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Galapagos Islands National Geographic Expeditions | (Ecuador) Our Awesome Planet Vlog (Part I)
 
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Galapagos Islands National Geographic Expeditions | (Ecuador) Our Awesome Planet Vlog (Part I) In Part 1, Todd and Tuliyani head out to the Galapagos with National Geographic on one of their ships, the Endeavor II. The first few days are filled with activities and getting to know what the Galapagos can offer. They visit the islands of San Cristobal, Española, Floreana, and Santa Cruz. Welcome to the Galapagos, an archipelago full of unique biota and rare animals. These islands are a part of Ecuador and located about 1000 km outside of South America. Darwin made the Galapagos famous when he stepped foot onto its shores and developed his theory of natural selection, changing the way we understand evolution. On the Islands of the Galapagos live several fearless animals who have never known any predators. To preserve their innocence, it is important to save the environment that the animals live in and the best way to do so is to educate the world about such a rare location. Watch as Todd and Tuliyani experience the Galapagos aboard the National Geographic Endeavor II and witness animals behave like they’ve never seen before. It’s an eventful first few days that leaves them at awe that such a place exists: marine iguanas that blend in with the rocks, sea lion pups that are just as playful as dogs and mockingbirds that steal whatever they can get.
Views: 4388 Our Awesome Planet
In Darwin's Footsteps: Witnessing the Origin of a New Species in the Galapagos
 
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Pulitzer-prize-winning author Jonathan Weiner of Columbia University will tell a story of discovery. By going back to the Galapagos year after year, scientists in Darwin’s islands have now witnessed an event that Darwin himself did not think could be seen at all. Darwin wrote that the origin of a new species would require “the lapse of ages.” But a small team of biologists has been observing the evolution of Darwin’s finches on a desert island in the center of the Galapagos archipelago for more than forty years. Their study shows that evolution can be surprisingly rapid and turbulent. The work throws light on many aspects of the science of life--including the science of the brain. Weiner is the author of The Beak of the Finch, and five other books. His writing has received many honors, including the National Book Critics Circle Award, the Los Angeles Times Book Award, and a Guggenheim Fellowship. He is the Maxwell M. Geffen Professor of Medical and Scientific Journalism at Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism. This talk is part of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Brain Insight Lecture series, offered free to the public to enhance understanding of the biology of the mind and the complexity of human behavior. The lectures are hosted by The Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute at Columbia University and supported by the Stavros Niarchos Foundation.
Views: 351 Columbia Live
From Supercontinents to Islands - Evolution in Motion
 
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Gonzalo Giribet, Professor of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Curator of Invertebrate Zoology, and Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University The biological diversity found on an island is closely related to the history of its formation. Islands such as New Zealand, Tasmania, New Caledonia, and Madagascar formed when the supercontinents Pangea and Gondwana broke apart millions of years ago. These islands inherited organisms from their continents of origin, but in the process of becoming isolated, the organisms diversified in ways—and at rates—that were unique. Gonzalo Giribet will discuss the evolutionary processes at play on these continental islands. Series supported by a generous gift from Drs. Herman and Joan Suit April 28, 2016
Galapagos 2016
 
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Scuba diving the Galapagos Islands with the Pittsburgh Scuba Center Crew.
Views: 113 Chris Clarke
El paso del Tiempo en Imágenes: El Progreso - Galápagos, 1888-1947
 
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Estas fotografías muestran la transformación del paisaje de la zona húmeda de la Isla San Cristóbal ocasionado por la intensa actividad agrícola durante finales del siglo 19 y el posterior abandono de la Hacienda El Progreso. These pictures show the landscape transformation of the highlands of San Cristobal Island caused by the intense agricultural activity during the late 19th century and the subsequent abandonment of El Progreso Plantation. UVIC, SFU (Canada), USFQ (Ecuador) Música: "V de Vendetta" - The Liners Producción: LaVainillaFilms © 2016
Views: 182 LaVainillaFilms
Guano
 
