. After 10 days in orbit, most of the specimens in one species were revived within 30 minutes of being rehydrated. Back in September of 2007, researchers from Sweden’s Kristianstad University launched two species of dehydrated tardigrades aboard ESA’s FOTON-M3, an unmanned mission that carried varieties of experimental payload. After ten days of orbiting, the FOTON-M3 satellite made its way safely to the Earth. The scientists found that majority of the specimens in one species (around 68 percent) were successfully revived after just 30 minutes of being rehydrated. These specimens even went on to hatch their eggs. Water bear don’t care. Website: http://www.marinescoop.com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/themarinesco... Twitter: https://twitter.com/MarineScoop (@MarineScoop) Visit marinescoop.com and subscribe for more! Music Credit: Jazz Beat by TROMABEATS (https://soundcloud.com/tromabeats/) Video Credits (Timestamp/Video link/Channel): 00:10 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oGCoeOwG4qA (Ragdoll Studio LLC) 00:14 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2gOcQMJQB8 (National Geographic) 00:25 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8Ij9xboreA (Dinosaurs) 00:34 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjV2WP0wkvo (Industrial0MotionArt) 00:43 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ecaZFSwMkXI (Craig Smith) 00:49 - http://youtube.com/watch?v=3nFee4iu5Us (Daiki D. Horikawa) Thumbnail Image Credit: Ragdoll Studios LLC (see above)
Views: 7161 Marine Scoop
The water bear (tardigrade), the most extreme animal on our planet
 
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Meet the water bear, the world thoughest animal. Measuring only some 0.1 to 1.5mm, this tiny creature resembles a minature bear. Read all about it at http://mudfooted.com/water-bear-world-toughest-animal/ Watch more fascinating animal video's at http://www.youtube.com/user/Mudfooted
Views: 823849 Mudfooted
Chemical reactions introduction | Chemistry of life | Biology | Khan Academy
 
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Reactants and products in reversible and irreversible chemical reactions. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/water-acids-and-bases/hydrogen-bonding-in-water/v/hydrogen-bonding-in-water?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=biology Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/chemistry--of-life/chemical-bonds-and-reactions/v/intermolecular-forces-and-molecular-bonds?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=biology Biology on Khan Academy: Life is beautiful! From atoms to cells, from genes to proteins, from populations to ecosystems, biology is the study of the fascinating and intricate systems that make life possible. Dive in to learn more about the many branches of biology and why they are exciting and important. Covers topics seen in a high school or first-year college biology course. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Biology channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC82qE46vcTn7lP4tK_RHhdg?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 589804 Khan Academy
Cryptobiosis | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptobiosis 00:00:35 1 Forms 00:00:44 1.1 Anhydrobiosis 00:05:07 1.2 Anoxybiosis 00:09:15 1.3 Chemobiosis 00:09:35 1.4 Cryobiosis 00:10:27 1.5 Osmobiosis 00:10:59 2 Examples 00:12:09 3 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7814145671317285 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-F "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Cryptobiosis is a metabolic state of life entered by an organism in response to adverse environmental conditions such as desiccation, freezing, and oxygen deficiency. In the cryptobiotic state, all measurable metabolic processes stop, preventing reproduction, development, and repair. When environmental conditions return to being hospitable, the organism will return to its metabolic state of life as it was prior to the cryptobiosis.
Views: 5 wikipedia tts
Trehalose
 
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Trehalose, also known as mycose or tremalose, is a natural alpha-linked disaccharide formed by an α,α-1,1-glucoside bond between two α-glucose units. In 1832, H.A.L. Wiggers discovered trehalose in an ergot of rye, and in 1859 Marcellin Berthelot isolated it from trehala manna, a substance made by weevils, and named it trehalose. It can be synthesised by bacteria, fungi, plants, and invertebrate animals. It is implicated in anhydrobiosis — the ability of plants and animals to withstand prolonged periods of desiccation. It has high water retention capabilities, and is used in food and cosmetics. The sugar is thought to form a gel phase as cells dehydrate, which prevents disruption of internal cell organelles, by effectively splinting them in position. Rehydration then allows normal cellular activity to be resumed without the major, lethal damage that would normally follow a dehydration/rehydration cycle. Trehalose has the added advantage of being an antioxidant. Extracting trehalose was once a difficult and costly process, but circa the year 2000, the Hayashibara company confirmed an inexpensive extraction technology from starch for mass production. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 2462 Audiopedia
5 Animals With Superpowers | What the Stuff?!
 
