Search results “Coal mining in great britain cities”
BBC1 News - UK Coal mining
Views: 49622 UK Coal
Cities Skylines: Ore Mine #2
Welcome to Broken Hill. In this episode I begin construction on the biggest feature of the series. The iron ore mine. Mods and Assets: http://steamcommunity.com/sharedfiles... LUT: Springwood LUT Aussie Assets Collection: http://steamcommunity.com/sharedfiles/filedetails/?id=406084129 Essential Mods 'n' Assets: http://steamcommunity.com/sharedfiles/filedetails/?id=924616461 MAP THEME: Theme Mixer Mod Follow me on: Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/kynanmichaelaeroplane/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/2_dollars_20 MUSIC: Timelapse music by Roulet http://freemusicarchive.org/music/Rou...
Views: 36289 two dollars twenty
Coal, Steam, and The Industrial Revolution: Crash Course World History #32
Mongols Shirts and Crash Course Posters! http://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse In which John Green wraps up revolutions month with what is arguably the most revolutionary of modern revolutions, the Industrial Revolution. While very few leaders were beheaded in the course of this one, it changed the lives of more people more dramatically than any of the political revolutions we've discussed. So, why did the Industrial Revolution happen around 1750 in the United Kingdom? Coal. Easily accessible coal, it turns out. All this, plus you'll finally learn the difference between James Watt and Thomas Newcomen, and will never again be caught telling people that your blender has a 900 Newcomen motor. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 3900666 CrashCourse
Various towns and industries around Britain - Film 6165
Houses at Kent, warehouses in Halifax, Yorkshire pit head, white cliffs. Housing, markets, coal mining, iron mining, foundry, smaller machine shops, ship building, clay mines, Wedgwood china, sheep farming, cotton, mines at work, horse harvesting, beef cattle, cattle market, fishing fleets, Docks in London, very good London streets, St. Pauls Britain's demography, industry and trade in the late 1940s. Titles over the Houses of Parliament in London. Globe and map of Great Britain. Coastal cliffs. Rows of houses on the edge of a town. Rolling Kent countryside- an oast house in the middle distance. Sheep on a moor. A large factory with several chimney stacks. A pit head at a mine. London's Tower Bridge, the Thames busy with boats and quayside cranes. White cliffs near Dover. Map of the Dover Straits, and Britain and Ireland, emphasising geographical and political features. A quaint country town-spired church and leafy street. Pit head inside a sprawling mining town. Suburban homes, a park or sports field in the foreground. Terraced houses - a ' slum area '. Market stall, busy with housewives. An electrician sits outside his parked van. A draughtsman with set square. A middle-class man or gentlemen , relaxing with his pipe and dog. A man with a broad moustache. A road crowded with commuters on foot, cycle and by car. A demographical map of Britain and Ireland a sequence regarding cities follows, and resources after that. Coal miner shovelling coal at the coal face. Coal pours from a conveyor belt into wagons. An open iron ore mine, machinery and wagons. A digger fills an wagon. Map showing overseas supplies. A steel works - huge pipes and components. Inside, molten steel or iron is poured. Workers cast iron into moulds. Molten metal is poured from high up. Huge pincers lift a glowing block of iron or steel. Sheet steel rolls from a machine and is cooled. Workers in a factory operate a machine working on a steel piece. Similar. A rivet is welded on a ship. The riveter at work. Workers carry metal components on the deck of a ship under construction. Construction work at a shipyard. Workers dig and shovel in a clay pit. Two of the men fill a wagon. A potter shapes clay on a wheel. Another. A potter smoothes a nearly finished pot. Another potter applies a relief design to a plate. A shepherd tends his flock. The sheep graze. Similar. World map showing wool supply to Britain. A wool or cotton mill, a female worker puts the wool or cotton on a loom. Closer. The machine or loom spins the material. A woman stands next to a loom. A mill floor full of these machines. A grain farm horses pulling a thresher. Closer. Families of farm labourers pick potatoes. A dairy herd graze on another farm. Farmers and beef cattle at a market. Sheep in pens at a market. The sheep are sold at auction. Fish are unloaded from a trawler. Closer, showing a basket filled with fish. Produce unloaded at a market.. Housewives sort through vegetables at a market. Map showing food imports to Britain. Tugs tow a merchant ship out of port. Merchant ships moored in port, cranes behind them on the quay. Ships and quayside at London Docks, Tower Bridge in the distance. Closer, as one of the ships is unloaded into another ship. Similar. Similar again. A crane hoists a tractor in the air. Another crane lowers a crate. Map showing Britain's harbours and trade, imports and exports. London docks, bristling with ships and cranes. London's city bridges, with a view east to Tower Bridge, and north to the city. St. Paul's Cathedral, seen from the river. A busy London street (possibly Farringdon Street) - bustling with cars and pedestrians. A London city building, pediment and porticoes, probably Mansion House. The Houses of Parliament, seen from the Thames.
Views: 1595 HuntleyFilmArchives
The Industrial Revolution (18-19th Century)
Introduction to some of the elements of the Industrial Revolution, more on this subject to come! The economic developments of the 1800s saw the development of agrarian and handicraft economies in Europe and America transform into industrial urbanised ones. The term to describe this phenomenon would be known as the ‘Industrial Revolution’ and was first used by French writers, but made popular by English economic historian Arnold Toynbee. Please consider supporting our videos on Patreon https://www.patreon.com/simplehistory SIMPLE HISTORY MERCHANDISE Get your copy of Simple History: World War II today! (Top Seller!) https://www.amazon.com/Simple-History-simple-guide-World/dp/1505922410/ T-Shirts https://www.zazzle.com/simplehistory/gifts?cg=196817456987349853 Simple history gives you the facts, simple! See the book collection here: Amazon USA http://www.amazon.com/Daniel-Turner/e/B00H5TYLAE/ Amazon UK http://www.amazon.co.uk/Daniel-Turner/e/B00H5TYLAE/ http://www.simplehistory.co.uk/ https://www.facebook.com/Simple-History-549437675141192/ https://twitter.com/simple_guides Additional sources: The Penguin History of Europe Paperback by J. M. Roberts Credit: Narrator: Christian H Miles Animation: Daniel Turner Artwork: Daniel turner Music Credit Industrial Revolution by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100811 Artist: http://incompetech.com/
Views: 520891 Simple History
The Most Depressing City On Earth
Just gonna do a little damage control here and add that the video is purely opinion. I did very little intense research, and depression is a mental illness not a characteristic of a city. I based my argument on some facts, but I'm sure you can argue that war torn cities like Damascus could be more 'depressing'. Sorry if the video came off as if I was spouting the gospel. If you think you have found a more depressing city, comment. Just do not comment Detroit. Please. Full Script: It was my goal when making this video to decide which city is the most depressing (which in this situation is a synonym for depressing). This is obviously just an opinion, but I did put some research into this and I think that my answer is very reasonable. Before we get into this, let’s take a look at the rules. I decided that a city cannot have fewer than 50,000 people I know that that isnt the official definition, but This takes a lot of remote settlements in places like Greenland out of the mix. I decided to look at what factors cause unhappiness. I found this list, and while some factors have no relation to geography, two do: Inability to sleep or excessive sleeping, and Social isolation. In order for a city to make it hard to sleep, it has to be very far north, or very far south. Cities inside the arctic circle experience the polar night, where the sun simply does not come up for days at a time. This has been known to cause insomnia. In order for a city to cause social isolation, it needs to have a hostile environment. Luckily, most cities in the Arctic Circle check that box. It also has to be isolated from other cities, and inaccessible. There are many scandinavian cities that have hostile environments, but these cities, such as Tromso (traum-suh) are tourist destinations and generally good places to live. They have high standards of living. Next, we have to turn to Russia. Two cities caught my eye immediately: the coal mining town of Vorkuta and remote port Murmansk. However, coal mining has become unprofitable in vorcuteuh, so people are moving out at alarming rates. Plus, just look at this picture and tell me that does not look jolly. And being a port city, Murmansk naturally has contact with new ideas and people. However, there is one city that I have left out. (Papers please theme) Norilsk. The Nickel mining city of 170 something thousand people is so hostile it seems like something out of 1984. No roads lead to Norilsk, and it is one of three large cities in the continuous permafrost zone that means that the land is unfarmable. There is one freight railway that leads to the city, but the only way out is an airport or a port 40 miles away that freezes over in the winter. Norilsk enters continuous darkness for 45 days each year, and when people leave the city, they say that they are going to “the mainland”. the polar night syndrome is common in residents, you can probably figure out why. It is also one of the most polluted cities on earth. Here’s a quick list of facts about norilsk’s pollution: 1 percent of global emissions of sulfur dioxide comes from Norilsk nickel mines . It is so polluted that some people mine the soil for soot because it contains precious minerals. In September 2016, the nearby river turned red. The life expectancy of a worker in Norilsk is 10 years lower. A study done by Boris Revich showed that blood illnesses were 44% higher, nervous system illnesses 38% higher, and bone and muscle system illnesses 28% higher among children in Norilsk WHEN COMPARED TO OTHER CHILDREN IN SIBERA. In any other city, people might protest these terrible, polluted conditions. But in Norilsk, the income for nearly everybody comes from one company: Norilsk Nickel. Any protestors would be fired, because even if you do not work in the mines, Norilsk Nickel also owns nearly all businesses in town. And the Russian Government has no plans to step in, because this company is a cash cow. Norilsk Nickel is 2% of the Russian GDP. In comparison, the entire city of San Francisco is 2% of the US GDP. The city has a depressing past as well: it was built by 500,000 gulag prisoners working under starving conditions throughout the month long days and nights. Of which eighteen thousand died. The most obvious relic of this era can be found all over the city: the stalinist, utilitarian architecture of nearly every building in the city. But hey, they painted the city bright colors so it can’t be that bad right?