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Guano (via Spanish, ultimately from the Quechua wanu) is the excrement of seabirds, cave-dwelling bats, pinnipeds, or (in English usage) birds in general. As a manure, guano is a highly effective fertilizer due to its exceptionally high content of nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium, three nutrients essential for plant growth. The nineteenth-century guano trade played a pivotal role in the development of modern input-intensive farming practices and inspired the formal human colonization of remote bird islands in many parts of the world. During the twentieth century, guano-producing birds became an important target of conservation programs and influenced the development of environmental consciousness. Today, guano is increasingly sought after by organic farmers. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 645 Audiopedia
Conheça a biodiversidade de Raja Ampat
 
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Conheça a biodiversidade de Raja Ampat Localizada no Triângulo dos Corais, conjunto de ilhas destaca-se como a região de maior biodiversidade marinha do planeta Credito: TV Estadão
Views: 49 Mystery Hunter
Impactos Antrópicos.
 
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Vídeo dos alunos de Agronomia 4ª Período UFRPE-UAG Disciplina: Agroecologia Professor: Renato Molica EQUIPE: Alisson Paiva, Arthur Torres, Mauricio do Ó, Petrônio Lemos e Eduardo Pierre
Views: 358 Alisson Paiva
Loberia Puerto de los Perros Galapagos
 
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El atractivo principal de este sitio es la presencia de lobos de Galápagos Zalophus wollebacki que están en la playa y en la bahía de la lobería. También se observa iguanas marinas Amblyrhynchus cristatus a lo largo de las orillas y en los arrecifes rocosos de la bahía se observan gran cantidad de tortugas marinas Chelonia midas agazzisi.
Darwin, Finches, and Hawaii
 
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Introduction to adaptive radiation
Views: 1527 mindrunner88
Community ecology: History and theory
 
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In this first of three lectures on community ecology, Dr. Dan Simberloff presents an overview of of community ecology, and highlights some of the foundational theorists in the field. He offers a definition of the field, which focuses on understanding how many species live in a geographically defined community, and why particular species do or do not coexist in the same community. He provides examples of historical and contemporary empirical studies that have structured and contributed to Darwin’s theory of naturalization, Elton’s ideas about species ratios and diversity, and Gause’s competitive exclusion principle. He also highlights more recent theories of limiting similarity and priority effects, and the temporal dimensions of changes in community composition. More information on the Immersion Program and other lectures can be found here: http://www.sesync.org/for-you/educator/programs/immersion.
Views: 1829 sesync annapolis
Национальный парк Гарахонай, Ла Гомера, Канарские острова 07.04.2014.(Garajonay national park)
 