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Some animals have superpowers seemingly straight out of a comic book! 10 Superhero Powers of the Animal Kingdom: http://animals.howstuffworks.com/animal-facts/10-animal-superpowers.htm Video Attribution: The Princess Bride Blu-ray CLIP - Have Fun Storming The Castle (2012) - Cary Elwes Movie HD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRsSYpN093c Boss fight idea for Marvel Heroes - Mr. Sinister and Multiple Man http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lj-lEAxFHgE Mimic Octopus http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7JccVCLD2bY Music Attribution: "The Great Break-off" by The Insider https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pDxxFlBaIdE Image Attribution: Tardigrade 1 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8b/Waterbear_%28Tardigrade%29_from_the_drainage_of_a_hot_spring_in_Lassen_County%2C_California_-_Stacked_Macro_10x.jpg Tardigrade 2 https://www.flickr.com/photos/saguaronps/6289953860 Tardigrade 3 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/SEM_image_of_Milnesium_tardigradum_in_active_state_-_journal.pone.0045682.g001-2.png What the Stuff?! episodes are available every Monday and Friday at Noon ET. Subscribe http://bit.ly/1AWgeM7 Twitter https://twitter.com/HowStuffWorks Facebook https://www.facebook.com/HowStuffWorks Google+ https://plus.google.com/+howstuffworks Website http://www.howstuffworks.com Watch More https://www.youtube.com/HowStuffWorks Animals are amazing. Right? They can do all sorts of strange, fascinating things. Some even have super powers – extraordinary abilities that sound like something out of a comic book. First, there’s the seemingly innocent wood frog, or Rana sylvatica. Pretty boring, huh? Most of its days are spent doing, you know, frog stuff like jumping & climbing. Nothing to see here. Until, that is, the first sign of freeze. Then they become the Rip Van Winkles of amphibians. As soon as they feel serious cold, they freeze. Literally. The water in their bodies turns to ice, while the syrup-like liquid inside their cells remains viscous. A wood frog seems dead: no organ function, no breath. But to paraphrase The Princess Bride, this frog is only mostly dead. Once spring comes, it springs to life, no harm done. Then there are water bears. Don’t let the cutesy name fool you. Also called Tardigrades, these guys are the opposite of cuddly. See that? Good thing they’re microscopic. They can adapt to the craziest environments on (and off) the planet. We’re talking pressures more than six times that of the deepest ocean and water temperatures of 300 degrees F. They can even survive in space. This super power, cryptobiosis, allows a water bear to dehydrate and live for years. Once you add water, boom: Back in action. Kind of like a sea monkey. But do water bears learn anything? The planarian certainly does. This flatworm lives in water around the globe, and it has super memory. If you cut off any part of a planarian, each part can regenerate into a new worm. But that’s not all. One study "taught" a planarian to be attracted to light. Researchers guillotined it and waited for a new head to grow back. The worm with a new head and brain kept the attraction to light, meaning the new brain had old memories. It’s a real-life version of the Jamie Madrox, the Multiple Man from Marvel comics. Then there’s the naked mole rat, or Heterocephalus glaber. This creature hides amazing abilities under its wrinkly skin. Science magazine named it Vertebrate of the Year in 2013. Why? Well, it seems to be immune to cancer. Mole rats have a heavy form of the substance hyaluronon between tissues that impedes tumors, which may partially explain why they can live up to 30 years. Last but not least, we’ve got the mimic octopus, or Thaumoctopus mimicus: a shape-shifter, like Mystique in the X-men films. Many members of the octopus family change colors or skin texture. But the mimic takes this a step further and actually impersonates other animals, from sea snakes to lionfish. Researchers believe that the mimic decides which animals are most suitable to imitate at any given time based on the threat. And that’s just scratching the surface. If you’d like to learn more about everything from hairy Wolverine frogs to beetles with super strength, check out our article “10 Superhero Powers of the Animal Kingdom” – and be sure to subscribe for more What The Stuff every week.
Views: 38247 HowStuffWorks
WARFORGED - Nightfall Came [Official Music Video 2019]
 