Views: 1875482 themcbobgorge
MINING IS AWESOME! London Steam Engine - FULL HD
MINING IS AWESOME! Managing Director of Mining Plus Ben Auld takes us on a short trip through one of the great cities of the world - LONDON, reminding us of the important role the steam engine had and its application to coal mining in the UK at a time of historical importance - The Industrial Revolution. #MiningIsAwesome. Be sure to subscribe to our channel to stay up with the latest from Mining Plus. Stay tuned for our next amazing mining videos - #miningisawesome Visit us at www.mining-plus.com to get in touch with one of our experts.
Views: 240 Mining Plus
The Northernmost Town on Earth (Svalbard in 4K)
Longyearbyen on Svalbard is the northernmost settlement with over 1000 residents My trip to Norway was funded by Screen Australia, Film Victoria and Genepool Productions as part of a new project. More information soon. More info on Svalbard: http://wke.lt/w/s/yiYNC Music licensed from www.cuesongs.com "After Catalunya" Spotify page: https://play.spotify.com/artist/2JnQ2AxkaRjlGCNmfkHiJd iTunes: https://itunes.apple.com/gb/artist/emphemetry/id414183064 Captions: Come take a walk with me around Longyearbyen, the largest town on the Norwegian islands of Svalbard. Parts of it look familiar, but make no mistake, this place is different. At 78 degrees North, it lies just 800 miles or 1300 kilometres from the North Pole. And with over 2,000 permanent inhabitants it is the Northernmost real town on Earth. There are only 50km of road, including the small streets between houses, so people get around the island mainly on snowmobile. In fact there are more registered snowmobiles than residents. Anyone leaving town is required to travel with a gun and someone who knows how to use it because the islands are also home to polar bears. The average daytime high is below freezing for all but four months of the year, and from the end of October to mid-February the sun doesn’t rise at all. This is the long polar night. Living here is tough. This past December an avalanche in town destroyed 10 homes, which used to be here, killing two people. So how did this cold, remote, ice-covered archipelago come to be inhabited? The hills around town are rich in coal deposits that have been mined for over 100 years. The coal was transported to the port via a series of aerial tramways some of which remain today, though they are no longer operational. Coal is a reminder that Svalbard was not always an Arctic ice world. 360 million years ago it was actually in the tropics North of the equator. A swampy area, it was covered with the precursors to modern ferns, which were much larger than they are today, reaching 10-30 metres in height. This vegetation was then covered in mud and sand and submerged under the sea. Over time it turned into the coal deposits that in the 20th century brought miners from Norway, Russia, and the US. Most of the coal mines have now closed and the economy is gradually shifting towards tourism, education and research. Tourists take trips on snowmobiles and dog sleds. There is a university centre in Svalbard, which offers semester courses in biology, physics and geology. And up on the side of a mountain is the Svalbard Global seed vault… but that’s a story for another time. The locals tell me that interest in the region from different nations is increasing. As the globe warms and Arctic ice shrinks, trade routes are opening up across the North. And Svalbard is strategically placed between North America, Asia and Europe. One day in the future Svalbard may no longer be as cold or remote as it once was. But for now it is a reminder of how through our ingenuity people can live in the most inhospitable of places. Shot with a DJI Phantom 4 drone
Views: 1553334 Veritasium
Birth of Europe: Coal, blood and iron
The Industrial Revolution of the 18th century transformed Britain and spread across Europe, with coal bringing prosperity for some and misery for many.
Views: 18235 Tim Atkinson
Going Into Coal (1939)
Note: Location of the events are unknown. Full titles read: "GOING INTO COAL !" Good M/S's of men working in the coal mines. Several shots of scientists experimenting with coal dust including machinery that boils and cooks the coal in an attempt to find out what other properties and uses coal may have. FILM ID:1182.16 A VIDEO FROM BRITISH PATHÉ. EXPLORE OUR ONLINE CHANNEL, BRITISH PATHÉ TV. IT'S FULL OF GREAT DOCUMENTARIES, FASCINATING INTERVIEWS, AND CLASSIC MOVIES. http://www.britishpathe.tv/ FOR LICENSING ENQUIRIES VISIT http://www.britishpathe.com/ British Pathé also represents the Reuters historical collection, which includes more than 120,000 items from the news agencies Gaumont Graphic (1910-1932), Empire News Bulletin (1926-1930), British Paramount (1931-1957), and Gaumont British (1934-1959), as well as Visnews content from 1957 to the end of 1979. All footage can be viewed on the British Pathé website. https://www.britishpathe.com/
Views: 93 British Pathé
Underground Mining Simulator - Simulator Saturday
In this week's Simulator Saturday, we make our way underground for Underground Mining Simulator. Does it dig a hole straight to hell, or a tunnel to our hearts? » Get Lootcrate! http://www.lootcrate.com/lextube (Use code LEXCRATE) » Twitter: http://lextu.be/twitter » Facebook: http://lextu.be/fb » Subscribe for daily videos! http://lextu.be/subscribe Want to see more? Don't forget to rate, comment, subscribe and favourite! » Music courtesy of Epidemic Sound » Royalty Free Music by http://audiomicro.com/royalty-free-music » Sound Effects by http://audiomicro.com/sound-effects
Views: 43435 Lextube
Sheffield from the air,Waypoint mission, Litchi, Phantom 4.
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. With some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its largely industrial roots to encompass a wider economic base. The population of the City of Sheffield is 577,800 and it is one of the eight largest regional English cities that make up the Core Cities Group. Sheffield is the third-largest English district by population. The metropolitan population of Sheffield is 1,569,000. The city is in the eastern foothills of the Pennines, and the valleys of the River Don and its four tributaries, the Loxley, the Porter Brook, the Rivelin and the Sheaf. Sixty-one per cent of Sheffield's entire area is green space, and a third of the city lies within the Peak District national park. There are more than 250 parks, woodlands and gardens in the city, which is estimated to contain around 4.5 million trees. In the 19th century, Sheffield gained an international reputation for steel production. Known as the Steel City, many innovations were developed locally, including crucible and stainless steel, fuelling an almost tenfold increase in the population in the Industrial Revolution. Sheffield received its municipal charter in 1843, becoming the City of Sheffield in 1893. International competition in iron and steel caused a decline in these industries in the 1970s and 1980s, coinciding with the collapse of coal mining in the area. The 21st century has seen extensive redevelopment in Sheffield, along with other British cities. Sheffield's gross value added (GVA) has increased by 60% since 1997, standing at £9.2 billion in 2007. The economy has experienced steady growth averaging around 5% annually, greater than that of the broader region of Yorkshire and the Humber. The city has a long sporting heritage and is home to the world's oldest football club, Sheffield F.C. Games between the two professional clubs, Sheffield United and Sheffield Wednesday, are known as the Steel City derby. The city is also home to the World Snooker Championship.
Views: 106 Pixies Channel
Working conditions during the industrial revolution
i made this video for my US history class. 100%... damn straight
Views: 35879 drew langsdale
CITIES SKYLINES: Farms & Coal mine #2
In this build we continue to expand with coal mine and some more farms. hope you like it, dont forget to subscribe for more!
Views: 111 coffeePLAY
Cities Of Great Britain - Cardiff (1931)
Full titles read: "CITIES OF GREAT BRITAIN (No. 6) CARDIFF - Described by the Lord Mayor of Cardiff (1931) Robert G. Hill Snook." Cardiff, Wales. Good L/S's of steam locomotive moving at speed through the picturesque countryside. Various shots of the main streets in Cardiff. The Mayor informs us that their are quarter of a million people living in the city. Good L/S's of the Cardiff castle. L/S's of the Civic Hall - "The National Museum of Wales." Aerial shots of the city including the University college. L/S's of lighthouse which is a memorial to Captain Scott. L/S of the Cathedral. Very good footage of the Cardiff docklands, including cranes lifting goods on and off container ships. L/S's of coal wagons and coal being poured down large shoot. FILM ID:1042.03 A VIDEO FROM BRITISH PATHÉ. EXPLORE OUR ONLINE CHANNEL, BRITISH PATHÉ TV. IT'S FULL OF GREAT DOCUMENTARIES, FASCINATING INTERVIEWS, AND CLASSIC MOVIES. http://www.britishpathe.tv/ FOR LICENSING ENQUIRIES VISIT http://www.britishpathe.com/ British Pathé also represents the Reuters historical collection, which includes more than 120,000 items from the news agencies Gaumont Graphic (1910-1932), Empire News Bulletin (1926-1930), British Paramount (1931-1957), and Gaumont British (1934-1959), as well as Visnews content from 1957 to the end of 1979. All footage can be viewed on the British Pathé website. https://www.britishpathe.com/
Views: 8836 British Pathé
Cities Skylines - Noughbarn - (Episode 18) "Huge coal mine and mountains"
Cities Skylines - Noughbarn - (Episode 18) "Huge coal mine and mountains" In this episode I'm building mountains (building lol) and a huge coalmine.