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Национальный парк Гарахонай (исп. Parque nacional de Garajonay) расположен в центральной части острова Гомера, Канарские острова, Испания. Получил статус национального парка в 1981 году, а в 1986 году был включён в список Всемирного наследия ЮНЕСКО. Площадь парка составляет 40 км². Название парка произошло от скалы Гарахонай, самой высокой точки острова (1484 м). Небольшое плато, расположенное на территории парка находится на высоте 790—1400 м над уровнем моря. В парке произрастают хорошо сохранившиеся лавровые влажные субтропические леса (монтеверде), в третичный период покрывавшие большую часть Европы. Подобные леса, которые также сохранились на Азорских островах и островах Мадейра, состоят из лавровых вечнозелёных деревьев, достигающих в высоты 40 м, под которыми образуется богатая биота из травянистых растений, подлеска, беспозвоночных, птиц и летучих мышей. Многие виды растений являются эндемичными для Канарских островов. Леса занимают 70 % площади парка. Garajonay National Park (Spanish: Parque nacional de Garajonay) is located in the center and north of the island of La Gomera, one of the Canary Islands (Spain). It was declared a national park in 1981 and a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986. It occupies 40 km2 (15 sq mi) and it extends into each of the six municipalities on the island. The park is named after the rock formation of Garajonay, the highest point on the island at 1,487 m (4,869 feet). It also includes a small plateau whose altitude is 790-1,400 m above sea level. The park provides the best example of Canarian laurisilva, a humid subtropical forest that in the Tertiary covered almost all of Southern Europe. It is also found on the Azores and the Madeira Islands. Laurus azorica, known as Azores Laurel, or by the Portuguese names Louro, Loureiro, Louro-da-terra, and Louro-de-cheiro, can be found in the park, as well as Laurus novocanariensis, known as Canary Laurel. Although named as a single type of forest, the National Park englobes several varieties of forests. Most humid and protected valleys oriented to the North have the richest and most complex forests. It is known as valley laurisilva, a true subtropical rainforest where the largest laurel trees can be found. At higher altitudes, with less protection from wind and sun, the forest loses some of its more delicate species. Here it is called slope laurisilva (laurisilva de ladera). At the south the forest is mainly a mix of beech and heather, species adapted to the less humid atmosphere. Other attractions of the National Park are the massive rocks that are found along the island. These are former volcanoes whose shapes have been carved by erosion. Some, like the "Fortaleza" (fortress in Spanish) were considered sacred by the native islanders, as well as ideal refuges when attacked. The park is crossed by a large network of 18 footpaths, trekking being one of the main tourist activities in the island. Many of the species are endemic to the Canary Islands, and harbor a rich biota of understory plants, invertebrates, and birds and bats, including a number of endemic species. Two species of reptile, Gallotia gomerana (Gomeran lizard) and Chalcides viridanus (Gomeran skink), can be found. Amphibians include the stripeless tree frog, Hyla meridionalis. The park is renowned as one of the best places to observe the two Canarian endemic pigeons, Laurel Pigeon (Columba junoniae) and Bolle's Pigeon (Columba bollii). In August 2012, a forest fire burned 747 hectareas (18%) of this national park.
Views: 391 Natalia K.
History of biogeography | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogeography 00:02:25 1 Introduction 00:05:15 2 History 00:05:24 2.1 18th century 00:10:23 2.2 19th century 00:14:09 2.3 20th and 21st century 00:17:29 3 Modern applications 00:19:00 4 Paleobiogeography 00:22:01 5 Concepts and fields 00:23:26 5.1 Comparative biogeography 00:24:12 6 Biogeographic regionalisations 00:25:11 7 See also 00:25:20 8 Notes and references 00:25:30 9 Further reading 00:28:13 10 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8584137468657096 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. Organisms and biological communities often vary in a regular fashion along geographic gradients of latitude, elevation, isolation and habitat area. Phytogeography is the branch of biogeography that studies the distribution of plants. Zoogeography is the branch that studies distribution of animals. Knowledge of spatial variation in the numbers and types of organisms is as vital to us today as it was to our early human ancestors, as we adapt to heterogeneous but geographically predictable environments. Biogeography is an integrative field of inquiry that unites concepts and information from ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography.Modern biogeographic research combines information and ideas from many fields, from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating at global spatial scales and evolutionary time frames. The short-term interactions within a habitat and species of organisms describe the ecological application of biogeography. Historical biogeography describes the long-term, evolutionary periods of time for broader classifications of organisms. Early scientists, beginning with Carl Linnaeus, contributed to the development of biogeography as a science. Beginning in the mid-18th century, Europeans explored the world and discovered the biodiversity of life. The scientific theory of biogeography grows out of the work of Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), Hewett Cottrell Watson (1804–1881), Alphonse de Candolle (1806–1893), Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913), Philip Lutley Sclater (1829–1913) and other biologists and explorers.
Views: 8 wikipedia tts
The Cook Islands Whale and Wildlife Centre - Cook island attraction
 