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'Nightfall Came' taken from the upcoming album "I: Voice" In stores May 10th, 2019. PRE-ORDER 'I: Voice' Here: Merch: http://smarturl.it/WARFORGED-VOICE Bandcamp: http://smarturl.it/WARFORGED-BANDCAMP Bandcamp: https://Warforged.bandcamp.com Facebook: https://facebook.com/Warforgedband Instagram: @warforgedband Twitter: @warforgedband Genre: Progressive Blackened Death Metal Country: US FFO: Portal, Ulcerate, Opeth, Lantlôs Song Tabs: http://smarturl.it/Nightfall_Came-Tabs Filmed & Edited by Adrian Perez Special thanks to Bill Fay / WTF Customs, Danny Rodriguez / Through The Eyes Of The Dead, Navene Koperweis / Entheos, Dave Kirsch Thanks for watching. Don’t forget to subscribe! -The Artisan Era www.theartisanerastore.com www.theartisanera.com --------------------------------------------- #warforged #voice #musicvideo
Views: 14654 The Artisan Era
Mycobiont | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lichen 00:03:28 1 Pronunciation and etymology 00:04:12 2 Growth forms 00:08:12 2.1 Color 00:10:52 2.2 Internal structure and growth forms 00:17:48 3 Physiology 00:17:57 3.1 Symbiotic relation 00:23:55 3.2 Ecology 00:25:17 3.2.1 Miniature ecosystem and holobiont theory 00:27:10 3.2.2 Lichenicolous fungi 00:27:38 3.3 Reaction to water 00:28:08 3.4 Metabolites, metabolite structures and bioactivity 00:28:48 3.5 Growth rate 00:29:19 3.6 Life span 00:30:11 3.7 Response to environmental stress 00:32:03 4 Reproduction and dispersal 00:32:13 4.1 Vegetative reproduction 00:33:49 4.2 Sexual reproduction 00:38:05 5 Taxonomy and classification 00:40:58 5.1 Fungi 00:42:29 5.2 Photobionts 00:47:15 5.3 Controversy over classification method and species names 00:50:57 5.4 Diversity 00:52:20 5.5 Identification methods 00:53:00 5.6 Evolution and paleontology 00:56:51 6 Ecology and interactions with environment 00:57:02 6.1 Substrates and habitats 01:00:56 6.2 Lichens and soils 01:02:19 6.3 Ecological interactions 01:06:11 6.4 Effects of air pollution 01:08:36 7 Human use 01:08:46 7.1 Food 01:10:31 7.2 Lichenometry 01:12:02 7.3 Biodegradation 01:12:31 7.4 As dyes 01:13:56 7.5 Traditional medicine and research 01:15:11 7.6 Aesthetic appeal 01:16:01 7.7 In literature 01:16:44 8 History 01:18:46 9 Gallery 01:18:55 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7898949936944959 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A lichen (, LEYE-ken but in UK often , LICH-en) is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi species in a mutualistic relationship. The combined lichen has properties different from those of its component organisms. Lichens come in many colors, sizes, and forms. The properties are sometimes plant-like, but lichens are not plants. Lichens may have tiny, leafless branches (fruticose), flat leaf-like structures (foliose), flakes that lie on the surface like peeling paint (crustose), a powder-like appearance (leprose), or other growth forms.A macrolichen is a lichen that is either bush-like or leafy; all other lichens are termed microlichens. Here, "macro" and "micro" do not refer to size, but to the growth form. Common names for lichens may contain the word moss (e.g., "reindeer moss", "Iceland moss"), and lichens may superficially look like and grow with mosses, but lichens are not related to mosses or any plant. Lichens do not have roots that absorb water and nutrients as plants do, but like plants, they produce their own nutrition by photosynthesis. When they grow on plants, they do not live as parasites, but instead use the plants as a substrate. Lichens occur from sea level to high alpine elevations, in many environmental conditions, and can grow on almost any surface. Lichens are abundant growing on bark, leaves, mosses, on other lichens, and hanging from branches "living on thin air" (epiphytes) in rain forests and in temperate woodland. They grow on rock, walls, gravestones, roofs, exposed soil surfaces, and in the soil as part of a biological soil crust. Different kinds of lichens have adapted to survive in some of the most extreme environments on Earth: arctic tundra, hot dry deserts, rocky coasts, and toxic slag heaps. They can even live inside solid rock, growing between the grains. It is estimated that 6% of Earth's land surface is covered by lichens. There are about 20,000 known species of lichens. Some lichens have lost the ability to reproduce sexually, yet continue to speciate. Lichens can be seen as being relatively self-contained miniature ecosystems, where the fungi, algae, or cyanobacteria have the potential to engage with other microorganisms in a functioning system that may evolve as an even more complex composite organism.Lichens may be long-lived, with some considered to be among the oldest living things. T ...
Views: 16 wikipedia tts
33 Amazing Toy Facts - mental_floss on YouTube (Ep.216)
 