Views: 1913 WaTeRaQua
🇮🇳 India's Coal Rush | 101 East
India is hungry for energy. Over 173 power plants, all of them coal-fired, will be built to power the nation's high-tech industries and booming cities. This is accelerating an ongoing “coal rush” which has put our dirtiest fossil fuel at the heart of India’s breakneck growth, and could soon make a single state, Andhra Pradesh, one of the world’s top 20 carbon emitters. But not everyone is convinced that this boom is a blessing. Physicist and businessman, Asoke Agarwal believes that India is heading for disaster: "It is time that we think of a more austere way of living. That was what India was famous for earlier. Today we have just aped the West. The West has gone at a speed at which they are destroying themselves, and we are following them. So it is high time that we realise that there is something drastically wrong with our economy." On 101 East, filmmaker Orlando de Guzman takes a dark journey through the coal belt of Jharkhand and West Bengal, to look at the winners and losers of this booming industry. More from 101 East on: YouTube - http://aje.io/101eastYouTube Facebook - http://facebook.com/101east Twitter - http://twitter.com/aj101east Instagram - http://instagram.com/aj101east Website - http://aljazeera.com/101east
Views: 59357 Al Jazeera English
The ghost town where houses are on sale for £1 | Channel 4 News
Subscribe to Channel 4 News: http://bit.ly/1sF6pOJ More than a hundred homes on sale: a pound for the lot. But the prospect of expensive repairs meant the council wouldn't even pay that. This is Horden in County Durham, its heart ripped out by the collapse of the mining industry - now a sea of empty properties. Read more here: http://bit.ly/18pfo1T Top stories: http://bit.ly/1wdbIG1
Views: 1025597 Channel 4 News
Bizarre Discoveries in Mines
Here are 11 of the most unusual findings deep in the earth like ancient and time primate fossils or trapped toads alive in rocks!! Subscribe to Talltanic http://goo.gl/wgfvrr # 7 Toads found in Rock One strange phenomena that still doesn’t have an explanation are toads that find themselves entombed deep into stone and continue to live. For years quarriers and miners have discovered to their surprise, live toads inside of the rocks they crack open. In some cases the toads are found 5, 10, and even 20 feet deep inside of rock. In all cases, they have no visible way in or out and yet in all cases they are all still alive. This bizarre phenomena is often called “toad in the hole”. No one knows how these toads find themselves in the rock, or how they survive without any water, food, or air. # 6 Ghost Miners in Mponeng The world’s deepest gold mine called the Mponeng Mine located in South Africa runs so far into the ground with so many winding tunnels that it’s almost like a dark underground city. The expansive, dark, and hot mine is almost impossible to completely keep watch over so every once in awhile an illegal squatter will be discovered. Mponeng squatters are called “ghost miners” and will find empty caverns to make their home in, illegally mine gold to sell above ground, and will even meet with prostitutes in the mines. # 5 The Bold Travelers of Mponeng - Desulforudis audaxviator In the world’s deepest gold mine, a new species of bacterium was discovered called Desulforudis audaxviator. Audaxviator translates to “bold traveller” which refers to the fact that the bacteria was found 2 miles below the surface of the Earth and is the only organism in its ecosystem. The strange bacteria has evolved to live without sunshine or oxygen. Instead, it lives off of hydrogen and sulfide as food, which come from the breakdown of radioactive elements. Basically, it’s a nuclear waste eating bacteria. It’s the only one of its kind and have amazed scientists with its complete solitude underground. # 4 Giant Roach Fossil Found in Ohio Coal Mine Geologists were combing through an old coal mine in an area known for its plant fossils when they discovered an extremely rare fossil. It was a giant roach fossil - about 4 inches long and twice as big as most modern American roaches. The fossil is rare because it’s completely in tact, while most insect fossils are only partial imprints. Fossils in the cave also preserved some of the smallest cockroach fossils ever found and their color patterns. Inside the coal mine, even more rare insect fossils were found including a rare ancient arachnid and a 60 inch long and 12 inch wide centipede. The chemistry of this coal mine in Ohio somehow preserved these insects with extreme detail that is not seen anywhere else. # 3 Dead Body found in Ghost Town Mine Hobby adventurers had the scare of their life when they were exploring an abandoned ghost town called Whroo in Victoria, Australia. The two were in the ghost town’s abandoned mine when they found a dead body covered in plastic and shoved into a deeper hole inside. The victim was a 50 year old man in a Neil Young shirt and the perpetrators were later found to be a 26 year old man and 30 year old woman. The details on this case are scarce, but it has all the makings of a really good CSI episode. # 2 Four Square Miles of Carboniferous Forest Discovered The fossils of almost an entire forest from the Carboniferous period was uncovered in the ceiling of two adjacent coal mines in Illinois. This discovery is the largest single-period fossil discovery in recorded history. Archaeologists delved into the 250 feet deep mine to explore and record the fossils. There were upwards of 200 specimens of detailed shrubs, trees, flowers, and even insects. # 1 Tiny, Strange Primate Fossil In the Krabi coal mine of Thailand, archaeologists uncovered a new species of a teacup sized primate. They found mandibles that belong to the pea-sized primates called Krabia minuta. Krabia minuta were native to Asia and are the ancestors to all monkeys, apes, and humans. They were impressively able to make it to Africa despite being separated from a body of water at the time that was bigger than the Mediterrenean sea. This bizarre find is very important for archaeologists, because it indicates a period of extreme evolution of primates in the area and will continue to yield more discoveries in years to come.
Views: 1083382 Talltanic
British Isles 221128-01X.mp4 | Footage Farm
1948 Encyclopaedia Britannica Films Animated globe - zoom in on Britain. Montage w/ VO re variety within British Isles: aerial over rocky coastline; rooftops of rural town; countryside; herd of sheep across moors; industrial landscape w/ mining town; London harbor w/ Tower Bridge in BG; White Cliffs of Dover. Map of British Isles showing lowlands & uplands - England, Wales, Scotland & Northern Ireland marked. Picturesque village - mining town - 1930s housing estate - northern terraced housing [VO "bleak slum areas"]. People at market stall - vars CUs British men - street scene outside factory. Map showing populated areas of Britain, major cities & natural resources. Coal mining scenes; digging for iron ore; map showing imports of iron ore & scrap iron from outside Britain. Steelworks / blast furnaces. Hand pouring into molds. Ingot lifted. Machining steel in factory. Shipyard scenes & riveting. Clay pit w/ workers with picks & shovels; potters at wheel; china manufacture. Sheep on hillside. Map of world showing imports of wool & cotton. 01:06:35 Textile mill - female weavers - rows of spinning machines. Looms. Horse-drawn wheat swather, harvester; kids helping w/ potato harvest; dairy herd grazing; cattle market in village square; sheep auction w/ sheep in pens. 01:07:41 Fishermen unload catch on dockside. Market scenes. Map of world showing imports of food. Cargo ships in harbor - London docks - imports unloaded & British goods packed for export. Map showing harbors & shipping routes - animation of exports. 01:10:13 Many ships at dock, pan across River Thames w/ Tower Bridge in BG. London street scenes - St. Paul's Cathedral - traffic & pedestrians - London buses - Houses of Parliament. If you wish to acquire broadcast quality material of this reel or want to know more about our Public Domain collection, contact us at [email protected]
Views: 840 footagefarm
The World's Largest Abandoned City - Ordos
Ordos The World’s Largest Abandoned City The development of the city of Ordos is a unique tale. Ordos is a city designed from scratch and built within 10 years. This city came to fruition after private mining companies were given the rights to dig into deposits in the late 90’s and 2000’s. This generated a lot of tax revenue making Ordos the 2nd highest income per capita city in China. Ordos is a city located in Inner Mongolia that has been constantly been burdened with water shortage issues. Instead of trying to revamp the current infrastructure the Chinese government decided to rebuild the city from scratch which is called “New Ordos” just 16 miles or 25 km kilometers away from the existing city now called “Old Ordos”. The people of Old Ordos refer to New Ordos as the Kangbashi district of Ordos, these new and old labels are basically not supported by anyone locally. Two villages built around the Wulan Mulan River were demolished and construction started in 2005. 161 billion dollars in infrastructure was invested to build the Kangbashi District over the first 5 years. Regardless if anyone lives in this new city, this is a major plus to the government of China as it increases China’s GDP. The government gave kickbacks to developers who helped boost GDP so building anything anywhere is promoted. The old city of Ordos or Dongsheng is home to over ½ a million people, it was expected that many of them would move to the new city as it became completed. As explained by many locals, a working couple only makes $800 a month combined of which ⅓ is taken for rent. The new apartments in New Ordos sell for 70 - 100 thousand dollars making it virtually impossible for locals to live there. Sales were slow at first but eventually investors snapped up many of the units in the new city. This has left New Ordos with a ton of infrastructure and no residents. The city was originally designed to hold 1 million people but was scaled down during construction to 500,000 then to 300,000 after coal prices crashed. The city features a 5 story shopping mall, impressive monuments and statues, art and city museum, the Ordos Dongsheng Stadium that seats 35,000 people, opera house, a brand new airport and a modern designed mosque. The city streets are lined with skyscraper after skyscraper that are almost completely empty. A toy store is one of the only stores in the massive 5 story mall, the man who runs the store says he sells something every few days and if the government doesn’t step in soon to fix it, he may have to move back to Dongsheng. It is estimated only 2 % of the buildings were ever filled the rest remain abandoned. Outside the mall an elaborate water show is put on every night with only a few people found to be watching it. A water show this size in a normal city would draw thousands of viewers daily. The city has everything it needs to be a great thriving new city like extra wide roads with bike lanes like what is found in Taipei, modern amenities and infrastructure but simply no people. The initial wave of 30,000 people that moved to New Ordos all lived in a 4 to 5 block radius just north of central park. A few years later that grew to 60,000 and now 12 years after the start of construction there are around 150,000 residents in a city that was originally designed for 1 million. The city has been doing many things to attract people to live there like moving the best schools from Dongsheng to Kangbashi. While some areas of Kangbashi aren’t a ghost town at all today, many still are. One abandoned project is the Ordos 100 Project, which is a project that was to have 100 different extreme luxury villas designed. Instead of the government doing it themselves they invited 100 different architects from around the world to each design a luxury villas to be placed on the map. Land sections were given out with the utmost creative freedom except the design was not to look like traditional Mongolian designs such as Yurts. Each architect designed their villa and construction started. Within the Ordos 100 Project site multiple half finished villas can be found. While many lay half finished some have progress going forward. Music: Melopsych-Between Mechanics n Soul Check out some of our other videos: Top 10 Fruits You’ve Never Heard Of Part 2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hRdgPyZF45g&feature=youtu.be For copyright matters please contact: [email protected] Intro music thanks to Machinmasound: Rallying the Defense: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ruPk4RD19Nw Titan Top List is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com
Views: 2650612 Titan Top List
Working in a coal mine | Harsh Working conditions | Miners | Good Afternoon | 1973
Members of the coal mining community talk about the hardship they suffered during their times down the pit and also how they were treated by the powers that be. First shown: 17/10/1973 If you would like to license a clip from this video please email: [email protected] Quote: VT8493
Views: 1265 ThamesTv
Germany has banned coal mining.