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Welcome to the Cook Islands Whale and Wild Life Centre http://www.cookislandswildlifecentre.com/ We are a must see attraction here in the Cook Islands. We are only the one place you can visit to learn all about the wildlife here in the cook islands. All our exhibits are hands on so more fun for everyone! We are a must see rarotongan attractions when you come to the cook islands and with every admission you will be helping out the Whale research program headed by the world biologist Nan Hauser. So next time you are in the cook islands come visit us!
Views: 165 Byron Brown
History of biogeography | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogeography 00:02:23 1 Introduction 00:05:11 2 History 00:05:20 2.1 18th century 00:10:11 2.2 19th century 00:13:51 2.3 20th and 21st century 00:17:07 3 Modern applications 00:18:35 4 Paleobiogeography 00:21:34 5 Concepts and fields 00:22:59 5.1 Comparative biogeography 00:23:44 6 Biogeographic regionalisations 00:24:42 7 See also 00:24:51 8 Notes and references 00:25:01 9 Further reading 00:27:48 10 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7040175971265333 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. Organisms and biological communities often vary in a regular fashion along geographic gradients of latitude, elevation, isolation and habitat area. Phytogeography is the branch of biogeography that studies the distribution of plants. Zoogeography is the branch that studies distribution of animals. Knowledge of spatial variation in the numbers and types of organisms is as vital to us today as it was to our early human ancestors, as we adapt to heterogeneous but geographically predictable environments. Biogeography is an integrative field of inquiry that unites concepts and information from ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography.Modern biogeographic research combines information and ideas from many fields, from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating at global spatial scales and evolutionary time frames. The short-term interactions within a habitat and species of organisms describe the ecological application of biogeography. Historical biogeography describes the long-term, evolutionary periods of time for broader classifications of organisms. Early scientists, beginning with Carl Linnaeus, contributed to the development of biogeography as a science. Beginning in the mid-18th century, Europeans explored the world and discovered the biodiversity of life. The scientific theory of biogeography grows out of the work of Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), Hewett Cottrell Watson (1804–1881), Alphonse de Candolle (1806–1893), Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913), Philip Lutley Sclater (1829–1913) and other biologists and explorers.
Views: 7 wikipedia tts
How to Pronounce Beche De Mer
 
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Learn how to say Beche De Mer correctly with EmmaSaying's "how do you pronounce" free tutorials http://www.emmasaying.com
Views: 890 Emma Saying
Allopatric speciation | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allopatric_speciation 00:03:41 1 Vicariance model 00:06:46 1.1 Reproductive isolation 00:08:40 1.2 Reinforcement 00:10:50 1.3 Mathematical models 00:12:29 2 Other models 00:13:11 2.1 Peripatric 00:15:08 2.2 Centrifugal 00:16:20 2.3 Microallopatric 00:17:48 2.4 Modes with secondary contact 00:18:53 3 Observational evidence 00:20:56 3.1 Endemism 00:24:54 3.2 Isthmus of Panama 00:27:24 3.3 Refugia 00:29:00 3.4 Superspecies 00:31:36 4 Laboratory evidence 00:37:38 5 History and research techniques Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9034225511555127 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Allopatric speciation (from Ancient Greek ἄλλος, allos, meaning "other", and πατρίς, patris, "fatherland"), also referred to as geographic speciation, vicariant speciation, or its earlier name, the dumbbell model, is a mode of speciation that occurs when biological populations of the same species become isolated from each other to an extent that prevents or interferes with gene flow. Various geographic changes can arise such as the movement of continents, and the formation of mountains, islands, bodies of water, or glaciers. Human activity such as agriculture or developments can also change the distribution of species populations. These factors can substantially alter a region's geography, resulting in the separation of a species population into isolated subpopulations. The vicariant populations then undergo genetic changes as they become subjected to different selective pressures, experience genetic drift, and accumulate different mutations in the separated populations gene pools. The barriers prevent the exchange of genetic information between the two populations leading to reproductive isolation. If the two populations come into contact they will be unable to reproduce—effectively speciating. Other isolating factors such as population dispersal leading to emigration can cause speciation (for instance, the dispersal and isolation of a species on an oceanic island) and is considered a special case of allopatric speciation called peripatric speciation. Allopatric speciation is typically subdivided into two major models: vicariance and peripatric. Both models differ from one another by virtue of their population sizes and geographic isolating mechanisms. The terms allopatry and vicariance are often used in biogeography to describe the relationship between organisms whose ranges do not significantly overlap but are immediately adjacent to each other—they do not occur together or only occur within in a narrow zone of contact. Historically, the language used to refer to modes of speciation directly reflected biogeographical distributions. As such, allopatry is a geographical distribution opposed to sympatry (speciation within the same area). Furthermore, the terms allopatric, vicariant, and geographical speciation are often used interchangeably in the scientific literature. This article will follow a similar theme, with the exception of special cases such as peripatric, centrifugal, among others. Observation of nature creates difficulties in witnessing allopatric speciation from "start-to-finish" as it operates as a dynamic process. From this arises a host of various issues in defining species, defining isolating barriers, measuring reproductive isolation, among others. Nevertheless, verbal and mathematical models, laboratory experiments, and empirical evidence overwhelmingly supports the occurrence of allopatric speciation in nature. Mathematical modeling of the genetic basis of reproductive isolation supports the plausibility of allopatric speciation; whereas laboratory experiments of Drosophila and other animal and plant species have confirmed that reproductive isolation evolves as a byproduct of natural selection.
Views: 3 wikipedia tts
Explore Banda -  Snorkeling in karnovol
 