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A weekly show where knowledge junkies get their fix of trivia-tastic information. This week, John shares fun facts about toys! Mental Floss Video on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/mf_video Select Images and Footage provided by Shutterstock: www.shutterstock.com ---- Website: http://www.mentalfloss.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/mental_floss Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/mentalflossma... Store: http://store.mentalfloss.com/ (enter promo code: "YoutubeFlossers" for 15% off!)
Views: 848225 Mental Floss
What Exactly are Sea Monkeys?
 
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→Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/TodayIFoundOut?sub_confirmation=1 →How "Dick" came to be short for 'Richard': https://youtu.be/BH1NAwwKtcg?list=PLR0XuDegDqP2Acy6g9Ta7hzC0Rr3RDS6q Never run out of things to say at the water cooler with TodayIFoundOut! Brand new videos 7 days a week! More from TodayIFoundOut Working for Figurative Peanuts and Literal Beer- the Fascinating Story of Jack the Signal”man” https://youtu.be/EORNBYrBixs?list=PLR0XuDegDqP2yEk58fgohft2Z1nhcmwis The Critically Acclaimed Artist Who Turned Out to Be a Chimpanzee https://youtu.be/af2yvR4hVd8?list=PLR0XuDegDqP2yEk58fgohft2Z1nhcmwis In this video: The product of a collaboration between a marketer and inventor and a marine biologist, Sea-Monkeys are a hybrid of several species of brine shrimp (Artemia), bred to have a particularly long dormant period, as well as to foster a large swarm. Want the text version?: http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2016/07/history-sea-monkeys/ Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_von_Braunhut https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brine_shrimp http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/17/magazine/the-battle-over-the-sea-monkey-fortune.html?_r=0 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptobiosis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instant_Fish https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea-Monkeys http://nypost.com/2013/10/06/sea-monkeys-creators-widow-sues-over-royalties/ http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/life/columnist/popcandy/2003-07-15-pop-candy_x.htm http://www.livescience.com/33907-sea-monkeys.html http://digitaldigging.net/dances-with-sea-monkeys-the-highly-unlikely-life-and-times-of-harold-von-braunhut/ http://www.seamonkeyworship.com/creator.html https://theawl.com/the-shocking-true-tale-of-the-mad-genius-who-invented-sea-monkeys-9105de87d446#.q04m52icu http://www.nytimes.com/2003/12/21/us/harold-von-braunhut-seller-of-sea-monkeys-dies-at-77.html http://www.missedinhistory.com/podcasts/the-dark-legacy-of-sea-monkeys/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-Ray_Specs_(novelty)
Views: 813043 Today I Found Out
Phycobiont | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:29:52
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lichen 00:03:59 1 Pronunciation and etymology 00:04:48 2 Growth forms 00:09:26 2.1 Color 00:12:28 2.2 Internal structure and growth forms 00:20:23 3 Physiology 00:20:32 3.1 Symbiotic relation 00:27:16 3.2 Ecology 00:28:48 3.2.1 Miniature ecosystem and holobiont theory 00:30:57 3.2.2 Lichenicolous fungi 00:31:27 3.3 Reaction to water 00:32:00 3.4 Metabolites, metabolite structures and bioactivity 00:32:45 3.5 Growth rate 00:33:19 3.6 Life span 00:34:17 3.7 Response to environmental stress 00:36:22 4 Reproduction and dispersal 00:36:33 4.1 Vegetative reproduction 00:38:21 4.2 Sexual reproduction 00:43:16 5 Taxonomy and classification 00:46:27 5.1 Fungi 00:48:10 5.2 Photobionts 00:53:35 5.3 Controversy over classification method and species names 00:57:45 5.4 Diversity 00:59:21 5.5 Identification methods 01:00:06 5.6 Evolution and paleontology 01:04:27 6 Ecology and interactions with environment 01:04:39 6.1 Substrates and habitats 01:09:08 6.2 Lichens and soils 01:10:44 6.3 Ecological interactions 01:15:09 6.4 Effects of air pollution 01:17:54 7 Human use 01:18:03 7.1 Food 01:20:01 7.2 Lichenometry 01:21:43 7.3 Biodegradation 01:22:15 7.4 As dyes 01:23:53 7.5 Traditional medicine and research 01:25:17 7.6 Aesthetic appeal 01:26:14 7.7 In literature 01:27:03 8 History 01:29:22 9 Gallery 01:29:31 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7219904997142711 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A lichen (, LEYE-ken but in UK often , LICH-en) is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi species in a mutualistic relationship. The combined lichen has properties different from those of its component organisms. Lichens come in many colors, sizes, and forms. The properties are sometimes plant-like, but lichens are not plants. Lichens may have tiny, leafless branches (fruticose), flat leaf-like structures (foliose), flakes that lie on the surface like peeling paint (crustose), a powder-like appearance (leprose), or other growth forms.A macrolichen is a lichen that is either bush-like or leafy; all other lichens are termed microlichens. Here, "macro" and "micro" do not refer to size, but to the growth form. Common names for lichens may contain the word moss (e.g., "reindeer moss", "Iceland moss"), and lichens may superficially look like and grow with mosses, but lichens are not related to mosses or any plant. Lichens do not have roots that absorb water and nutrients as plants do, but like plants, they produce their own nutrition by photosynthesis. When they grow on plants, they do not live as parasites, but instead use the plants as a substrate. Lichens occur from sea level to high alpine elevations, in many environmental conditions, and can grow on almost any surface. Lichens are abundant growing on bark, leaves, mosses, on other lichens, and hanging from branches "living on thin air" (epiphytes) in rain forests and in temperate woodland. They grow on rock, walls, gravestones, roofs, exposed soil surfaces, and in the soil as part of a biological soil crust. Different kinds of lichens have adapted to survive in some of the most extreme environments on Earth: arctic tundra, hot dry deserts, rocky coasts, and toxic slag heaps. They can even live inside solid rock, growing between the grains. It is estimated that 6% of Earth's land surface is covered by lichens. There are about 20,000 known species of lichens. Some lichens have lost the ability to reproduce sexually, yet continue to speciate. Lichens can be seen as being relatively self-contained miniature ecosystems, where the fungi, algae, or cyanobacteria have the potential to engage with other microorganisms in a functioning system that may evolve as an even more complex composite organism.Lichens may be long-lived, with some considered to be among the oldest living things. T ...
Views: 1 wikipedia tts
Cryostasis.We can Freeze Time?
 
10:41
Please watch: "Cryptozoology. Phantimals The ghost of long-extinct animals" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kjs9m0hMW3Q --~-- Space travel has to be where humanities future lays. We keep reproducing at an alarming rate and if we want to break free of the finite resources of this planet, we need more space, we need to head for the stars. This channel covers many conspiracies including Alien life and UFOs these ships being reported to have technologies which allow them to cover the vast distances of interstellar travel, we do not. So with this being said is there a way we could work around the time and distance problem? Well there could be and we see it used in many movies and book Stasis, cryosleep, and hibernation it gets a new name each time it’s used. This technology allowing space travelers to sleep or basically be frozen in time while a massive journey takes place. Let’s forget some of the other problems, like time still moving for those outside of the pod etc. and just look at this look as a possibility. Are we on the edge of having the ability to freeze time for an individual? IF The only question we ever need. https://www.youtube.com/c/WeareIF?sub_confirmation=1 Creating YouTube content to intrigue, fascinate and amuse. Speculation, education and imagination.Wondering how, what or 'IF' *Videos Posted Weekly* #weareif #cryostasis #hypersleep ******************************************************************** SOCIAL MEDIA: https://www.patreon.com/IF https://patreon.com/invite/lmnqgn https://www.facebook.com/weareif4u/ https://plus.google.com/+WeareIF4u http://www.weareif.biz/ https://twitter.com/IF4US SUPPORT THE CHANNEL: https://paypal.me/IFEntertainment "many thanks" ******************************************************************** All videos produced with help from Tube-buddy a must for every You Tuber. https://www.tubebuddy.com/WeRiF tags:cryostasis if we can freeze time?,cryostasis,we can freeze time,freeze time?,cryosleep meaning,cryogenic sleep,cryogenic sleep chamber,cryogenics,cryosleep possible,cryogenic sleep possible,hypersleep,cryosleep nasa,is hypersleep possible,human torpor,torpor space,suspended animation,freeze time,cryogenic freezing,cryostasis science,cryogenic sleep is it possible,cryogenics human freezing,hypersleep alien,hypersleep chamber,frozen effect after effects
Views: 535 We are IF
The Oldest Question: Is There Life Beyond Earth?
 