Happening on 21 September in New York and globally, the People's Climate March is on its way to becoming the largest and most diverse mobilization for climate action in history. To show their commitment to protecting people’s climate, a number of Mayors will join the march under the banner, “People’s Climate, Mayors Commit”. This is in line with the vision laid out in the global advocacy of the Local Government Climate Roadmap. The march is set two days before world leaders gather in New York for the Climate Summit called by United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. The Summit is critical to lay the foundations for a new climate treaty that countries are expected to sign in 2015. With the impacts of climate change being felt around the world, with the solutions on the table and with growing momentum behind internationally-coordinated action to fix the crisis, the moment has come to put this issue back on top of the political agenda. Home to half of the world’s population, cities are responsible for 75% of global energy consumption and 40-50% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. They are playing a pivotal role in combating climate change by slashing these GHG emissions, building resilience and promoting sustainable alternatives to transport and energy. They will be central in ensuring that adverse effects of climate change will affect their citizens as little as possible. ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability, the world’s leading cities network, will participate in the People's March along with other 750 organizations, sharing its vision of local sustainability. It will mobilize mayors from around the world who will bring to New York the voices of their citizens. Mayors George Ferguson (Bristol, UK), Herbert Bautista (Quezon City, Philippines), Jürgen Nimptsch (Bonn, Germany), Frank Cownie (Des Moines, USA), Ronan Dantec (Nantes) have confirmed their attendance to the march. Many other local governments support the march. Mayor of Philadelphia Michael Nutter and New York City Council already announced their endorsements supporting the March. Meanwhile, Mayor Gustavo Petro will lead one of the biggest marches in his city of Bogotá, capital of Colombia. Everywhere Mayors are showing their strong commitment to tackle climate change and protect their citizens from its adverse effects. With his clear vision of energy justice and citizen participation, Bristol Mayor George Ferguson led his city to become the European Green Capital for 2015. In Bogotá, the Bus Rapid Transport system called TransMilenio is sparing the city 350,000 tonnes of CO2 per year, reducing air pollution and energy dependence. Seoul, South Korea has reduced its power needs by the equivalent of an average nuclear power plant and is investing in renewables. Its Mayor actively promoted #OccupySeoul, encouraging citizens to take active part in re-shaping the face of Korea's capital. In Bonn, the city is progressing with its plans to cut emissions by 40% and become the cycling capital of its region. On its new online platform, CityTalk, ICLEI tells some of the challenges and stories of success of these cities, showing how mayors are spearheading a diverse movement of local governments with high ambitions, engaging their citizens to be part of a sustainable revolution. Mayors are the closest level of government to citizens. They are deeply grounded in their reality, and are committed to uphold their citizen’s safety, justice and sustainability. CityTalk also features ICLEI’s agenda in New York. Besides engaging in the march, ICLEI is actively involved in nine action-oriented initiatives linked to the upcoming UN summit: Compact of Mayors, City Climate Finance Alliance, arranging bank loans so home owners may buy solar panels. CCAC Municipal Solid Waste Initiative, recycling all waste and selling the minerals, etc = zero waste. Resilient Cities Accelerator Initiative, Carbon Pricing, Buildings Efficiency Accelerator Initiative, Requiring insulation so cities save enough energy to displace one atomic reactor. District Energy Accelerator Initiative, requiring Utilities to pay solar farmers $0.29 kwh for feeding solar onto the grid. and Urban Electric Mobility Vehicles.
Views: 89 paul8kangas
Why the poorest county in West Virginia has faith in Donald Trump | Anywhere but Washington
Donald Trump was more popular in McDowell County than anywhere else in America during the Republican primaries. Subscribe to The Guardian ► http://is.gd/subscribeguardian Paul Lewis explores the power of the Republican presidential nominee’s message in the poorest county of West Virginia. Gun nation ► http://bit.ly/GunNation The Guardian ► http://is.gd/guardianhome Suggested videos: Anywhere but Washington ► http://bit.ly/ABWashTrump Trump 4 President ► http://bit.ly/TrumpSigns Guardian playlists: Comment is Free ► http://is.gd/cifplaylist Guardian Docs ► http://is.gd/guardiandocs Guardian Features ► https://goo.gl/JThOzd Guardian Animations & Explanations ►http://is.gd/explainers Guardian Investigations ► http://is.gd/guardianinvestigations The Global Migration Crisis ► http://is.gd/RefugeeCrisis Anywhere but Westminster ► https://goo.gl/rgH1ri More Guardian videos: 6x9: experience solitary confinement – 360 video ► http://bit.ly/6x9gdn We Walk Together ► http://bit.ly/WeWalkTogetherFilm The last job on Earth ► http://bit.ly/LastJobOnEarth Patrick Stewart: the ECHR and us ► http://bit.ly/PatrickStewartS The Panama Papers ► http://bit.ly/HowToHide1Billion The Syrian Spaceman who became a refugee ► http://bit.ly/SyrianSpace The epic journey of a refugee cat ► http://bit.ly/KunkuzCat If I Die On Mars ► http://is.gd/IfIDieOnMars We can't ban everything that offends you ► http://bit.ly/CensorshipCiF Revenge Porn: Chrissy Chambers and her search for justice ► http://ow.ly/TUoOs Mos Def force fed in Gitmo procedure ► http://is.gd/mosdef Edward Snowden interview ► http://is.gd/snowdeninterview2014 Bangladeshi Sex Workers take steroids ► http://is.gd/sexworkers Other Guardian channels on YouTube: Guardian Football ► http://is.gd/guardianfootball Guardian Music ► http://is.gd/guardianYTmusic Guardian Australia ► http://is.gd/guardianaustralia Guardian Tech ► http://is.gd/guardiantech Guardian Culture ► http://is.gd/guardianculture Guardian Wires ► http://is.gd/guardianwires Guardian Food ► http://is.gd/guardianfood
Views: 3823091 The Guardian
Top 12. Best Museums in England - United Kingdom
Top 12. Best Museums in England - United Kingdom: British Museum London, National Gallery London, Victoria and Albert Museum London, Churchill War Rooms London, The Roman Baths, National Railway Museum York, Natural History Museum London, Brunel's ss Great Britain Bristol, Wallace Collection London, National Coal Mining Museum, Portsmouth Historic Dockyard Portsmouth, Beamish Museum
Views: 1061 UltramodernHome
Tata to the British Steel Industry
It looks like another of our old heavy industries is set to disappear. After losing coal mining and ship building, are we now about to say Tata to the British steel industry? By the time you watch this we might know whether the government or a new white knight will ride to the rescue of Tata’s steel operations in the UK and the fifteen thousand jobs that depend on them. It’s getting ugly, with ministers accused of being asleep at the wheel and even of having resisted anti-dumping laws that would have imposed punitive tariffs on the cheap Chinese steel at the heart of the issue. Business Secretary Sajid Javid was in Sydney extolling the benefits of free markets when news broke that Tata was selling its UK business or closing it down if there were no takers. Their appointment of PWC suggests that the business may be going into administration. Tata’s finance director Koushik Chatterjee has paid almost weekly visits to the government to tell them just how bad the situation is, but no constructive response has been forthcoming. More damaging perhaps are accusations from France and Italy that the UK resisted retaliatory tariffs from the EU similar to those applied in that other bastion of free enterprise, America. David Cameron and George Osborne have been bending over backward to curry favour with the Chinese which perhaps explains their reticence to apply trade barriers for the steel industry. There are similarities to the oil industry, where Saudi Arabia is flooding the world with oil at prices well below its own cost of production simply to bankrupt the embryonic US shale oil industry. The accusation is that Beijing is dumping heavily subsidised steel onto world markets to kill off the competition as it struggles to cope with its own structural economic slowdown. You could even liken it to the competitive currency devaluations we’re seeing in Japan and Europe as central bank money printing and unfeasibly low interest rates put a further dampener on economic growth. When politics interferes with free markets the distortions can be brutal and can take decades to work their way through the system. Will the government rush to bail out steel the way it did the broken banks in two thousand and eight? Don’t hold your breath. Should they do something? I fear not. The problem is a truly global one with no easy answers. China expects half a million of its own steel jobs to disappear in the next five years. China’s need for steel has already peaked and there is massive overcapacity remaining. Exactly as Harry Dent said during his talk at the Elite investor Summit, there are hundreds of thousands of Chinese who’ve come in from the fields to live in high rise apartments in big cities but now have no work to do. How can this play out other than with a major economic crash? A few billion in steel subsidies feels like a finger in the dam trying to hold back the Yangtze river. There are towns in North East England that have yet to recover from pit closures in the nineteen eighties and nineties. There’ll be more of the same when the full economic impact is felt in Port Talbot, Scunthorpe and Shotton. Zero hours part time checkout jobs will not replace the incomes of skilled foundry workers. However, if you try to calculate the scale of investment that would be needed to retain these jobs, there must be a more constructive way of investing the same amount in retraining and replacing an industry whose time has been and gone. Overall, North East England seems like a prosperous place whenever I return there. A services-led economy has triggered lots of new property development, lots of new cars in every driveway and bars and restaurants that are packed to the gunwhales most nights of the week. Perhaps the biggest thing we’re lacking is political vision and leadership. You would not have to be Einstein to have foreseen challenges ahead for the UK steel industry at any time in the last decade or two. What a pity that Tata’s announcement appears to have hit the government like a bolt from the blue. If you expect a workable policy for heavy industry in a government run by a PR man and a wallpaper shop owner, be very careful out there.