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Pemandangan bawah laut yang menakjubkan pada saat snorkeling di karnovol dengan berbagai jenis terumbu karang unik dan biota-biota unik lainnya. disini kami menemukan sekumpulan ikan bumphead dan penyu hijau.
Views: 68 Miftahul Khair
[Wikipedia] Christian Jost (geographer)
 
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Christian H. Jost is a French Geographer. Christian (Henri) Jost is Professor of Geography and Development at the University of French Polynesia (UPF) in Tahiti (Fr) and Researcher at the Center for Insular Research and Observatory of the Environment (CRIOBE) one of France's leading laboratories for the study of coral ecosystems. After thirteen years in various position and universities in Africa (Zaïre, Rwanda, Cameroon, Togo) and two years on development projects in India (Andhra-Pradesh and Gujarat), he went as professor at the University of New Caledonia where he opened the first diploma in Geography(BSc) and spent a year as visiting fellow at Sydney University. He then went to University of Lorraine – Metz where he was Director of the Geographical Research Center from 2006 to 2011, then joined the University of French Polynesia, where he is dean of the Faculty of Human Sciences, Languages and Literature. He is associated researcher to PRODIG UMR 8586 Research unit of CNRS Paris Sorbonne 1, IV, Paris 7 universities and IRD, His research domains are on - Systems of constraints and challenges of development and environmental management in the Souths - Eco-geosystemic evolution, coastal dynamics, geopolitics and valorization of the territory of La Passion - Clipperton - Water and Risks - Island Geosystems - Sociocultural and Ecosystem Values and Indicators of Landscapes as Decision Support. Although the author of over 150 scientific papers on various subjects, Jost is particularly associated with Clipperton Island on which he is working for the past twenty years and went five times through expeditions he organized. Surveys he made there in 1997 and 2001 (confirmed in 2005) established that Clipperton is the largest colony of masked boobies in the world, with 110,000 individuals at that time. Jost was a member of SURPACLIPP, Viviane Solis-Weiss's 1997 Franco—Mexican oceanographic expedition to Clipperton (a joint venture of the National Autonomous University of Mexico and the University of New Caledonia), then led the 2001 follow-up expedition Passion 2001, which provided updated data on the geography, environment, water resources and management constraints of the atoll. In April 2015 he organized the international scientific expedition PASSION 2015 with the assistance of the French Navy and French Army and brought fourteen scientists from France, France Overseas territories and Mexico to study reef biota, coastal dynamics, flora inventory, waste inventory and fauna studies, etc. This was followed in October by an Important Colloquium he co-organized with French Deputy Deputy Philippe Folliot and CPOM ONG at the French Assemblée Nationale (Parliament). He has been widely invited to give Conferences, Master or Doctorate seminars, or participate to international Workshops and Congress, among which, Québec several universities; Rio de Janeiro, UFF, 2011 as co-organizer of the first world Congress on Risks and civil security, invited by the Charles Darwin Foundation, Galapagos at the international Workshop on sustainable development of islands facing tourism; invited by Tioumen State University, Siberia, Russia, 2010 for an international workshop on sustainable development; Agadir and Fès, Marocco, from 2008 annually for Conferences and Master courses and student field tour; Cuba, Uni. La Havanna, 2007, 2008; Hawaii, Manoa Uni. & EWC; Mexico, UNAM; Sydney, Uni. Sydney, UNSW; Suva, USP, Fiji islands; Port-Vila, Vanuatu, etc. Jost has also researched and written on other aspects of geography and ecology of the Pacific Ocean, and has worked, studied, and traveled extensively in Africa and Asia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_Jost_(geographer) Please support this channel and help me upload more videos. Become one of my Patreons at https://www.patreon.com/user?u=3823907
Views: 8 WikiTubia