01:14:12
Christopher D. Impey, Distinguished Professor, Astronomy/Steward Observatory, The University of Arizona. Presented March 8, 2011. Our reconstruction of the chronology of events that led to the origin of the Earth and subsequent chemical evolution on our planet informs us that nothing unusual was required for the origin and development of terrestrial life, and that therefore life may be pervasive throughout the cosmos. Whether extraterrestrial life exists is so ancient and beguiling a question that humankind is actively seeking the answer in its explorations of the planetary systems in our solar system. It may one day transpire that we discover that genesis has occurred, independently, not once but twice in our solar system. At that point, we could safely infer that life is a fundamental feature of our universe ... along with dark matter, supernovae, and black holes. Cosmic Origins is the story of the universe but it's also our story. Hear about origin of space and time, mass and energy, the atoms in our bodies, the compact objects where matter can end up, and the planets and moons where life may flourish. Modern cosmology includes insights and triumphs, but mysteries remain. Join the six speakers who will explore cosmology's historical and cultural backdrop to explain the discoveries that speak of our cosmic origins. http://cos.arizona.edu/cosmic
Brine shrimp
 
09:35
Artemia is a genus of aquatic crustaceans known as brine shrimp. Artemia, the only genus in the family Artemiidae, has changed little externally since the Triassic period. The historical record of the existence of Artemia dates back to 982 from Urmia Lake, Iran, although the first unambiguous record is the report and drawings made by Schlösser in 1756 of animals from Lymington, England. Artemia populations are found worldwide in inland saltwater lakes, but not in oceans. Artemia are able to avoid cohabiting with most types of predators, such as fish, by their ability to live in waters of very high salinity (up to 25%). The ability of the Artemia to produce dormant eggs, known as cysts, has led to extensive use of Artemia in aquaculture. The cysts may be stored for long periods and hatched on demand to provide a convenient form of live feed for larval fish and crustaceans. Nauplii of the brine shrimp Artemia constitute the most widely used food item, and over 2000 tonnes of dry Artemia cysts are marketed worldwide annually. In addition, the resilience of Artemia makes them ideal animals for running biological toxicity assays and it is now one of the standard organisms for testing the toxicity of chemicals. A breed of Artemia is sold as a novelty gift under the marketing name Sea-Monkeys. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 373 Audiopedia
Yelawolf - Johnny Cash (Official Music Video)
 
04:16
Get Yelawolf's "Love Story" - http://smarturl.it/YelaLoveStory Sign up for updates: http://smarturl.it/Yelawolf.News Music video by Yelawolf performing Johnny Cash. (C) 2015 Interscope Records http://www.vevo.com/watch/USUV71400880 Best of Yelawolf: https://goo.gl/vy7NZQ Subscribe here: https://goo.gl/ynkVDL #Yelawolf #JohnnyCash #Vevo #HipHop #OfficialMusicVideo
Views: 11549676 YelawolfVEVO
My Aqua Dragons are dead or dying
 
02:24
Watch this to see what to do if your Aqua Dragons are dying. Aqua Dragons are real live aquatic creatures that you can hatch and grow at home. Their scientific name is Artemia Salinas, and they have been living in the sea and salty lakes for millions of years; right back to the time when dinosaurs roamed the Earth! From the crustacea family, Aqua Dragons look like tiny three eyed, long tailed, hairy headed dragons that grow up to 2cm long. Their eggs have an amazing capacity called cryptobiosis which means they can dry out and stay alive only to hatch many years later. Tests have found that eggs kept in air sealed containers for up to 20 years still hatched when they were returned to water. The Aqua Dragons line of products enables children and animal lovers of all ages to hatch and grow a generation of these amazing creatures at home. Just add water and they miraculously hatch within just 2-3 days. Initially your hatchlings will be microscopic but within 5-7 days you should be able to see them. They are fascinating to watch as they swim and play graciously in their aquatic underwater world.
Views: 981 BrainstormLtd
Sync24 - Waiting
 
04:58
Sync24 - Waiting From Album [Albedo] Album: http://ultimae.bandcamp.com/album/albedo
Views: 6796 AmbientHD
Tardigrades and Bonus Leeuwenhoek: Bite Sci-zed
 