Views: 1945 Elite Investor TV
A Walk in Newcastle Upon Tyne England
httpsOur Travelling is The Learning and Our Learning is The Understanding. Please help my channel with a Donation to help me travel and take you to other areas around England Please click link to Donate ! ://www.paypal.me/abeer4Thomas/25 Newcastle Upon Tyne commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, 8.5 mi (13.7 km) from the North Sea. Newcastle is the most populous city in the North East, and forms the core of the Tyneside conurbation, the eighth most populous urban area in the United Kingdom.[2] Newcastle is a member of the English Core Cities Group[6] and is a member of the Eurocities network of European cities.Quayside and bridges on the Tyne The Quayside The Tyne Gorge, between Newcastle on the north bank and Gateshead—a separate town and borough—on the south bank, is known for a series of dramatic bridges, including the Tyne Bridge of 1928 which was built by Dorman Long of Middlesbrough, Robert Stephenson's High Level Bridge of 1849, the first road/rail bridge in the world, and the Swing Bridge of 1876.[85] Large-scale regeneration has replaced former shipping premises with imposing new office developments; an innovative tilting bridge, the Gateshead Millennium Bridge was commissioned by Gateshead Council and has integrated the older Newcastle Quayside more closely with major cultural developments in Gateshead, including the BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art, the venue for the Turner Prize 2011[86] and the Norman Foster-designed The Sage Gateshead music centre. The Newcastle and Gateshead Quaysides are now a thriving, cosmopolitan area with bars, restaurants and public spaces. As a tourist promotion, Newcastle and Gateshead have linked together under the banner "NewcastleGateshead", to spearhead the regeneration of the North-East. The River Tyne had the temporary Bambuco Bridge in 2008 for ten days; it was not made for walking, road or cycling, but was just a sculpture. Newcastle was part of the county of Northumberland until 1400, when it became a county of itself, a status it retained until becoming part of Tyne and Wear in 1974. The regional nickname and dialect for people from Newcastle and the surrounding area is Geordie. Newcastle also houses Newcastle University, a member of the Russell Group, as well as Northumbria University. The city developed around the Roman settlement Pons Aelius and was named after the castle built in 1080 by Robert Curthose, William the Conqueror's eldest son. The city grew as an important centre for the wool trade in the 14th century, and later became a major coal mining area. The port developed in the 16th century and, along with the shipyards lower down the River Tyne, was amongst the world's largest shipbuilding and ship-repairing centres. Newcastle's economy includes corporate headquarters, learning, digital technology, retail, tourism and cultural centres, from which the city contributes £13 billion towards the United Kingdom's GVA. Among its icons are Newcastle United football club and the Tyne Bridge. Since 1981 the city has hosted the Great North Run, a half marathon which attracts over 57,000 runners each year.
Cab ride along one of the largest model train layouts about Germany’s coal and steel industry
In 2008 this superb model railway layout was opened in the city of Oberhausen, located directly in the heart of Germany’s coal and steel industry, the so-called Ruhr area. Then, this permanent model railway exhibition represented cities, landscapes, steelworks, coal mines and the rail transport in the 1970‘s. The model railroad layout was constructed in HO scale or H0 gauge and covered an area of more than 420 square meters. Due to financial problems, this model railroad exhibit was closed two years after the opening. Fortunately in September 2012, this large model railway layout was sold to a new owner, who re-installed the whole layout and made it accessible to visitors again. Today, this fine layout is a part of the railway museum, called „Modellbahnwelt Odenwald“, located near Frankfurt/Main, Germany. The miniature world was built according to original track plans, stations and landscapes, for example, the Oberhausen central station, the port of Dortmund, the blast furnace plant of Oberhausen, colliery and coking plants. On the layout, there are many replicas of well-known buildings in the Ruhr area. Furthermore, a special highlight is the photorealistic background system of the model landscape. The model railroad was designed as a two-wire digital system, which is used by model trains of Fleischmann, Roco and from many other manufacturers, except Märklin. Locomotives, light effects and trains are managed by the digital model railway control system „TrainController“. Enjoy Pilentum’s train journey of at least 80 minutes on a several kilometers long track system.
Views: 11604 PILENTUM
Worlds Largest Abandoned City | Hashima Island
Worlds Largest Abandoned City | Hashima Island SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE ABANDONED VIDEOS! LEAVE A LIKE IF YOU ENJOYED! Hashima Island is known as the worlds largest abandoned city. Hashima Island was explored by exploring with Josh previously which inspired the creation of this video. Hashima Island has a very rich history and it also has a documentary. Hashima Island is located in Japan, it is also an abandoned city left for nature to reclaim. Hashima Island is the worlds largest abandoned city that includes 15 apartment buildings and several town shops. As the worlds largest abandoned city Hashima Island has a very rich history and hopefully this can educate you on that. SUBSCRIBE TO SEE MORE!!! ★ VIRTUAL TOUR: http://www.hashima-island.co.uk/ ►Special thanks to Michael Gakuran for providing information about Hashima Island! His work here: http://gakuran.com/gunkanjima-ruins-of-a-forbidden-island/ ►Check out Exploring With Josh! His videos here: https://www.youtube.com/user/theartofrealitycrew ★ WATCH THIS ► https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RoKqikpFW8A&t=289s ★ TURN ON MY POST NOTIFICATIONS FOR SHOUTOUTS IN MY VIDEOS!! ★FOLLOW MY SOCIAL MEDIA★ INSTAGRAM► https://www.instagram.com/rightway_productions/?hl=en TWITTER► https://twitter.com/RightWay_Prod FACEBOOK► https://www.facebook.com/OfficialRightWayProductions/?fref=nf ★How to get a SHOUTOUT!★ -Be SUBSCRIBED to my YouTube channel. -Take a screenshot of my page. -Post it on your Instagram or Facebook. -Hashtag #rightwayprod and tag me (@rightway_productions) in the photo For Business / Booking ► [email protected]
Views: 2445949 Right Way Media
Simcity Simtastic4 - 17 Coal Mining
The Simtastic 4 Biffa http://www.youtube.com/user/Biffa2001 Docm http://www.youtube.com/user/docm77 Keralis http://www.youtube.com/user/Keralis Xisuma http://www.youtube.com/user/xisumavoid More Simcity? ● Simtastic4 Playlist http://bit.ly/Simtastic4x Talk to me on Facebook & Twitter ● Twitter http://bit.ly/xisuma_twitter ● Facebook http://on.fb.me/xisuma_facebook Want to support the channel? ● Subscribe http://bit.ly/Subscribe_x ● Donate http://bit.ly/xisuma_donate
Views: 9088 xisumavoid
The Devastating Effects of Pollution in China (Part 2/2)
We went to the single most polluted place on earth, the coal-mining town of Linfen, China. In part 2, we check out illegal coal mines and find out what what makes China the world's leading polluter. Watch part 1 here: http://bit.ly/Toxic-China-1 Check out the Best of VICE here: http://bit.ly/VICE-Best-Of Subscribe to VICE here! http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE Check out our full video catalog: http://bit.ly/VICE-Videos Videos, daily editorial and more: http://vice.com Like VICE on Facebook: http://fb.com/vice Follow VICE on Twitter: http://twitter.com/vice Read our tumblr: http://vicemag.tumblr.com
Views: 601975 VICE
Birth of Europe: Trade cities and the land-locked sea
The third episode in the series explores how a lack of fertile land in Greece led to the colonisation of the Mediterranean shore. It examines the development of Classical Greece and how Athenian silver mines helped save western civilisation. Finally it examines how the Romans broke through the barrier of the Alps to conquer Gaul.
Views: 26912 Tim Atkinson
COAL: The documentary
The Northwest is square in the middle of a controversial global debate: Should the region build export terminals that would open lucrative markets for the world's dirtiest fossil fuel? As the U.S. economy continues to struggle, can the country afford not to? COAL is a KCTS 9 and EarthFix original documentary. For more information on the documentary, visit: kcts9.org/coal or earthfix.us/coaldoc. For ongoing reporting on Coal in the Northwest, visit EarthFix: earthfix.info/coal/ Credits Written, Directed and Produced by Katie Campbell Photography by Michael Werner Katie Campbell Editor Michael Werner Narrator Katie Campbell EarthFix reporters Ashley Ahearn Bonnie Stewart Amelia Templeton Courtney Flatt Cassandra Profita Aaron Kunz Aerial photography by Katie Campbell Aerial support provided by Christopher Boyer, LightHawk Hunter Handsfield, LightHawk Additional photography Aaron Kunz Stock Footage - RevoStock Audio post production Milt Ritter Post Production Support Lisa Strube-Kilgore Phil Williams Chris Maske Music Lonely Rails Written by Seth Warren and C. Andrew Rohrmann. Performed by Seth Warren. Published by Sciencelab. Salt Flats Written by Miguel D'Oliveira. Published by BBC Production Music. Like a Phoenix Written by Steve Carter. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. Celtic Mist Written by Al Lethbridge. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. Pistola Written by Geoff Levin. Published by ZFC Music. Fluttering Leaves Written by Daniel Pemberton. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. The Couple Written by Al Lethbridge. Published by BBC Production Music. Halcyon Skies Written by Ben Hales and Matt Hales. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. The Loner Written by Miguel D'Oliveira. Published by BBC Production Music. Special Thanks to Dustin Bleizeffer Shannon Anderson LightHawk Keith Williams Thunder Basin Coal Company Leroy Rohde Andy Rohrmann Tom Lubnau Columbia River Pilots Aaron Toso Courtney Wallace Lauri Hennessey
Views: 152436 EarthFixMedia
BBC News - China's eco-friendly coal mines
BBC News Article on Environmental Issues - Interested? Join the debate at Fair Air: http://www.google.co.uk/group/fairair?hl-en-GB
Views: 2373 adam85isalive
Why This Town Has Been On Fire For 50 Years
This week Reactions is shining light on why a small town in PA, Centralia, has been on fire for over 50 years. It's because of science. Well, chemistry, technically. In 1962, an underground fire started in the coal-mining town of Centralia, Pennsylvania. Fifty-three years later, that fire still burns. In this week’s episode of Reactions, we explain the history and science behind the Centralia mine fire. Does anyone still live there? How could the fire keep burning for so long, and why hasn’t it been extinguished? From a chemical standpoint, what is fire, anyway? Find us on all these places: Subscribe! http://bit.ly/ACSReactions Facebook! http://facebook.com/ACSReactions Twitter! http://twitter.com/ACSReactions Tumblr! http://tumblr.com/ACSReactions Photo credits: David DeKok, Centralia Photo Archive (at 3:19) Music credits: Reole - I Got My Own Sublustris Nox - Lost In the Woods Producer: Elaine Seward Writer: Sam Kean Executive Producer: Adam Dylewski Scientific consultants: Steven Maguire Darcy Gentlemen, Ph.D.
Views: 211580 Reactions
Ex-industrial hub in Germany banking on tourism
The coal mines and steel plants in Germany's Ruhr region have powered the country for more than a century. But since the industrial hub fell into decline, Essen, one of its major cities, is now looking to tourism to recharge its economy. The Zollverein Coal Mine complex has been transformed into the Ruhr Museum, welcoming some 1.5 million visitors a year. Al Jazeera’s Nick Clark reports from Essen, Germany. - Subscribe to our channel: http://aje.io/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 5375 Al Jazeera English
watch as we carry you around Enugu the capital of Enugu State in Nigeria. It is located in southeastern Nigeria. The city had a population of 722,664 according to the disputed 2006 Nigerian census and nearly 2 million according to 2015 estimates. The name Enugu is derived from the two Igbo words Énú Ụ́gwụ́ meaning "hill top" denoting the city's hilly geography. The city was named after Enugwu Ngwo, under which coal was found. Since the 17th century the location of present-day Enugu has been inhabited by the Nike (/niːˈkeɪ/ nee-KAY) subgroup of the Igbo people; one of Enugu's neighbourhoods still retains the village's old name Ogui. In 1900 the Southern Nigeria Protectorate was established by the colonial administration of the British Empire. The discovery of coal by the colonialists led to the building of the Eastern Line railway to carry coal from the inland city to the port of Port Harcourt, a city created for this purpose located 151 miles (243 km) south of what was called Enugu Coal Camp. Enugu was then renamed simply Enugu and developed as one of the few cities in West Africa created from European contact. By 1958 Enugu had over 8,000 coal miners. As of 2005 there are no significant coal mining activities left in the city.
Views: 7676 SCAMALERT
Places to see in ( Newcastle upon Tyne - UK )
Places to see in ( Newcastle upon Tyne - UK ) Newcastle upon Tyne is a university city on the River Tyne in northeast England. With its twin city, Gateshead, it was a major shipbuilding and manufacturing hub during the Industrial Revolution and is now a centre of business, arts and sciences. Spanning the Tyne, modern Gateshead Millennium Bridge, noted for its unique tilting aperture, is a symbol of the 2 cities. Newcastle upon Tyne commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, 8.5 mi (13.7 km) from the North Sea. Newcastle is the most populous city in the North East, and forms the core of the Tyneside conurbation, the eighth most populous urban area in the United Kingdom. Newcastle is a member of the English Core Cities Group and is a member of the Eurocities network of European cities. Newcastle was part of the county of Northumberland until 1400, when it became a county of itself, a status it retained until becoming part of Tyne and Wear in 1974. The regional nickname and dialect for people from Newcastle and the surrounding area is Geordie. Newcastle also houses Newcastle University, a member of the Russell Group, as well as Northumbria University. The city of Newcastle upon Tyne developed around the Roman settlement Pons Aelius and was named after the castle built in 1080 by Robert Curthose, William the Conqueror's eldest son. The city grew as an important centre for the wool trade in the 14th century, and later became a major coal mining area. The port developed in the 16th century and, along with the shipyards lower down the River Tyne, was amongst the world's largest shipbuilding and ship-repairing centres. Newcastle's economy includes corporate headquarters, learning, digital technology, retail, tourism and cultural centres, from which the city contributes £13 billion towards the United Kingdom's GVA. Among its icons are Newcastle United football club and the Tyne Bridge. Since 1981 the city has hosted the Great North Run, a half marathon which attracts over 57,000 runners each year. Newcastle International Airport is located approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) from the city centre on the northern outskirts of the city near Ponteland . Newcastle railway station, also known as Newcastle Central Station, is a principal stop on the East Coast Main Line and Cross Country Route. Central Station is one of the busiest stations in Britain. The city is served by the Tyne and Wear Metro, a system of suburban and underground railways covering much of Tyne and Wear. Major roads in the area include the A1 (Gateshead Newcastle Western Bypass), stretching north to Edinburgh and south to London; the A19 heading south past Sunderland and Middlesbrough to York and Doncaster; the A69 heading west to Carlisle; the A696, which becomes the A68 heads past Newcastle Airport. Newcastle is accessible by several mostly traffic-free cycle routes that lead to the edges of the city centre. here are 3 main bus companies providing services in the city; Arriva North East, Go North East and Stagecoach North East. Alot to see in ( Newcastle upon Tyne - UK ) such as : Great North Museum Centre for Life Discovery Museum The Castle, Newcastle Tyne Bridge Laing Art Gallery Newcastle Cathedral Angel of the North Great North Museum: Hancock Jesmond Dene Beamish Museum Hatton Gallery Newcastle town wall Newcastle Racecourse Church of St Thomas the Martyr Tyneside Cinema Town Moor, Newcastle upon Tyne Grey's Monument Exhibition Park, Newcastle Pets Corner Bessie Surtees House Quayside Aspers Casino Newcastle St Mary's Cathedral, Newcastle upon Tyne The Biscuit Factory Genting Casino Newcastle Seven Stories Paddy Freeman's Park Side Photographic Gallery Iles Tours Newcastle Newcastle-upon-Tyne Trinity House The Black Gate National Trust - Holy Jesus Hospital Stephenson Works Boilershop Hodgkin Park North East Land, Sea and Air Museums Benwell Roman Temple - Hadrian's Wall Motor Museum Lambton Castle Trinity Maritime Centre Partnership House Iris Brickfield Heaton Park Denton Hall Turret - Hadrian's Wall Benwell Nature Park Byker Grove Lemington Glass Works Kenton Park Sports Centre Ravensworth Castle ( Newcastle upon Tyne - UK) is well know as a tourist destination because of the variety of places you can enjoy while you are visiting the city of Newcastle upon Tyne . Through a series of videos we will try to show you recommended places to visit in Newcastle upon Tyne - UK Join us for more : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCLP2J3yzHO9rZDyzie5Y5Og http://placestoseein87.blogspot.com.eg/ https://plus.google.com/108460845579164318812 https://www.facebook.com/placestoseein87/ https://twitter.com/Placestoseein1 https://www.tumblr.com/blog/placestoseein https://www.pinterest.com/placestoseein87/places-to-see-in/
Views: 1652 Places to see in
Prairie Mining LTD (ASX,AIM,WSE:PDZ) CEO Ben Stoikovich
CEO Ben Stoikovich presenting Prairie Mining Limited at Share Talk investors show in London, UK. Prairie Mining is focused on the development of tier one, world-class coking coal mines in Europe. The company is developing the Jan Karski and Debiensko Mines in Poland which currently have a combined potential NPV of US$2.5 billion based on over US600 million EBITDA per year.