Biogeography | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Biogeography Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. Organisms and biological communities often vary in a regular fashion along geographic gradients of latitude, elevation, isolation and habitat area. Phytogeography is the branch of biogeography that studies the distribution of plants. Zoogeography is the branch that studies distribution of animals. Knowledge of spatial variation in the numbers and types of organisms is as vital to us today as it was to our early human ancestors, as we adapt to heterogeneous but geographically predictable environments. Biogeography is an integrative field of inquiry that unites concepts and information from ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography.Modern biogeographic research combines information and ideas from many fields, from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating at global spatial scales and evolutionary time frames. The short-term interactions within a habitat and species of organisms describe the ecological application of biogeography. Historical biogeography describes the long-term, evolutionary periods of time for broader classifications of organisms. Early scientists, beginning with Carl Linnaeus, contributed to the development of biogeography as a science. Beginning in the mid-18th century, Europeans explored the world and discovered the biodiversity of life. The scientific theory of biogeography grows out of the work of Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), Hewett Cottrell Watson (1804–1881), Alphonse de Candolle (1806–1893), Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913), Philip Lutley Sclater (1829–1913) and other biologists and explorers.
Views: 10 wikipedia tts
Biogeographic | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogeography 00:02:18 1 Introduction 00:05:00 2 History 00:05:08 2.1 18th century 00:09:50 2.2 19th century 00:13:24 2.3 20th and 21st century 00:16:34 3 Modern applications 00:18:00 4 Paleobiogeography 00:20:51 5 Concepts and fields 00:22:11 5.1 Comparative biogeography 00:22:55 6 Biogeographic regionalisations 00:23:50 7 See also 00:23:59 8 Notes and references 00:24:09 9 Further reading 00:26:48 10 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8630204629735947 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. Organisms and biological communities often vary in a regular fashion along geographic gradients of latitude, elevation, isolation and habitat area. Phytogeography is the branch of biogeography that studies the distribution of plants. Zoogeography is the branch that studies distribution of animals. Knowledge of spatial variation in the numbers and types of organisms is as vital to us today as it was to our early human ancestors, as we adapt to heterogeneous but geographically predictable environments. Biogeography is an integrative field of inquiry that unites concepts and information from ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography.Modern biogeographic research combines information and ideas from many fields, from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating at global spatial scales and evolutionary time frames. The short-term interactions within a habitat and species of organisms describe the ecological application of biogeography. Historical biogeography describes the long-term, evolutionary periods of time for broader classifications of organisms. Early scientists, beginning with Carl Linnaeus, contributed to the development of biogeography as a science. Beginning in the mid-18th century, Europeans explored the world and discovered the biodiversity of life. The scientific theory of biogeography grows out of the work of Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), Hewett Cottrell Watson (1804–1881), Alphonse de Candolle (1806–1893), Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913), Philip Lutley Sclater (1829–1913) and other biologists and explorers.
Views: 10 wikipedia tts
Japan Tsunami  Debris Conference - Part 3.mov
 
38:01
Surfrider Kaua`i and Kaua`i Community College Marine Option Program sponsored this important conference. This talk given by MS.Carey Morishige of NOAA talks about NOAA's plan for monitoring and removal of debris.There are three more videos, parts 1, 2, 4. All videos are closed captioned.
Views: 1138 Robert Zelkovsky
Biogeography | Wikipedia audio article
 