07:00
Tardigrades are adorable BAMFs. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BiteSciZed Twitter: https://twitter.com/AlexDainis Check back every Monday for a new Bite Sci-zed chunk of science! Where to buy stuffed tardigrades: http://www.etsy.com/listing/118955740/plush-tardigrade-orange-and-yellow-water http://www.giantmicrobes.com/uk/products/waterbear.html Sources: http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/12855775 http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/science/2012/09/how-does-the-tiny-waterbear-survive-in-outer-space/ http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap130306.html http://books.google.com/books?id=7t8IQ1x6x3IC&pg=PA97&lpg=PA97&dq=On+certain+animalcules+found+in+the+sediments+in+gutter+of+the+roofs+of+houses&source=bl&ots=sB1PcXXZEe&sig=4EBTv-XxhKxU3ph23FHA2GDfvWU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=u-Y7UdDSAcbw0QH-qIH4CQ&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=On%20certain%20animalcules%20found%20in%20the%20sediments%20in%20gutter%20of%20the%20roofs%20of%20houses&f=false Adult Tardigrade image used under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 generic license. Found at: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Adult_tardigrade.jpg Author: Goldstein Lab, September 28, 2009 Tun image used under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 generic license. Found at: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hypsibiusdujardini.jpg Author: Gabriel and Goldstein, June 18, 2007 NASA APOD Page from March 6, 2013 found here: http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap130306.html First Tardigrade image credit the ESA, found here: http://www.nasa.gov/connect/chat/extreme_chat.html C. Elegans Image is public domain, from the NIH, found here: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Enlarged_c_elegans.jpg Drosophila Image used under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 generic license. Found at: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Drosophila_melanogaster_-_side_(aka).jpg Author: Andre Karwath, July 16, 2005 Leeuwenhoek image is public domain, from the NIH, found here: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anton_van_Leeuwenhoek.png
Views: 6744 Alex Dainis
Photobiont | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:13:35
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lichen 00:03:14 1 Pronunciation and etymology 00:03:55 2 Growth forms 00:07:39 2.1 Color 00:10:06 2.2 Internal structure and growth forms 00:16:29 3 Physiology 00:16:38 3.1 Symbiotic relation 00:22:07 3.2 Ecology 00:23:22 3.2.1 Miniature ecosystem and holobiont theory 00:25:08 3.2.2 Lichenicolous fungi 00:25:34 3.3 Reaction to water 00:26:02 3.4 Metabolites, metabolite structures and bioactivity 00:26:40 3.5 Growth rate 00:27:08 3.6 Life span 00:27:57 3.7 Response to environmental stress 00:29:39 4 Reproduction and dispersal 00:29:49 4.1 Vegetative reproduction 00:31:19 4.2 Sexual reproduction 00:35:20 5 Taxonomy and classification 00:37:57 5.1 Fungi 00:39:23 5.2 Photobionts 00:43:47 5.3 Controversy over classification method and species names 00:47:12 5.4 Diversity 00:48:31 5.5 Identification methods 00:49:08 5.6 Evolution and paleontology 00:52:40 6 Ecology and interactions with environment 00:52:51 6.1 Substrates and habitats 00:56:30 6.2 Lichens and soils 00:57:49 6.3 Ecological interactions 01:01:24 6.4 Effects of air pollution 01:03:39 7 Human use 01:03:48 7.1 Food 01:05:24 7.2 Lichenometry 01:06:48 7.3 Biodegradation 01:07:15 7.4 As dyes 01:08:36 7.5 Traditional medicine and research 01:09:45 7.6 Aesthetic appeal 01:10:31 7.7 In literature 01:11:12 8 History 01:13:07 9 Gallery 01:13:16 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.866788828955488 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-E "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A lichen (, LEYE-ken but in UK often , LICH-en) is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi species in a mutualistic relationship. The combined lichen has properties different from those of its component organisms. Lichens come in many colors, sizes, and forms. The properties are sometimes plant-like, but lichens are not plants. Lichens may have tiny, leafless branches (fruticose), flat leaf-like structures (foliose), flakes that lie on the surface like peeling paint (crustose), a powder-like appearance (leprose), or other growth forms.A macrolichen is a lichen that is either bush-like or leafy; all other lichens are termed microlichens. Here, "macro" and "micro" do not refer to size, but to the growth form. Common names for lichens may contain the word moss (e.g., "reindeer moss", "Iceland moss"), and lichens may superficially look like and grow with mosses, but lichens are not related to mosses or any plant. Lichens do not have roots that absorb water and nutrients as plants do, but like plants, they produce their own nutrition by photosynthesis. When they grow on plants, they do not live as parasites, but instead use the plants as a substrate. Lichens occur from sea level to high alpine elevations, in many environmental conditions, and can grow on almost any surface. Lichens are abundant growing on bark, leaves, mosses, on other lichens, and hanging from branches "living on thin air" (epiphytes) in rain forests and in temperate woodland. They grow on rock, walls, gravestones, roofs, exposed soil surfaces, and in the soil as part of a biological soil crust. Different kinds of lichens have adapted to survive in some of the most extreme environments on Earth: arctic tundra, hot dry deserts, rocky coasts, and toxic slag heaps. They can even live inside solid rock, growing between the grains. It is estimated that 6% of Earth's land surface is covered by lichens. There are about 20,000 known species of lichens. Some lichens have lost the ability to reproduce sexually, yet continue to speciate. Lichens can be seen as being relatively self-contained miniature ecosystems, where the fungi, algae, or cyanobacteria have the potential to engage with other microorganisms in a functioning system that may evolve as an even more complex composite organism.Lichens may be long-lived, with some considered to be among the oldest living things. Th ...
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Anhydrobiosis Movie 101
 
07:15
An analysis of the biochemistry in Anhydrobiosis. Note* I DO NOT claim ownership of any copyrighted music or media used in this presentation! I hereby intentionally give up my right to profit from this video in ANY monetary form.
Views: 310 Nick Tsihlias
Fetus Rape - Brain Worms Incubation
 
03:19
Genre: Death / Grind Location: Bulgaria Official website : http://fetusrape.fourfour.com
Views: 1184 Fetus Rape
03 Sync 24 - Memory Bubble [Central Processing Unit]
 
04:44
Download: http://ks.kud.li/cpu00001111 Subscribe: http://sb.kud.li/cpuoutput Official stream from Central Processing Unit. Distributed by Kudos Records. On iTunes: http://it.kud.li/cpu00001111 On Amazon: http://az.kud.li/cpu00001111 More music playlists: http://pl.kud.li/cpuoutput Album: Twilight Zones [EP] Track: 3 of 4 Title: Memory Bubble Artist: Sync 24 Label: Central Processing Unit Cat#: CPU00001111 Formats: 12"/Digital Digital Release: 8th December 2014 Physical Release: 8th December 2014 About This Release: Sync 24 aka Phil Bolland is taking a break from his Cultivated Electronics label to get some well deserved binary treatment. Starting out on Andrea Parker's UK electro imprint Touchin' Bass, Phil has consistently produced electro of the highest caliber, be it his solo efforts or remixes for Morphology and Exaltics to name a few.   Twilight Zones - 4 tracks of raw electro with an experimental approach, pushing the genre into what can only be described as ice cold circuit bent funk.
Views: 1234 CPU Records
Bitcoin Crypto News | Ripple Skyrockets & Japan Hacked
 
07:54
Latest Bitcoin and Crypto News. Ripple XRP news update, price spike 140%. Big Hack in Japan. Venezuelans investing in Cryptos. Three Crypto Exchanges failing to provide consumer protections. 🙏Thank you so much for spending your time to watch this video and please don't forget to LIKE & SUBSCRIBE. See you in the next video.✌ I Hope you enjoyed the video. If so, please share it with your friends and family. 😎Stay up to date with today's revolutionary Blockchain Technology by subscribing to my channel and always get the most recent updates by ringing the bell. On this channel, you will watch Bitcoin & other Cryptocurrency News, Technical Analysis, Trading Tips, Trading Signals, and Price Predictions. ●▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬● 🙏I will appreciate any donations to my channel. Every little bit helps. Thank You! 🙂 ✔️₿ITCOIN 1CKFuEeqzQR8Bv9cvVjtxFbnZkPueiRJwr ✔️ LITECOIN LcmJTKEz4LmZ7j7UaKCFB6zdmH2vKzWWyS ✔️ ETHEREUM 0x4cbe86df99bcd89b2016c3892e52c8fb9d4dc6c8 ✔️XRP rKfzfrk1RsUxWmHimWyNwk8AoWHoFneu4m/ Destination Tag: 963444220 ✔️DASH XukafF46YdoRvgYDHWJQHtFakZvcZtTQjD ✔️PayPal: paypal.me/BitcoinCryptoShow ●▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬● 🚩 DISCLAIMER: This video and description may contain affiliate links, which means that if you click on one of the product links, I’ll receive a small commission. This helps support the channel and allows us to continue to make videos like this. Thank you for the support! £(AMAZON LINKS TO THE *BEST* DEALS)£ 💙 Yubico security key https://amzn.to/2QNLfjB 💙 Yubico YubiKey 4 - USB-A, Two Factor Authentication Security Key, black https://amzn.to/2QLdbob 💙 The End of Money: The story of bitcoin, cryptocurrencies and the blockchain revolution (New Scientist Instant Expert) https://amzn.to/2NsZTia 💙 Just HOLD It Cryptocurrency T-Shirt Bitcoin Ethereum Litcoin Ripple BTC (Black, XL) https://amzn.to/2QLl1hv 💙 Indy Visuals Litecoin Cryptocurrency Premium T-Shirt ETH Money XRP Bitcoin Ripple Iota S-5XL - Sports - XL https://amzn.to/2OEcPy1 💙 In Crypto We Trust Bitcoin Cryptocurrency T-shirt https://amzn.to/2xG0gLE 💙 Ethereum ETH Cryptocurrency Tee Shirt https://amzn.to/2xqvYNg ●▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬● RECOMMENDED CRYPTO EXCHANGES: If you're looking to start buying Bitcoin, Coinbase is the preferred and safest option available to the US and Europe. ▶Please join Coinbase using this link for free $10: https://www.coinbase.com/join/5a3a545548cb6402f3cf7c39 Coinmama is one of the best exchange to buy Bitcoin and Ethereum with credit card in the fastest, easiest and safest way online! Buying BTC and ETH in 3 simple steps at Coinmama. ▶COINMAMA: http://go.coinmama.com/visit/?bta=53190&nci=5343 To start buying alt coins, Binance IS THE BEST altcoin exchange out there. Please join Binance using this link: ▶https://www.binance.com/?ref=13180000 ●▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬● COLD STORAGE WALLETS TO SECURE YOUR CRYPTOS. 🔒 Trezor: https://shop.trezor.io?a=toksfmgl 🔒 Ledger Nano: https://www.ledger.com?r=2964dc525816 🔒 Ellipal: http://order.ellipal.com/?ref=bitcoincryptoshow 🔒 CoolWallet: https://coolwallet.io/product/coolwallet/?ref=migueladon ●▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬● 🌎 Follow me on Twiter: https://twitter.com/BitcoinCryptoSh ●▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬● 📌DISCLAIMER: This is not Financial Advice, and We are not Financial Advisers, And These are merely the opinions of YouTubers. SOURCE: Cointelegraph
Views: 49 BitcoinCryptoShow
Lichen | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:01:11
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lichen 00:02:38 1 Pronunciation and etymology 00:03:13 2 Growth forms 00:06:19 2.1 Color 00:08:22 2.2 Internal structure and growth forms 00:13:37 3 Physiology 00:13:46 3.1 Symbiotic relation 00:18:14 3.2 Ecology 00:19:17 3.2.1 Miniature ecosystem and holobiont theory 00:20:44 3.2.2 Lichenicolous fungi 00:21:07 3.3 Reaction to water 00:21:32 3.4 Metabolites, metabolite structures and bioactivity 00:22:04 3.5 Growth rate 00:22:30 3.6 Life span 00:23:11 3.7 Response to environmental stress 00:24:37 4 Reproduction and dispersal 00:24:46 4.1 Vegetative reproduction 00:26:01 4.2 Sexual reproduction 00:29:18 5 Taxonomy and classification 00:31:27 5.1 Fungi 00:32:38 5.2 Photobionts 00:36:16 5.3 Controversy over classification method and species names 00:39:05 5.4 Diversity 00:40:12 5.5 Identification methods 00:40:45 5.6 Evolution and paleontology 00:43:41 6 Ecology and interactions with environment 00:43:51 6.1 Substrates and habitats 00:46:50 6.2 Lichens and soils 00:47:56 6.3 Ecological interactions 00:50:53 6.4 Effects of air pollution 00:52:45 7 Human use 00:52:54 7.1 Food 00:54:14 7.2 Lichenometry 00:55:25 7.3 Biodegradation 00:55:49 