Views: 3640 Share Talk
Soldier Miners (1943)
Full title reads: "SOLDIER MINERS". Canada. Squad of Canadian soldiers on parade. These are the soldier miners who volunteered to go back to coal mines. Close up shot of one of the soldiers saluting - he is Mr Macdonald. Several shot of Mr Macdonald removing his uniform to change into coal miner's outfit. He is at home, wife and a baby looking on. The miner walks out of house, kisses his wife and baby and then leaves for the pit. Long shot of a coal mine workings. Various shots of the miners at work at the coal face. Underground trucks moving along loaded with coal. Various shots of the coal being loaded onto ship on docks. Various shots of the burning hot coke being emptied from coke oven. Various shots of the molten steel being poured into crucibles, men working. (Mute & Track Negs.) FILM ID:1087.02 A VIDEO FROM BRITISH PATHÉ. EXPLORE OUR ONLINE CHANNEL, BRITISH PATHÉ TV. IT'S FULL OF GREAT DOCUMENTARIES, FASCINATING INTERVIEWS, AND CLASSIC MOVIES. http://www.britishpathe.tv/ FOR LICENSING ENQUIRIES VISIT http://www.britishpathe.com/ British Pathé also represents the Reuters historical collection, which includes more than 120,000 items from the news agencies Gaumont Graphic (1910-1932), Empire News Bulletin (1926-1930), British Paramount (1931-1957), and Gaumont British (1934-1959), as well as Visnews content from 1957 to the end of 1979. All footage can be viewed on the British Pathé website. https://www.britishpathe.com/
Views: 69 British Pathé
UK leading app development jobs across Europe
UK leading app development jobs across Europe There are now as many as 291,000 people employed in app development in Britain, as many as in the coal mining industry in 1970. The UK is the leading country for jobs connected to app development across Europe, according to new figures released by Apple. The country employs some 291,000 people contributing to apps which are available in the App Store, with 138,000 of those based in London - the leading European city for the sector. Other British cities including Manchester, Birmingham, Oxford and Bristol are included within the top 30 in Europe. Despite the fears of instability for the UK's tech sector following the Brexit vote in 2016, the number of jobs in the country has increased by a stable 28% since the vote - which is reflected across Europe generally. UK app developers have earned more than £2bn from the App Store since it was created, with global success stories like shopping app ASOS and family-friendly puzzle game Monument Valley 2. Other popular British apps include the food-delivery app Deliveroo and language-learning tool Busuu. The 2,500 employees Apple has in London will be housed in a new campus due to open in 2021. A 42-acre site based on the Battersea Power Station will be home to a significant number of Apple's total of 6,500 staff in the country. There are more than 1.76 million jobs in Europe connected to the development of apps available on the App Store as well as the Google Play Store. In a statement on its website, Apple said it was proud to be supporting economic growth in Europe. Roughly 170,000 of these are part of Apple's European supplier base, and the company directly employs 22,000 staff in 19 countries. Europe-based developers have earned more than €20bn (£17.5bn) in App Store sales worldwide, with 92% of earnings generated through sales in non-European markets.
Views: 17 Vigorously Live
11 STRANGEST Abandoned Places In The World!
Scary abandoned places you shouldn’t visit! These creepy buildings and cities where no one goes are some of the strangest places on earth 11. Château Miranda Completed in 1907 and officially abandoned in 1991, the Château Miranda (a.k.a. Château de Noisy) is often mistakenly referred to as a shuttered orphanage. It was actually used for a portion of its operation as a seasonal retreat for sick children. During World War II, the building was occupied by German troops and was eventually retaken by Allied forces during the Battle of the Bulge. The Liedekerke-Beaufort family, owners of the property since its construction, sought to sell the uninhabited castle as a potential hotel venue in the early ‘90s. But a fire in 1995 caused significant damage, and Château Miranda has remained in a state of disrepair ever since. 10. Witley Court - Worcestershire, England This sprawling English estate was owned and added-on to by numerous noble English families since the original house was commissioned in 1086 by a cousin of William the Conqueror. Mounting debts forced the Earl of Dudley to sell Witley to a carpet manufacturer in 1920, and a fire in 1937 left only its stone frame standing. After being stripped of its antique and architectural valuables in the early ‘50s, the manor was left to the elements until it was designated an ancient monument by the British government in 1972. 9. Town of Garnet A hollow monument to the Gold Rush, Garnet was once an active township consisting of hotels, family-owned stores and a small schoolhouse. After being deserted during the Great Depression, Garnet helped inspire myths and legends regarding ghost towns for decades. Today, visitors to the town can peek into some structures and see untouched furniture items and valuables left behind by long-departed residents. 8. Craco Originally established in 540 AD by occupying Greeks, the city of Craco continued to grow throughout the Middle Ages. From 1060 to roughly 1656, the Catholic Church controlled the city, adding over time a large church, a castle, a university, and several shop-adorned plazas. But by the end of the 17th Century, the Black Plague left Craco’s population depleted, and eventually the routine occurrence of earthquakes in the surrounding Basilicata region created unsustainable living conditions for its citizens. In 1963, the last inhabitants were forced out by the Italian government. Craco has occasionally been used as a set piece for major Hollywood productions in the decades since its abandonment. 7. Hashima Island Though it was opened to tourists in 2009, access to this abandoned island is strictly monitored by the Japanese government due to safety concerns stemming from an overall lack of structural integrity. Originally a mining town, Hashima was settled in 1887 and continued to function until the 1970s, when Japan’s coal industry fell apart after the country developed a greater dependence on petrol. Though the Japanese have sought recognition for the island as a world heritage site, international objections have kept it from reaching such a designation due to Hashima’s history as a forced labor camp for Chinese and Korean prisoners of war. Hashima’s decrepit highrises and eerie, echoing streets were made famous to Western audiences by the 2012 James Bond film Skyfall. Film sets were modeled after the long-uninhabited island during the design process of the fictional hideout for Bond villain, Raoul Silva.
Views: 25878 Factnomenal
Full Episode | Flights And Fights - Inside The Low Cost Airline | BBC Documentary
The inside story of the low cost airlines is a tale of big characters and big money. Ryanair's Michael O'Leary and EasyJet's Sir Stelios Haji-Ioannou opened up new frontiers in the aviation industry as their airlines offered cheap flights to a vast range of popular and alternative destinations. As the cost of flying keeps increasing, how much further can these companies grow? Stelios, EasyJet's biggest shareholder, is trying to halt its expansion, while O'Leary has just placed a massive order for new planes. This documentary tells the incredible true story of how low cost flight was born, shining a light on the main players' history, their ethos, their business strategy and their outlandish publicity stunts. Subscribe: http://bit.ly/BBCDocs Welcome to the BBC Documentary channel, offering audiences long-form documentaries that deliver a thought provoking and captivating viewing experience inside key moments from history and the lives of fascinating people. Want to share your views with the team? Join our fan panel: https://tinyurl.com/YouTube-DC-Panel Due to rights and sales restrictions, content on the channel may not be available in all territories. The availability of certain content may also change over time. This is a channel from BBC Studios who help fund new BBC programmes.Service information and feedback: http://bbcworldwide.com/vod-feedback--contact-details.aspx
Views: 342917 BBC Documentary
Magnificent Mega Cities: Dubai (Anthropology Documentary) | Spark
A metropolis in the desert. Rapid city development combined with pride and tradition. Historical landmarks categorise Dubai, as does the most expensive hotel in the world. From the sand dunes stretching into the sky, this sparkling city has come a long way. Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SparkDocs/ Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/spark_channel/?hl=undefined Subscribe to Spark for more amazing science, tech and engineering videos - https://goo.gl/LIrlur Content licensed from TVF International to Little Dot Studios. Produced by Lona Media. #Megacities #Dubai #Anthropology #city #citydevelopment #architecture #desertcity #burjkhalifa #burjalarabJumeirah #science #technology #engineering #luxury #tradition
Views: 31905 Spark
Cities Skylines EP13: Raw Materials Shortage
Today we take a look at the city as a whole again - do more 'move it' tweaking on roads and rails and make good headway into sorting the materials shortage. Song 1: KZ Chillzone - Pelican Peter https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1rhstBOhHw Song 2 - David Cutter - Day I met her https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ePZsOwdHRCY Agusingnavy's workshop: http://steamcommunity.com/workshop/filedetails/?id=779007671 My 2016 gaming setup - Microphone Blue Snowball: http://amzn.to/20o0rkR Case: Fractal Design Define S: http://amzn.to/20o0w8r Processor: Intel Core i5 6600K: http://amzn.to/1XL2X5T CPU Cooler: Corsair H100i GT: http://amzn.to/20o0XPU Motherboard: MSI Z170A Gaming M7: http://amzn.to/1XL34i7 GPU: MSI GTX 970 4G: http://amzn.to/20o0NYZ Memory: Corsair Vengence 16GB: http://amzn.to/20o1bqe Power Supply: Corsair HX750i: http://amzn.to/1XL3mpa BitFenix Alchemy 2.0 Red and Black PSU Cables: http://amzn.to/20o1KjZ NZXT Hue+: http://amzn.to/1XL3gh9 Samsung 120GB SSD: http://amzn.to/20o1wcs AOC 21.5” IPS Monitor: http://amzn.to/20o1rWe Help my channel by purchasing on Amazon through this link: http://amzn.to/20o0rkR Or through Overclockers UK: https://www.overclockers.co.uk/?tap_a...
Views: 14498 Yama Epona
Places to see in ( Pontyclun - UK )
Places to see in ( Pontyclun - UK ) Pontyclun is a village located in the County Borough of Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales. Like the surrounding towns, it has seen a sharp increase in its population in the last ten years as people migrate south from the South Wales Valleys, and west from the capital city of Cardiff. Pontyclun translates from the Welsh language as 'bridge [over] the River Clun', the Clun being a tributary of the River Ely that runs through Pontyclun. A bridge crosses the Afon Clun just above its confluence with the Ely. The village is served by Pontyclun railway station on the South Wales Main Line. It has its own local rugby club. The village falls under the remit of Pontyclun Community Council, which represents the communities of Brynsadler, Castell y Mwnws, Groes-faen, Miskin, Mwyndy, Pontyclun, Talygarn, and Ynysddu (recently added, previously Llanharan It was the influx of workers for the iron ore and coal mining industries, together with the coming of the South Wales Railway (in 1851) that changed Pontyclun from a 20-acre (8.1 ha) farm with just four to five households into a burgeoning Victorian industrial town. The Coedcae Colliery (first listed in 1856) and the Bute iron ore mine (which opened in October 1852) caused the population growth. By 1871, the census returns record an influx of Cornish miners who had suffered from the collapse of the copper mining industry in Cornwall. By 1870 the industries of the area had been expanded by the coming of the Ely Tin Plate Works, The Pipe Works and The Steam Joinery Company. Pontyclun has both a football and rugby union team. Pontyclun Football Club were formed in 1896 and joined the Football Association of Wales in 1922. Pontyclun Rugby Football Club (otherwise known as the Pontyclun Badgers), were formed in 1886 and joined the Welsh Rugby Union in 1887. Pontyclun has produced at least one Welsh international, Tommy Rees who later played rugby league for Great Britain, and Oldham. Bethel Baptist Chapel was built circa 1876. Bethel relocated to Bethel Baptist Church Centre on Heol Miskin in 1993. Cwrt Bethel is on the site of the old chapel. St Paul's church, Pontyclun was erected in 1895 as a district church within the parish of Llantrisant. In 1924, the new parish of Pontyclun and Talygarn was constituted from the parish of Llantrisant. Bethel Baptist Church, Hope Presbyterian Church and St Paul's Church are still active places of worship. ( Pontyclun - UK ) is well know as a tourist destination because of the variety of places you can enjoy while you are visiting Pontyclun . Through a series of videos we will try to show you recommended places to visit in Pontyclun - UK Join us for more : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCLP2J3yzHO9rZDyzie5Y5Og http://placestoseein87.blogspot.com.eg/ https://plus.google.com/108460845579164318812 https://www.facebook.com/placestoseein87/ https://twitter.com/Placestoseein1 https://www.tumblr.com/blog/placestoseein https://www.pinterest.com/placestoseein87/places-to-see-in/
Views: 236 Places to see in
Today I explored an abandoned coal mine in Wardley, Gateshead. Leave a like on the video and I'll return here to film at night (with a friend). Follow this link for directions to the abandoned building from Pelaw metro, the nearest Tyne & Wear Metro station to this: https://www.google.co.uk/maps/dir/Pelaw+Metro,+Gateshead/54.9523575,-1.5266169/@54.9508815,-1.5292017,16z/am=t/data=!4m23!4m22!1m15!1m1!1s0x487e70757875bb81:0xa0483e51649c9e84!2m2!1d-1.540798!2d54.952263!3m4!1m2!1d-1.5394644!2d54.9512611!3s0x487e70757dd92c1f:0xadfdf9375eb80760!3m4!1m2!1d-1.5350841!2d54.9516365!3s0x487e700aa0e8dd69:0x1ecb18c2d48eae5e!1m0!3e2!6m3!1i0!2i0!3i10
Views: 234 Abandoned Lewiis
Working Animals in Britain’s Past
On the second anniversary of International Working Animal Day, we look at the fundamental role played by working animals in shaping Britain and their vital contribution to developing countries Working animals are a distant memory in the UK despite their fundamental role in Britain’s past and many of the world’s developing countries today. New research released today by international animal charity SPANA finds that nearly 40 per cent of the nation does not even know what a working animal is, with 22 per cent of Brits confessing to have never heard the term ‘working animal’ before. When asked what a working animal is, 41 per cent of the surveyed Brits inaccurately think they are animals used for entertainment; 32 per cent of Brits assume they are farm animals, such as dairy cows; 11 per cent think they are animals used in media while some (two per cent) even go as far as believing they are pets brought into the office by their owners. This year marks the second anniversary of International Working Animal Day, which aims to raise awareness of the vital role played by working animals. For centuries, working animals - such as horses and oxen - were the main source of power in the UK and the driving force of agriculture, transport, mining and warfare. In 1900, almost every vehicle on the streets of London was horse-drawn and pit ponies were still working underground in British coal mines in 1999. “When we hear the term ‘horsepower’ today, most people think of fast cars. But, in Britain, horses and other working animals were our engines for thousands of years. They helped build our towns and cities, farmed our land and were our main form of transport. Their contribution to British economic and social development is indisputable. Yet, it’s a bond many have forgotten,” said Geoffrey Dennis, Chief Executive of SPANA. Whilst cart horses and pit ponies have been replaced by cars, buses, tractors and trains in the UK today, working animals continue to play a vital role in developing countries worldwide. Nearly one billion of the world’s poorest people rely on working animals for their livelihoods, with an estimated 200 million working animals doing the job of trucks, tractors and taxis. This campaign has the support of Paul O’Grady, Ben Fogle and Deborah Meaden and their endorsement quotations are listed below: Paul O’Grady “It breaks my heart to see how hard horses, donkeys, mules and camels have to work around the world, pulling carts and carrying heavy loads. Despite how important they are, many will lead short, painful lives. Hardly any receive even basic vet care when they’re sick or injured, as it’s often not available and their owners simply can’t afford it. They deserve better. That’s why I support SPANA, the charity that gets free lifesaving vet care to working animals. Today I’m asking you to join me in backing SPANA’s International Working Animal Day. We need governments and aid organisations around the world to recognise the massive contribution of working animals and to make sure they get the treatment, care and compassion they deserve.” Ben Fogle “For over a billion people worldwide, a working animal is a vital necessity. Working animals represent their transport, their means of collecting firewood and water, and their only way of making a small income to provide for their families. That’s why I support SPANA’s work offering free veterinary treatment to working animals in need, and why on International Working Animal Day I’m asking that these animal heroes get the recognition they deserve.” Deborah Meaden “Working animals are no longer a common sight on the streets of Britain as they once were. But, all around the world, these animals still play a vital role and make it possible for the very poorest families to get by and survive. All too often the welfare of working animals is forgotten or ignored. On International Working Animal Day, please join me in supporting SPANA's work of building a more compassionate future for working animals. www.spana.org / www.spana.org/IWAD
Views: 473 BroadcastExchange
Smog chokes coal-addicted Poland
The soupy grey layer of smog shrouding Polish cities and towns this winter is one of the most visible symptoms of the EU member's addiction to coal, a deadly habit forcing many to stay indoors or don masks before venturing out.
Views: 1521 AFP news agency
American History - Part 130 - Immigration in the 1880s
Cloth factories in Fall River, Massachusetts, were filled with young men from Lancashire, England. Most of the workers in the shipyards of San Francisco were from Scotland. Many of the coal miners in America were men from the British mines in Wales. Many were farmers who came to America because they could get land for nothing. They could build new farms for themselves in the rich land of the American west. One of the best-liked songs in Britain then was a song about the better life in America. Its name: "To The West." Its words helped many men decide to make the move to America. "To the West, to the West, to the land of the free Where mighty Missouri rolls down to the sea; Where a man is a man if he's willing to toil. And the poorest may harvest the fruits of the soil. Where the young may exult and the aged may rest, Away, far away, to the land of the west." To another group of immigrants, America was the last hope. Ireland in the eighteen forties suffered one crop failure after another. Hungry men had to leave. In eighteen fifty alone, more than one hundred seventeen thousand people came to the United States from Ireland. Most had no money and little education. To those men and women, America was a magic name. As the years passed, fewer people were moving to America for a better job. Most were coming now for any job at all. Work was hard to find in any of the cities in Europe. In the next ten years, millions of people made the move from Britain, Germany, and the Scandinavian countries. But then, as industry in those countries grew larger, and more jobs opened, the flood of immigration began to slow. The immigrants now were coming from southern and eastern Europe. Anti-Jewish feeling swept Russia and Poland. Violence against Jews caused many of them to move to America. In the late eighteen eighties, cholera spread through much of southern Italy. Fear of the disease led many families to leave for the United States. Others left when their governments began building up strong armies. Young men who did not want to be soldiers often escaped by moving to America. Big armies were costly, and many people left because they did not want to pay the high taxes. Whatever the reason, people continued to emigrate to the United States. These new immigrants were not like those who came earlier. These new immigrants had no skills. Most were unable to read or write. Factory owners found that these eastern and southern Europeans were hard workers. They did not protest because the work was hard and the pay was low. They did not demand better working conditions. They did not join unions or strike. Factory owners began to replace higher-paid American and British workers with the new immigrants. Business leaders wanted more of the new workers. They urged the immigrants to write letters to their friends and relatives in the old country. "Tell them to come to America, that there are plenty of jobs." Letters from America brought many more immigrants. The big steamship companies also helped industry to get more of the new workers. They paid thousands of agents throughout Europe to sell tickets for the trip to America. Their efforts meant that steamships bringing grain to Europe could return to America filled with immigrants. They came by the hundreds of thousands. People of all religions, from all across Europe. Many remained in New York and other eastern cities. But many others moved westward. They took jobs in the steel factories of Pennsylvania and the coal mines of West Virginia. They worked in the lumber camps of Michigan and in the stockyards and meat-packing plants of Chicago. Within a few years, foreign-born workers held most of the unskilled jobs in many American industries. American workers began to protest. They demanded an end to the flood of immigration. That will be our story in the next program of THE MAKING OF A NATION
Views: 5213 ListenAndReadAlong

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