23:57
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogeography 00:02:01 1 Introduction 00:04:21 2 History 00:04:30 2.1 18th century 00:08:33 2.2 19th century 00:11:37 2.3 20th and 21st century 00:14:21 3 Modern applications 00:15:37 4 Paleobiogeography 00:18:05 5 Concepts and fields 00:19:17 5.1 Comparative biogeography 00:19:56 6 Biogeographic regionalisations 00:20:46 7 See also 00:20:55 8 Notes and references 00:21:04 9 Further reading 00:23:22 10 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. Organisms and biological communities often vary in a regular fashion along geographic gradients of latitude, elevation, isolation and habitat area. Phytogeography is the branch of biogeography that studies the distribution of plants. Zoogeography is the branch that studies distribution of animals. Knowledge of spatial variation in the numbers and types of organisms is as vital to us today as it was to our early human ancestors, as we adapt to heterogeneous but geographically predictable environments. Biogeography is an integrative field of inquiry that unites concepts and information from ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography.Modern biogeographic research combines information and ideas from many fields, from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating at global spatial scales and evolutionary time frames. The short-term interactions within a habitat and species of organisms describe the ecological application of biogeography. Historical biogeography describes the long-term, evolutionary periods of time for broader classifications of organisms. Early scientists, beginning with Carl Linnaeus, contributed to the development of biogeography as a science. Beginning in the mid-18th century, Europeans explored the world and discovered the biodiversity of life. The scientific theory of biogeography grows out of the work of Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), Hewett Cottrell Watson (1804–1881), Alphonse de Candolle (1806–1893), Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913), Philip Lutley Sclater (1829–1913) and other biologists and explorers.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
Biogeographer | Wikipedia audio article
 
24:57
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogeography 00:02:04 1 Introduction 00:04:30 2 History 00:04:40 2.1 18th century 00:08:54 2.2 19th century 00:12:06 2.3 20th and 21st century 00:14:57 3 Modern applications 00:16:16 4 Paleobiogeography 00:18:48 5 Concepts and fields 00:20:03 5.1 Comparative biogeography 00:20:44 6 Biogeographic regionalisations 00:21:36 7 See also 00:21:46 8 Notes and references 00:21:56 9 Further reading 00:24:21 10 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9986023089465661 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. Organisms and biological communities often vary in a regular fashion along geographic gradients of latitude, elevation, isolation and habitat area. Phytogeography is the branch of biogeography that studies the distribution of plants. Zoogeography is the branch that studies distribution of animals. Knowledge of spatial variation in the numbers and types of organisms is as vital to us today as it was to our early human ancestors, as we adapt to heterogeneous but geographically predictable environments. Biogeography is an integrative field of inquiry that unites concepts and information from ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography.Modern biogeographic research combines information and ideas from many fields, from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating at global spatial scales and evolutionary time frames. The short-term interactions within a habitat and species of organisms describe the ecological application of biogeography. Historical biogeography describes the long-term, evolutionary periods of time for broader classifications of organisms. Early scientists, beginning with Carl Linnaeus, contributed to the development of biogeography as a science. Beginning in the mid-18th century, Europeans explored the world and discovered the biodiversity of life. The scientific theory of biogeography grows out of the work of Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), Hewett Cottrell Watson (1804–1881), Alphonse de Candolle (1806–1893), Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913), Philip Lutley Sclater (1829–1913) and other biologists and explorers.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
Biogeographic | Wikipedia audio article
 
34:03
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogeography 00:02:54 1 Introduction 00:06:13 2 History 00:06:22 2.1 18th century 00:12:15 2.2 19th century 00:16:40 2.3 20th and 21st century 00:20:35 3 Modern applications 00:22:21 4 Paleobiogeography 00:25:56 5 Concepts and fields 00:27:37 5.1 Comparative biogeography 00:28:29 6 Biogeographic regionalisations 00:29:37 7 See also 00:29:47 8 Notes and references 00:29:57 9 Further reading 00:33:14 10 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7196006977056908 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. Organisms and biological communities often vary in a regular fashion along geographic gradients of latitude, elevation, isolation and habitat area. Phytogeography is the branch of biogeography that studies the distribution of plants. Zoogeography is the branch that studies distribution of animals. Knowledge of spatial variation in the numbers and types of organisms is as vital to us today as it was to our early human ancestors, as we adapt to heterogeneous but geographically predictable environments. Biogeography is an integrative field of inquiry that unites concepts and information from ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography.Modern biogeographic research combines information and ideas from many fields, from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating at global spatial scales and evolutionary time frames. The short-term interactions within a habitat and species of organisms describe the ecological application of biogeography. Historical biogeography describes the long-term, evolutionary periods of time for broader classifications of organisms. Early scientists, beginning with Carl Linnaeus, contributed to the development of biogeography as a science. Beginning in the mid-18th century, Europeans explored the world and discovered the biodiversity of life. The scientific theory of biogeography grows out of the work of Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), Hewett Cottrell Watson (1804–1881), Alphonse de Candolle (1806–1893), Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913), Philip Lutley Sclater (1829–1913) and other biologists and explorers.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Paleobiogeography | Wikipedia audio article
 