7.4 As dyes 00:56:56 7.5 Traditional medicine and research 00:57:55 7.6 Aesthetic appeal 00:58:34 7.7 In literature 00:59:09 8 History 01:00:44 9 Gallery 01:00:53 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9197823658739298 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A lichen (, LEYE-ken but in UK often , LICH-en) is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi species in a mutualistic relationship. The combined lichen has properties different from those of its component organisms. Lichens come in many colors, sizes, and forms. The properties are sometimes plant-like, but lichens are not plants. Lichens may have tiny, leafless branches (fruticose), flat leaf-like structures (foliose), flakes that lie on the surface like peeling paint (crustose), a powder-like appearance (leprose), or other growth forms.A macrolichen is a lichen that is either bush-like or leafy; all other lichens are termed microlichens. Here, "macro" and "micro" do not refer to size, but to the growth form. Common names for lichens may contain the word moss (e.g., "reindeer moss", "Iceland moss"), and lichens may superficially look like and grow with mosses, but lichens are not related to mosses or any plant. Lichens do not have roots that absorb water and nutrients as plants do, but like plants, they produce their own nutrition by photosynthesis. When they grow on plants, they do not live as parasites, but instead use the plants as a substrate. Lichens occur from sea level to high alpine elevations, in many environmental conditions, and can grow on almost any surface. Lichens are abundant growing on bark, leaves, mosses, on other lichens, and hanging from branches "living on thin air" (epiphytes) in rain forests and in temperate woodland. They grow on rock, walls, gravestones, roofs, exposed soil surfaces, and in the soil as part of a biological soil crust. Different kinds of lichens have adapted to survive in some of the most extreme environments on Earth: arctic tundra, hot dry deserts, rocky coasts, and toxic slag heaps. They can even live inside solid rock, growing between the grains. It is estimated that 6% of Earth's land surface is covered by lichens. There are about 20,000 known species of lichens. Some lichens have lost the ability to reproduce sexually, yet continue to speciate. Lichens can be seen as being relatively self-contained miniature ecosystems, where the fungi, algae, or cyanobacteria have the potential to engage with other microorganisms in a functioning system that may evolve as an even more complex composite organism.Lichens may be long-lived, with some considered to be among the oldest living things. T ...
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Circumstellar habitable zone | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Circumstellar habitable zone Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= In astronomy and astrobiology, the circumstellar habitable zone (CHZ), or simply the habitable zone, is the range of orbits around a star within which a planetary surface can support liquid water given sufficient atmospheric pressure. The bounds of the CHZ are based on Earth's position in the Solar System and the amount of radiant energy it receives from the Sun. Due to the importance of liquid water to Earth's biosphere, the nature of the CHZ and the objects within it may be instrumental in determining the scope and distribution of Earth-like extraterrestrial life and intelligence. The habitable zone is also called the Goldilocks zone, a metaphor of the children's fairy tale of "Goldilocks and the Three Bears", in which a little girl chooses from sets of three items, ignoring the ones that are too extreme (large or small, hot or cold, etc.), and settling on the one in the middle, which is "just right". Since the concept was first presented in 1953, many stars have been confirmed to possess a CHZ planet, including some systems that consist of multiple CHZ planets. Most such planets, being super-Earths or gas giants, are more massive than Earth, because such planets are easier to detect. On November 4, 2013, astronomers reported, based on Kepler data, that there could be as many as 40 billion Earth-sized planets orbiting in the habitable zones of Sun-like stars and red dwarfs in the Milky Way. 11 billion of these may be orbiting Sun-like stars. Proxima Centauri b, located about 4.2 light-years (1.3 parsecs) from Earth in the constellation of Centaurus, is the nearest known exoplanet, and is orbiting in the habitable zone of its star. The CHZ is also of particular interest to the emerging field of habitability of natural satellites, because planetary-mass moons in the CHZ might outnumber planets.In subsequent decades, the CHZ concept began to be challenged as a primary criterion for life, so the concept is still evolving. Since the discovery of evidence for extraterrestrial liquid water, substantial quantities of it are now thought to occur outside the circumstellar habitable zone. The concept of deep biospheres, like Earth's, that exist independently of stellar energy, are now generally accepted in astrobiology given the large amount of liquid water known to exist within in lithospheres and asthenospheres of the Solar System. Sustained by other energy sources, such as tidal heating or radioactive decay or pressurized by non-atmospheric means, liquid water may be found even on rogue planets, or their moons. Liquid water can also exist at a wider range of temperatures and pressures as a solution, for example with sodium chlorides in seawater on Earth, chlorides and sulphates on equatorial Mars, or ammoniates, due to its different colligative properties. In addition, other circumstellar zones, where non-water solvents favorable to hypothetical life based on alternative biochemistries could exist in liquid form at the surface, have been proposed.
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