32:27
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogeography 00:02:44 1 Introduction 00:05:55 2 History 00:06:05 2.1 18th century 00:11:42 2.2 19th century 00:15:56 2.3 20th and 21st century 00:19:41 3 Modern applications 00:21:21 4 Paleobiogeography 00:24:45 5 Concepts and fields 00:26:21 5.1 Comparative biogeography 00:27:12 6 Biogeographic regionalisations 00:28:17 7 See also 00:28:27 8 Notes and references 00:28:37 9 Further reading 00:31:41 10 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7568013806849202 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. Organisms and biological communities often vary in a regular fashion along geographic gradients of latitude, elevation, isolation and habitat area. Phytogeography is the branch of biogeography that studies the distribution of plants. Zoogeography is the branch that studies distribution of animals. Knowledge of spatial variation in the numbers and types of organisms is as vital to us today as it was to our early human ancestors, as we adapt to heterogeneous but geographically predictable environments. Biogeography is an integrative field of inquiry that unites concepts and information from ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography.Modern biogeographic research combines information and ideas from many fields, from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating at global spatial scales and evolutionary time frames. The short-term interactions within a habitat and species of organisms describe the ecological application of biogeography. Historical biogeography describes the long-term, evolutionary periods of time for broader classifications of organisms. Early scientists, beginning with Carl Linnaeus, contributed to the development of biogeography as a science. Beginning in the mid-18th century, Europeans explored the world and discovered the biodiversity of life. The scientific theory of biogeography grows out of the work of Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), Hewett Cottrell Watson (1804–1881), Alphonse de Candolle (1806–1893), Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913), Philip Lutley Sclater (1829–1913) and other biologists and explorers.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Biogeographically | Wikipedia audio article
 
25:41
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogeography 00:02:08 1 Introduction 00:04:40 2 History 00:04:48 2.1 18th century 00:09:10 2.2 19th century 00:12:29 2.3 20th and 21st century 00:15:25 3 Modern applications 00:16:45 4 Paleobiogeography 00:19:26 5 Concepts and fields 00:20:43 5.1 Comparative biogeography 00:21:25 6 Biogeographic regionalisations 00:22:19 7 See also 00:22:28 8 Notes and references 00:22:38 9 Further reading 00:25:04 10 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8112066325530304 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. Organisms and biological communities often vary in a regular fashion along geographic gradients of latitude, elevation, isolation and habitat area. Phytogeography is the branch of biogeography that studies the distribution of plants. Zoogeography is the branch that studies distribution of animals. Knowledge of spatial variation in the numbers and types of organisms is as vital to us today as it was to our early human ancestors, as we adapt to heterogeneous but geographically predictable environments. Biogeography is an integrative field of inquiry that unites concepts and information from ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography.Modern biogeographic research combines information and ideas from many fields, from the physiological and ecological constraints on organismal dispersal to geological and climatological phenomena operating at global spatial scales and evolutionary time frames. The short-term interactions within a habitat and species of organisms describe the ecological application of biogeography. Historical biogeography describes the long-term, evolutionary periods of time for broader classifications of organisms. Early scientists, beginning with Carl Linnaeus, contributed to the development of biogeography as a science. Beginning in the mid-18th century, Europeans explored the world and discovered the biodiversity of life. The scientific theory of biogeography grows out of the work of Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), Hewett Cottrell Watson (1804–1881), Alphonse de Candolle (1806–1893), Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913), Philip Lutley Sclater (1829–1913) and other biologists and explorers.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts