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How Big Oil Brainwashes Kids | Newsbroke (AJ+)
 
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Stay until the end for a hilarious sketch. Subscribe to Newsbroke for more investigative comedy! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnHXmyuAUm9eBR27NMDsSzQ?sub_confirmation=1 You might not know climate change is real and fossil fuels are the cause ... if your school relies on lesson plans from the oil industry. We're talking oil-backed children's books and a wannabe Bill Nye who tells kids fracking is completely harmless. That education is more important than ever now that Trump has pulled the U.S. from the Paris climate agreement. Newsbroke spin-vestigates.
Views: 29018 Newsbroke
Karl Marx Documentary
 
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Please order ebook/audiobook of this video to support our channel https://www.smashwords.com/books/view/653373, https://www.amazon.co.uk/Understanding-Karl-Marx/dp/B01JIVHE5K/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1539000096&sr=1-1&keywords=Karl+Marx+introbooks or https://www.audible.com/pd/Understanding-Karl-Marx-Audiobook/B01JIVHPRM?qid=1539000103&sr=sr_1_1&ref=a_search_c3_lProduct_1_1&pf_rd_p=e81b7c27-6880-467a-b5a7-13cef5d729fe&pf_rd_r=8V8AKPE03GZ6G3HWKW9E& Karl Marx named as socialism father advocated equality for all, sought tribalists rights to operatives and that there were state-owned enterprises to private lives of which profits are distributed to society for the welfare of all. He developed the idea that the nation excluding capitalism that benefited the worker and discards when this is not more productive. Watch this to learn more about Karl Marx's legacy.
Views: 1530 Education Channel
Climate Change, Biodiversity and the Future of Conservation in America
 
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A Conversation with Edward O. Wilson Pellegrino University Research Professor, Emeritus in Entomology at Harvard University Author, The Origins of Creativity, Half-Earth: Our Planet’s Fight for Life Two-time Pulitzer Prize Winner Terry Tempest Williams Writer-in-residence, Harvard Divinity School Naturalist and Environmental Writer Author, The Hour of Land: A Personal Topography of America’s National Parks Jonathan B. Jarvis Director, U.S. National Park Service (2009-2017) Executive Director, Institute for Parks, People and Biodiversity, University of California, Berkeley Author, The Future of Conservation in America: A Chart for Rough Water Linda J. Bilmes (Moderator) Daniel Patrick Moynihan Senior Lecturer in Public Policy, HKS Member, National Park Service Advisory Board
Emerging Issues in Natural Resources Policy
 
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The Institute for Policy Integrity's 10th Anniversary Conference Energy and Environmental Policy: The Quest for Rationality September 28, 2018 Panelists: • Nada Culver, Senior Counsel and Director, The Wilderness Society’s BLM Action Center • David J. Hayes, Executive Director, State Energy and Environmental Impact Center at NYU Law; former Deputy Secretary of the Interior • Brenda Mallory, Executive Director and Senior Counsel, Conservation Litigation Project; former General Counsel for the White House Council on Environmental Quality Moderator: • Jayni Hein, Policy Director, Institute for Policy Integrity
Views: 37 NYU School of Law
Alligator Territorial bellows
 
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This is some video taken in everglades national park on the anhinga trail during the dry season. Many alligators are in this area due to low water levels. The bellowing and raising out of the water is a territorial and mating display done by the male alligator.
Views: 306921 snook201
EXTREME WEATHER: Weird Winter's link to Global Warming
 
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Visit http://www.nwf.org/extremeweather for more information. Climate Scientist Dr. Amanda Staudt previews her newest report on the weird winter weather we've been experiencing and explains how it's consistent with what we expect from Global Warming. National Wildlife Federation works on protecting wildlife and wild places. To learn more go to http://bit.ly/1366fHf
Views: 7293 National Wildlife
The Energy Outlook in an Era of Change
 
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Former administrator of the U.S. Energy Information Administration Adam Sieminski gives his take.
Exposing the Illuminati, Freemasonry and CFR - 1967 Recording
 
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I know it's over 2 hours but it's worth listening to the whole thing and it applies to EVERY NATION in the world 2018. This is a full historical account of the Illuminati, the Council of Foreign Affairs, the House of Rothschild, every political family in the Western World, and the reasons for various wars. 1967-1968 Fagan recorded The Illuminati and the Council on Foreign Relations, three LP records documenting the activities of the house of Rothschild known as "The Illuminati" which were produced by Anthony J. Hilder. The full history of the Illuminati, how it started and what they want from us. He gives an account of all the lies we have been duped into believing as well as what they are planning for the future - some of which has already come true since he recorded it 51 years ago. - INCLUDING THE WAR ON TERROR AND THE MUSLIM THREAT. Here is a link to the written transcript: http://usa-the-republic.com Biographical Info: http://educate-yourself.org/nwo/ And here at Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myron_Coureval_Fagan
Richard Nixon And The Rise Of The Environment
 
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April 22, 2010: A discussion of how the Nixon Administration met the goals of the original Earth Day demonstrations of 1970. Participants included Christopher DeMuth, former Staff Assistant to the President working on environmental issues; William Ruckelshaus, first Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency; and John Whitaker, Associate Director of the White House Domestic Council for Energy, Environment, and Natural Resources. The Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum Situated on nine rolling acres in Yorba Linda, California, the Richard Nixon Presidential Library & Museum offers visitors an insider’s glimpse into the events, people and world that shaped, and were shaped by, the 37th President. Get information on visiting the Library and Museum at  https://www.nixonfoundation.org/about-the-library-museum/ Learn more about President Nixon's legacy at https://www.nixonfoundation.org/research-portal/ Save the date to host your event or wedding on our beautiful grounds at https://www.nixonfoundation.org/host-your-event-at-the-nixon-library/ Engage with us elsewhere online https://www.facebook.com/nixonfoundation https://twitter.com/nixonfoundation https://www.instagram.com/nixonfoundation/
The River of Healing
 
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On December 4, 2012, the Union of Ontario Indians HIV/AIDS program will launch a new video called "The River of Healing." The Union of Ontario Indians HIV/AIDS program coordinator Jody Cotter produced the video that focuses on harm reduction in drug use. "We focus on positive solutions such as youth prevention programs and strategies that help educate our people on the prevention of transmittable diseases such as Hepatitis C and HIV through unsafe drug use," says Cotter. "The video emphasizes the positive effects, such as healing, that can be brought about through effective methods of harm reduction. The aim of this video is to reduce the stigma and discrimination associated with drug use in our communities." The video launch is in conjunction with the HIV/AIDS "Little Spirit Moon" conference held December 4-5 in Toronto. Produced by The Union of Ontario Indians HIV/AIDS program in collaboration with Regan Pictures, The River of Healing features the participation of the Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network, the Ontario Aboriginal HIV/ AIDS Strategy, Nurture North, the AIDS Committee of North Bay and Area, and others impacted by HIV/AIDS. Funding for The River of Healing was provided by Health Canada and the Ontario Ministry of Health AIDS Bureau. For more information about the Union of Ontario Indians HIV/AIDS program, visit http://www.anishinabek.ca/hiv-aids.asp
Views: 5720 Anishinabek Nation
ch 11) Robber Barons And Rebels
 
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chapter 11: A People's History (Of The United States) Howard Zinn. ~ Chapter 11, "Robber Barons and Rebels" covers the rise of industrial corporations such as the railroads and banks and their transformation into the nation's dominant institutions, with corruption resulting in both industry and government. Also covered are the popular movements and individuals that opposed corruption, such as the Knights of Labor, Edward Bellamy, the Socialist Labor Party, the Haymarket martyrs, the Homestead strikers, Alexander Berkman, Emma Goldman, Eugene V. Debs, the American Railway Union, the Farmers' Alliance, and the Populist Party.
Views: 17842 andi burridge
Az Illustrated: Nature - June 26, 2013
 
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Greg Lucero, Wildcat Silver VP for Sustainable Development, speaks about mining proposals at Patagonia. Coronado National Forest's Communications Staff Officer Heidi Schewel, and Minerals and Geology Program Manager Mindy Vogel, discuss mining within public lands. Marcia Ring, Director of Marketing and Communications at Tohono Chul Park talks about the 'Queen of the Night' flowers.
ch 10) The Other Civil War
 
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chapter 10: A People's History (Of The United States) Howard Zinn. ~ Chapter 10, "The Other Civil War", covers the Anti-Rent movement, the Dorr Rebellion, the Flour Riot of 1837, the Molly Maguires, the rise of labor unions, the Lowell girls movement, and other class struggles centered around the various depressions of the 19th century. He describes the abuse of government power by corporations and the efforts by workers to resist those abuses.
Views: 9962 andi burridge
David Wilcock | Financial Tyranny on Russian TV, Pt. 2: Jan. 30, 2013
 
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Part Two of the epic Russian series, built off of David Wilcock's groundbreaking "Financial Tyranny," on how the Federal Reserve bankers secretly financed both sides of World War I and II. It was the ultimate bank robbery -- a sociopathic cabal of insiders who dreamed up and carried out the greatest crime in human history. They were stealing gold -- which had been held in central banks as collateral to print currency for hundreds of years. Some of the leaders secretly knew this was being done -- and were told it was for the good of humanity, as gold ownership would devastate world peace. The gold was secretly put "on deposit" with the Federal Reserve -- and exchanged for worthless bonds, with face values of up to a billion dollars each. This global heist allowed the Federal Reserve to eliminate all competition to their "magic printing press" -- so they could print 26 trillion dollars' worth of bailouts, as a Fed audit revealed. Imagine if you could write numbers on a piece of paper and get real value for it in exchange. This was the greatest stunt of all -- and the Cabal actually pulled it off, worldwide. A growing international alliance of countries want to defeat the Federal Reserve -- and restore unprecedented peace and prosperity to our planet. This is the second of two episodes of "We Never Dreamed," a popular show on REN-TV that airs on prime time. This episode was called "The Dark Magic of Gold," and aired on January 30, 2013. When the first episode aired on January 16, 2013, Germany demanded the Federal Reserve return 300 metric tons of gold "on deposit" that same day -- and also demanded France return their entire holdings of 376 metric tons. Russia bravely stepped forward to reveal the secrets of the Illuminati, Lucifer, the Bilderberg meetings, the New World Order, and the greatest criminal act in human history. See it now for the first time -- complete with English subtitles -- and enjoy! CLICK ON THE CC LINK IN THE WINDOW TO ACTIVATE ENGLISH SUBTITLES. [DISCLAIMER: David Wilcock does not agree with nor approve of all the content in this documentary. We have made this available as a public service to reveal how REN-TV handled this controversial and upsetting subject.] Keep in touch with David Wilcock: Sign up for Ascension Updates here: http://dwilcock.com Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DivineCosmosConvergence YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/davidwilcock333 Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/david_wilcock David's OFFICIAL Patreon site: https://www.patreon.com/dwilcock
Evil runs this Satanic earth, 1967 Mr. Fagan describes truth about the "CFR & Illuminati"
 
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This 3x LP record set from 1967 documents the activities of a secret society known as The Illuminati, and their New World Order. Mr. Fagan describes with documentary evidence how the ILLUMINATI became the instrument of the House of Rothschild to achieve a "One World Government". Mr. Fagan relentlessly uncovered plots for major historical events. Myron Fagan is considered to be the archetype for the PCT (Paranoid Conspiracy Theorist) This Recording is one of the most interesting and yet horrifying, factual stories of some of the most sensational plots in the history of the world. The findings by Mr. Fagan were split into 6 parts, between these 3 records and are presented to you here, in full. Each record has some descriptive notes on the back of each jacket such as... *Eliminate the Illuminati...see that this message is heard!!! * Play this for the unaware, uninformed and well meaning people who desire to hear the truth. Don't waste your time on the hard core socialists who have already repudiated principle. * Buy Air-time with your club or organization! Get free time! No station is too small! * Use at coffees - Luncheons - meetings - everywhere and often. We must succeed - Our children's liberty is at stake - Freedom has no substitute - America no equal! **************************************************************** DISCLAIMER: "Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal." ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ For Educational Purposes only!! I am not putting this out as to make any money off this information. I am putting this out to educate others of the atrocities of the past, because we live in a time where history is not being taught in schools, and schools are filling the heads of hundreds of thousands of young children, and young adults with revisionist history, instead of real history. If this continues we are set to have history repeat its self and all of the death that follows. Thank you for your time. This is a wake up call!!! ********************************************************************* If you like what you see, please Like & Subscribe. Keep checking back for more great content. Thank you!! We will see you soon. *********************************************************************
Views: 456 James Ryan
COLOMBIA - WikiVidi Documentary
 
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Colombia , officially the Republic of Colombia , is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America. Colombia shares a border to the northwest with Panama, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil and to the south with Ecuador and Peru. It shares its maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti and the Dominican Republic. It is a unitary, constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments. The territory of what is now Colombia was originally inhabited by indigenous peoples, with as most advanced the Muisca, Quimbaya and the Tairona. The Spanish set foot on Colombian soil for the first time in 1499 and in the first half of the 16th century initiated a period of conquest and colonization, ultimately creating the New Kingdom of Granada, with as capital Santafé de Bogotá. Independence from Spain was acquired in 1819,, but by 1830 the "Gran Colombia" Federation was dissolved. What is now Colombia and Pana... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:03:00: Etymology 00:04:11: Pre-Columbian era 00:06:56: Spanish conquest 00:09:49: Colonial period 00:13:40: Independence 00:17:27: 20th century 00:21:58: 21st century 00:24:45: Geography 00:29:02: Climate 00:30:32: Biodiversity 00:32:35: Government and politics 00:36:01: Foreign affairs 00:37:04: Military 00:38:50: Administrative divisions 00:40:18: Economy 00:45:42: Science and technology 00:48:32: Infrastructure 00:50:37: Demographics 00:53:47: Languages 00:54:56: Ethnic groups 00:59:17: Religion 01:00:48: Largest cities 01:01:24: Culture 01:02:20: Literature 01:05:09: Visual arts 01:09:05: Architecture 01:12:52: Music 01:15:31: Popular culture 01:17:46: Cuisine 01:20:07: Sports 01:22:03: Health ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colombia
Purdue Public Health Symposium
 
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Presenters address issues that fall within the Purdue Public Health Graduate Program's three concentrations: Family and Community Health; Environmental Health; and Health Statistics.
Views: 1446 Purdue University
S8 Ep3 - Full Episode: RS 2477 Roads - The County Seat
 
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This week on the County Seat it is all about RS2477 roads. We start of with a base level look at what RS2477 roads are, to help you fully understand the issues at hand. We also brought in a panel of experts on the issues surrounding the roads and hear a personal story from one person who uses these roads daily and the work he is doing to keep the roads open. If you have experiences or stories about RS2477 roads share them with us in the comments below. Watch again here: https://youtu.be/SbEZkbpsP4A Subscribe to our YouTube Channel here: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=thecountyseat To sign up to get interesting news and updates delivered to your inbox click here: http://visitor.r20.constantcontact.com/d.jsp?llr=5xgaaniab&p=oi&m=1108537776894&sit=s9dn94ngb&f=6eb166d3-69a2-4ef3-9b95-cbaf87858350 You can watch our most recent episode here: http://www.thecountyseat.tv Check out our Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/TheCountySeatTV Twitter: https://twitter.com/seattv Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/2/b/117932477921089703696/ YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/thecountyseattv The County Seat Website: http://TheCountySeatTV.com/ Also watch our other channel - At Your Leisure: https://www.youtube.com/user/Boothandcompany A Chadwick Booth & Co. Production 2469 E. 7000 S. Suite 110 Salt Lake City, Utah 84121 (801) 947-8888 Fax: (801) 947-9888 You can Contact us here: http://www.thecountyseat.tv/contactus.htmll You can watch the show on these fantastic channels: http://www.4utah.com/station/listings #TheCountySeat #TCSTV
Views: 146 The County Seat
Mining
 
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Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, or reef, which forms the mineralized package of economic interest to the miner. This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Public domain image source in video
Views: 258 encyclopediacc
Environmentalism
 
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Environmentalism is a broad philosophy, ideology and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the concerns of non-human elements. Environmentalism advocates the preservation, restoration and/or improvement of the natural environment, and may be referred to as a movement to control pollution or protect plant and animal diversity. For this reason, concepts such as a land ethic, environmental ethics, biodiversity, ecology and the biophilia hypothesis figure predominantly. At its crux, environmentalism is an attempt to balance relations between humans and the various natural systems on which they depend in such a way that all the components are accorded a proper degree of sustainability. The exact measures and outcomes of this balance is controversial and there are many different ways for environmental concerns to be expressed in practice. Environmentalism and environmental concerns are often represented by the color green, but this association has been appropriated by the marketing industries and is a key tactic of greenwashing. Environmentalism is opposed by anti-environmentalism, which takes a skeptical stance against many environmentalist perspectives. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 478 Audiopedia
Social democracy
 
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Social democracy is a political ideology that officially has as its goal the establishment of democratic socialism through reformist and gradualist methods. Alternatively, social democracy is defined as a policy regime involving a universal welfare state and collective bargaining schemes within the framework of a capitalist economy. It is often used in this manner to refer to the social models and economic policies prominent in Western and Northern Europe during the later half of the 20th century. Following the split between reformists and revolutionary socialists in the Second International, Social democrats have advocated for a peaceful and evolutionary transition of the economy to socialism through progressive social reform of capitalism. Social democracy asserts that the only acceptable constitutional form of government is representative democracy under the rule of law. It promotes extending democratic decision-making beyond political democracy to include economic democracy to guarantee employees and other economic stakeholders sufficient rights of co-determination. It supports a mixed economy that opposes the excesses of capitalism such as inequality, poverty, and oppression of various groups, while rejecting both a totally free market or a fully planned economy. Common social democratic policies include advocacy of universal social rights to attain universally accessible public services such as education, health care, workers' compensation, and other services, including child care and care for the elderly. Social democracy is connected with the trade union labour movement and supports collective bargaining rights for workers. Most social democratic parties are affiliated with the Socialist International. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 2245 Audiopedia
Benjamin Harrison
 
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Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was the 23rd President of the United States (1889–1893); he was the grandson of the ninth President, William Henry Harrison. Harrison had become a prominent local attorney, Presbyterian church leader and politician in Indianapolis, Indiana. During the American Civil War, he served the Union for most of the war as a colonel and on February 14, 1865 was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as a brevet brigadier general of volunteers to rank from January 23, 1865. Afterwards, he unsuccessfully ran for the governorship of Indiana but was later elected to the U.S. Senate by the Indiana legislature. Harrison, a Republican, was elected to the presidency in 1888, defeating the Democratic incumbent Grover Cleveland. Hallmarks of his administration included unprecedented economic legislation, including the McKinley Tariff, which imposed historic protective trade rates, and the Sherman Antitrust Act; Harrison facilitated the creation of the National Forests through an amendment to the Land Revision Act of 1891. He also substantially strengthened and modernized the Navy, and conducted an active foreign policy. He proposed, in vain, federal education funding as well as voting rights enforcement for African Americans during his administration. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1331 Audiopedia
Søren Kierkegaard | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Søren Kierkegaard Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Søren Aabye Kierkegaard ( SORR-ən KEER-kə-gard; Danish: [sɶːɐn ˈkiɐ̯ɡəɡɒːˀ] (listen); 5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher. He wrote critical texts on organized religion, Christendom, morality, ethics, psychology, and the philosophy of religion, displaying a fondness for metaphor, irony and parables. Much of his philosophical work deals with the issues of how one lives as a "single individual", giving priority to concrete human reality over abstract thinking and highlighting the importance of personal choice and commitment. He was against literary critics who defined idealist intellectuals and philosophers of his time, and thought that Swedenborg, Hegel, Fichte, Schelling, Schlegel and Hans Christian Andersen were all "understood" far too quickly by "scholars".Kierkegaard's theological work focuses on Christian ethics, the institution of the Church, the differences between purely objective proofs of Christianity, the infinite qualitative distinction between man and God, and the individual's subjective relationship to the God-Man Jesus the Christ, which came through faith. Much of his work deals with Christian love. He was extremely critical of the practice of Christianity as a state religion, primarily that of the Church of Denmark. His psychological work explored the emotions and feelings of individuals when faced with life choices.Kierkegaard's early work was written under the various pseudonyms that he used to present distinctive viewpoints and to interact with each other in complex dialogue. He explored particularly complex problems from different viewpoints, each under a different pseudonym. He wrote many Upbuilding Discourses under his own name and dedicated them to the "single individual" who might want to discover the meaning of his works. Notably, he wrote: "Science and scholarship want to teach that becoming objective is the way. Christianity teaches that the way is to become subjective, to become a subject." While scientists can learn about the world by observation, Kierkegaard emphatically denied that observation could reveal the inner workings of the world of the spirit.Some of Kierkegaard's key ideas include the concept of "subjective and objective truths", the knight of faith, the recollection and repetition dichotomy, angst, the infinite qualitative distinction, faith as a passion, and the three stages on life's way. Kierkegaard wrote in Danish and the reception of his work was initially limited to Scandinavia, but by the turn of the 20th century his writings were translated into French, German, and other major European languages. By the mid-20th century, his thought exerted a substantial influence on philosophy, theology, and Western culture.
Views: 44 wikipedia tts
Benjamin Butler (politician) | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Benjamin Butler (politician) 00:02:16 1 Early years 00:04:44 2 Law and early business dealings 00:05:44 3 Entry into politics 00:07:53 4 Civil War 00:08:46 4.1 1860 00:09:41 4.2 Petitioning for military leadership appointment 00:10:50 4.3 1861: Baltimore and Virginia operations 00:13:08 4.4 Fort Monroe, Virginia 00:17:13 4.5 New Orleans 00:18:03 4.5.1 Public health management 00:18:30 4.5.2 Civil administration difficulties 00:21:04 4.5.3 Cotton seizures 00:22:25 4.5.4 Censorship of newspapers 00:23:42 4.5.5 Execution of William Mumford 00:25:06 4.5.6 Actions against foreign consuls 00:26:06 4.5.7 Handling of escaped slaves 00:27:07 4.5.8 Recall 00:27:57 4.6 Army of the James 00:28:47 4.6.1 United States Colored Troops 00:29:34 4.6.2 Petersburg assault 00:31:05 4.7 Fort Fisher and final recall 00:33:07 4.8 Financial dealings 00:38:16 5 Postbellum career 00:38:58 5.1 Congressman 00:42:43 5.2 Business and charitable dealings 00:44:57 5.3 Governor of Massachusetts and run for President 00:48:05 6 Later years and legacy 00:49:30 7 See also 00:49:52 8 Notes 00:50:01 9 Bibliography 00:50:10 10 Further reading 00:50:19 11 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818 – January 11, 1893) was a major general of the Union Army, politician, lawyer and businessman from Massachusetts. Born in New Hampshire and raised in Lowell, Massachusetts, Butler is best known as a political major general of the Union Army during the American Civil War, and for his leadership role in the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson. He was a colorful and often controversial figure on the national stage and in the Massachusetts political scene, during his one term as Governor. Butler, a successful trial lawyer, served in the Massachusetts legislature as an antiwar Democrat and as an officer in the state militia. Early in the Civil War he joined the Union Army, where he was noted for his lack of military skill, and his controversial command of New Orleans, which brought him wide dislike in the South and the "Beast" epithet. He helped create the legal idea of effectively freeing fugitive slaves by designating them as contraband of war in service of military objectives, which led to a political groundswell in the North which included general emancipation and the end of slavery as official war goals. His commands were marred by financial and logistical dealings across enemy lines, some of which probably took place with his knowledge and to his financial benefit. Butler was dismissed from the Union Army after his failures in the First Battle of Fort Fisher, but soon won election to the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts. As a Radical Republican he opposed President Johnson's Reconstruction agenda, and was the House's lead manager in the Johnson impeachment proceedings. As Chairman of the House Committee on Reconstruction, Butler authored the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871 and coauthored the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1875. In Massachusetts, Butler was often at odds with more conservative members of the political establishment over matters of both style and substance. Feuds with Republican politicians led to his being denied several nominations for the governorship between 1858 and 1880. Returning to the Democratic fold, he won the governship in the 1882 election with Democratic and Greenback Party support. He ran for President on the Greenback ticket in 1884.
Views: 26 wikipedia tts
History of the Jews in South Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of the Jews in South Africa Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of the Jews in South Africa mainly began under the British Empire, following a general pattern of increased European settlement in the 19th century. The early patterns of Jewish South African history are almost identical to the history of the Jews in the United States but on a much smaller scale, including the period of early discovery and settlement from the late 17th century to the early 19th century. The community grew tenfold between 1880 and 1914, from 4,000 to over 40,000. Jews were instrumental in promoting the extension of diplomatic military ties between Israel and South Africa. South Africa's Jewish community differs from its counterparts in other African countries in that the majority have remained on the continent rather than emigrating to Israel (62% of the maximum 120,000 still remain). Among potential Jewish emigrants, many were likelier to select a destination popular among other South Africans, such as Australia.
Views: 76 wikipedia tts
John C. Breckinridge | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: John C. Breckinridge 00:03:50 1 Early life 00:06:39 2 Early legal career 00:09:04 3 Mexican–American War 00:11:47 4 Political career 00:11:56 4.1 Early political career 00:13:19 4.2 Kentucky House of Representatives 00:17:00 4.3 U.S. Representative 00:17:05 4.3.1 First term (1851–1853) 00:21:03 4.3.2 Second term (1853–1855) 00:24:34 4.3.3 Retirement from the House 00:26:24 4.4 Vice Presidency 00:32:55 4.5 Presidential campaign of 1860 00:39:24 4.6 U.S. Senator 00:44:15 5 Civil War 00:44:24 5.1 Service in the Western Theater 00:52:41 5.2 Service in the Eastern Theater 00:58:10 5.3 Confederate Secretary of War 01:02:31 6 Escape and exile 01:07:53 7 Return to the U.S. and death 01:12:13 8 Legacy 01:12:22 8.1 Historical reputation 01:13:18 8.2 Monuments and memorials 01:15:05 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier. He represented Kentucky in both houses of Congress and became the 14th and youngest-ever Vice President of the United States, serving from 1857 to 1861. He was a member of the Democratic party. He served in the U.S. Senate during the outbreak of the American Civil War, but was expelled after joining the Confederate Army. He was appointed Confederate Secretary of War in 1865. Breckinridge was born near Lexington, Kentucky to a prominent local family. After non-combat service during the Mexican–American War, he was elected as a Democrat to the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1849, where he took a states' rights position against interference with slavery. Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1850, he allied with Stephen A. Douglas in support of the Kansas–Nebraska Act. After reapportionment in 1854 made his re-election unlikely, he declined to run for another term. He was nominated for vice-president at the 1856 Democratic National Convention to balance a ticket headed by James Buchanan. The Democrats won the election, but Breckinridge had little influence with Buchanan and, as presiding officer of the Senate, could not express his opinions in debates. In 1859, he was elected to succeed Senator John J. Crittenden at the end of Crittenden's term in 1861. As vice president, Breckinridge joined Buchanan in supporting the pro-slavery Lecompton Constitution for Kansas, which led to a split in the Democratic Party. After Southern Democrats walked out of the 1860 Democratic National Convention, the party's northern and southern factions held rival conventions in Baltimore that nominated Douglas and Breckinridge, respectively, for president. A third party, the Constitutional Union Party, nominated John Bell. These three men split the Southern vote, while more anti-slavery Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln won all but three electoral votes in the North, allowing him to win the election. Breckinridge carried most of the Southern states. Taking his seat in the Senate, Breckinridge urged compromise to preserve the Union. Unionists were in control of the state legislature, and gained more support when Confederate forces moved into Kentucky. Breckinridge fled behind Confederate lines. He was commissioned a brigadier general and then expelled from the Senate. Following the Battle of Shiloh in 1862, he was promoted to major general, and in October he was assigned to the Army of Mississippi under Braxton Bragg. After Bragg charged that Breckinridge's drunkenness had contributed to defeats at Stone River and Missionary Ridge, and after Breckinridge joined many other high-ranking officers in criticizing Bragg, he was transferred to the Trans-Allegheny Department, where he won his most significant victory in the 1864 Battle of New Market. After participating in Jubal Early's campaigns in the Shenandoah Valley, Breckinridge was charged with defending supplies in Tennessee and Virginia. In February 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis appointed him Secretary of War. Concludi ...
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Omaha, Nebraska | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Omaha, Nebraska 00:05:23 1 History 00:07:22 1.1 Pioneer Omaha 00:09:34 1.2 19th century 00:13:22 1.3 20th century 00:20:48 1.4 21st century 00:23:36 2 Geography 00:26:46 2.1 Neighborhoods 00:28:34 2.2 Landmark preservation 00:30:06 2.3 Climate 00:31:49 3 Demographics 00:31:58 3.1 2010 census 00:34:21 3.2 2000 census 00:36:08 3.3 People 00:43:07 3.4 Latinos in Omaha 00:43:17 4 Economy 00:44:58 4.1 Top employers 00:45:12 4.2 Tourism 00:46:37 5 Culture 00:48:05 5.1 Henry Doorly Zoo 00:48:41 5.2 Old Market 00:50:16 5.3 Music 00:53:18 5.4 Popular culture 00:55:56 6 Sports and recreation 00:59:09 6.1 Recreation 01:00:32 7 Government and politics 01:03:20 7.1 Crime 01:05:37 8 Education 01:08:21 9 Media 01:09:48 10 Infrastructure 01:11:42 10.1 Transportation 01:15:55 11 Notable people 01:16:04 12 Sister cities 01:16:33 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Omaha ( OH-mə-hah) is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County. Omaha is located in the Midwestern United States on the Missouri River, about 10 miles (15 km) north of the mouth of the Platte River. Omaha is the anchor of the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area, which includes Council Bluffs, Iowa, across the Missouri River from Omaha. According to the 2010 census, Omaha's population was 408,958, having increased to 466,893 as of the 2017 estimate. This makes Omaha the nation's 40th-largest city. Including its suburbs, Omaha formed the 60th-largest metropolitan area in the United States in 2013, with an estimated population of 895,151 residing in eight counties. The Omaha-Council Bluffs-Fremont, Nebraska-IA Combined Statistical Area is 931,667, according to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2013 estimate. Nearly 1.3 million people reside within the Greater Omaha area, comprising a 50 miles (80 kilometers) radius of Downtown Omaha, the city's center. Omaha's pioneer period began in 1854, when the city was founded by speculators from neighboring Council Bluffs, Iowa. The city was founded along the Missouri River, and a crossing called Lone Tree Ferry earned the city its nickname, the "Gateway to the West". Omaha introduced this new West to the world in 1898, when it played host to the World's Fair, dubbed the Trans-Mississippi Exposition. During the 19th century, Omaha's central location in the United States spurred the city to become an important national transportation hub. Throughout the rest of the 19th century, the transportation and jobbing sectors were important in the city, along with its railroads and breweries. In the 20th century, the Omaha Stockyards, once the world's largest, and its meatpacking plants gained international prominence. Today, Omaha is the home to the headquarters of four Fortune 500 companies: mega-conglomerate Berkshire Hathaway; one of the world's largest construction companies, Kiewit Corporation; insurance and financial firm Mutual of Omaha; and the United States' largest railroad operator, Union Pacific Corporation. Berkshire Hathaway is headed by local investor Warren Buffett, one of the richest people in the world, according to a decade's worth of Forbes Magazine rankings, some of which have ranked him as high as No. 1. Omaha is also the home to five Fortune 1000 headquarters: Green Plains Renewable Energy, TD Ameritrade, Valmont Industries, Werner Enterprises, and West Corporation. Also headquartered in Omaha are First National Bank of Omaha, the largest privately held bank in the United States; three of the nation's largest 10 architecture/engineering firms: DLR Group, HDR, Inc., and Leo A Daly; the Gallup Organization, of Gallup Poll fame; and its riverfront Gallup University. Enron began in Omaha as Northern Natural Gas in 1930, before taking over a smaller Houston company in 1985 to form InterNorth, which Kenneth Lay moved permanently to Houston, in 1987. First Data, another Fortune 500 company, was founded in Omaha in 1971 and headquartered there until the late 90's. ConAgra Brand ...
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Presidents of the United States on U.S. postage stamps | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:57:26
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Presidents of the United States on U.S. postage stamps Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Presidents of the United States have frequently appeared on U.S. postage stamps since the mid–1800s. The United States Post Office released its first two postage stamps in 1847, featuring George Washington on one, and Benjamin Franklin on the other . The advent of presidents on postage stamps has been definitive to U.S. postage stamp design since the first issues were released and set the precedent that U.S. stamp designs would follow for many generations. The paper postage stamp itself was born of utility (in England, 1840), as something simple and easy to use was needed to confirm that postage had been paid for an item of mail. People could purchase several stamps at one time and no longer had to make a special trip to pay for postage each time an item was mailed. The postage stamp design was usually printed from a fine engraving and were almost impossible to forge adequately. This is where the appearance of presidents on stamps was introduced. Moreover, the subject theme of a president, along with the honors associated with it, is what began to define the stamp issues in ways that took it beyond the physical postage stamp itself and is why people began to collect them. There exist entire series of stamp issues whose printing was inspired by the subject alone. The portrayals of Washington and Franklin on U.S. postage are among the most definitive of examples and have appeared on numerous postage stamps. The presidential theme in stamp designs would continue as the decades passed, each period issuing stamps with variations of the same basic presidential-portrait design theme. The portrayals of U.S. presidents on U.S. postage has remained a significant subject and design theme on definitive postage throughout most of U.S. stamp issuance history.Engraved portrayals of U.S. presidents were the only designs found on U.S. postage from 1847 until 1869, with the one exception of Benjamin Franklin, whose historical stature was comparable to that of a president, although his appearance was also an acknowledgement of his role as the first U. S. Postmaster General. During this period, the U.S. Post Office issued various postage stamps bearing the depictions of George Washington foremost, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, and Abraham Lincoln, the last of whom first appeared in 1866, one year after his death. After twenty-two years of issuing stamps with only presidents and Franklin, the Post Office in 1869 issued a series of eleven postage stamps that were generally regarded by the American public as being abruptly different from the previous issues and whose designs were considered at the time to be a break from the tradition of honoring American forefathers on the nation's postage stamps. These new issues had other nonpresidential subjects and a design style that was also different, one issue bearing a horse, another a locomotive, while others were depicted with nonpresidential themes. Washington and Lincoln were to be found only once in this series of eleven stamps, which some considered to be below par in design and image quality. As a result, this pictographic series was met with general disdain and proved so unpopular that the issues were consequently sold for only one year where remaining stocks were pulled from post offices across the United States.In 1870 the Post Office resumed its tradition of printing postage stamps with the portraits of American Presidents and Franklin but now added several other famous Americans, including Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, Alexander Hamilton and General Winfield Scott among other notable Americans. Indeed, the balance had now shifted somewhat; of the ten stamps issued in 1870, only four offered presidential images. Moreover, presidents also appeared on less than half of the denominations in the definitive sets of 1890, 1917, 1954 and 1965, while occupying only a slight major ...
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Economy of India | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Economy of India 00:02:38 1 History 00:03:20 1.1 Ancient and medieval eras 00:03:29 1.1.1 Indus Valley Civilisation 00:04:17 1.1.2 West Coast 00:05:11 1.1.3 Silk Route 00:06:12 1.2 Mughal era (1526–1793) 00:10:39 1.3 British era (1793–1947) 00:16:52 1.4 Pre-liberalisation period (1947–1991) 00:20:00 1.5 Post-liberalisation period (since 1991) 00:24:05 2 Data 00:24:23 3 Sectors 00:25:09 4 Agriculture 00:28:55 5 Manufacturing 00:30:18 5.1 Petroleum products and Chemicals 00:31:25 5.2 Pharmaceuticals 00:32:32 5.3 Engineering 00:33:58 5.4 Gems and jewellery 00:35:54 5.5 Textile 00:37:13 5.6 Defence 00:37:44 5.7 Pulp and paper 00:38:01 6 Services 00:38:52 6.1 Aviation 00:40:09 6.1.1 Nationalisation 00:40:52 6.1.2 De-regulation 00:42:45 6.2 Banking and financial services 00:45:43 6.3 Financial technology 00:46:28 6.4 Information technology 00:48:11 6.5 Insurance 00:51:10 6.6 Electricity sector 00:54:16 6.7 Infrastructure 00:56:48 6.8 Retail 00:58:25 6.9 Tourism 01:00:19 6.10 Education 01:00:28 6.11 Entertainment industry 01:00:37 6.12 Healthcare 01:01:29 6.13 Logistics 01:02:00 6.14 Printing 01:02:08 6.15 Telecommunications 01:03:20 7 Mining and Construction 01:03:29 7.1 Mining 01:05:30 7.2 Iron and steel 01:05:59 7.3 Construction 01:06:20 8 Foreign trade and investment 01:06:30 8.1 Foreign trade 01:09:38 8.2 Balance of payments 01:12:31 8.3 Foreign direct investment 01:15:09 8.3.1 Outflows 01:15:46 8.4 Remittances 01:16:27 8.5 Mergers and Acquisitions 01:17:06 9 Currency 01:19:41 10 Income and consumption 01:23:12 10.1 Poverty 01:25:04 11 Employment 01:28:44 12 Economic trends and issues 01:29:53 12.1 Agriculture 01:31:57 12.2 Corruption 01:35:02 12.3 Education 01:35:57 12.4 Economic disparities 01:38:06 13 Security markets 01:39:38 14 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The economy of India is a developing mixed economy. It is the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). The country ranks 139th in per capita GDP (nominal) with $2,134 and 122nd in per capita GDP (PPP) with $7,783 as of 2018. After the 1991 economic liberalisation, India achieved 6-7% average GDP growth annually. Since 2014 with the exception of 2017, India's economy has been the world's fastest growing major economy, surpassing China.The long-term growth prospective of the Indian economy is positive due to its young population, corresponding low dependency ratio, healthy savings and investment rates, and increasing integration into the global economy. India topped the World Bank's growth outlook for the first time in fiscal year 2015–16, during which the economy grew 7.6%. Despite previous reforms, economic growth is still significantly slowed by bureaucracy, poor infrastructure, and inflexible labor laws (especially the inability to lay off workers in a business slowdown).India has one of the fastest growing service sectors in the world with an annual growth rate above 9% since 2001, which contributed to 57% of GDP in 2012–13. India has become a major exporter of IT services, Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) services, and software services with $154 billion revenue in FY 2017. This is the fastest-growing part of the economy. The IT industry continues to be the largest private-sector employer in India. India is the third-largest start-up hub in the world with over 3,100 technology start-ups in 2014–15. The agricultural sector is the largest employer in India's economy but contributes to a declining share of its GDP (17% in 2013–14). India ranks second worldwide in farm output. The industry (manufacturing) sector has held a steady share of its economic contribution (26% of GDP in 2013–14). The Indian automobile industry is one of the largest in the world with an annual production of 21.48 million vehicles (mostly two and three-wheelers) in 2013–14. India had $600 billion worth of retail market in 2015 and one of world's fastest growing e-commerce markets.
Views: 71 wikipedia tts
與社會對話的藝術思考:高俊宏(KAO Jun-Honn) @台新藝術獎XTEDxTaipei 2014
 
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高俊宏藝術關注議題包括歷史、諸眾、空間、生命政治、新自由主義、社群、邊緣、仕紳化、東亞等,藝術形式廣及行動、錄像、觀念、文字評論、小說等。第十二屆台新藝術獎入選作品《廢墟影像晶體計劃:十個場景》,以在地歷史縱深的視角展開,意義在於親身駐點的營居,並依據該處曾有的舊照片為摹本。在牆上進行素描或安排人物的演出,是現代台灣從殖民時期到後殖民的轉印浮顯,在攝影影像與文字的互文存證下,展現被忘卻、被扭曲的遺跡事物。 KAO Jun-Honn’s work focus on themes such as history, biopolitics, neoliberalism, community, peripheries, gentrification, and East Asia. His practice encompasses mediums such as art action, video art, conceptual art, commentary, and fiction. The selected work of The Taishin Arts Award, 〈The Ruin Image Crystal Project: 10 scenes〉, explores the depth of local history by personally being a resident at the site, and creating a facsimile through past local photos. Using photographic images and intertextuality, sketches on the wall or character performances shows forgotten and distorted ruins, which represents the changes and transfer of modern Taiwan from the colonial period to postcolonial. TEDxTaipei專訪:http://tedxtaipei.com/2014/08/interview-kao-jun-honn/ TEDxTaipei 官網:http://tedxtaipei.com/ TEDxTaipei 官方臉書:https://www.facebook.com/TEDxTaipei TEDxTaipei Google+:http://goo.gl/UAIjDL
Views: 7186 TEDxTaipei
Theodore Roosevelt | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Theodore Roosevelt Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Theodore Roosevelt Jr. ( ROH-zə-velt; October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909. He also served as the 25th Vice President of the United States from March to September 1901 and as the 33rd Governor of New York from 1899 to 1900. As a leader of the Republican Party during this time, he became a driving force for the Progressive Era in the United States in the early 20th century. His face is depicted on Mount Rushmore, alongside those of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Abraham Lincoln. In polls of historians and political scientists, Roosevelt is generally ranked as one of the five best presidents.Roosevelt was born a sickly child with debilitating asthma, but he overcame his physical health problems by embracing a strenuous lifestyle. He integrated his exuberant personality, vast range of interests, and world-famous achievements into a "cowboy" persona defined by robust masculinity. Home-schooled, he began a lifelong naturalist avocation before attending Harvard College. His book, The Naval War of 1812 (1882), established his reputation as both a learned historian and as a popular writer. Upon entering politics, he became the leader of the reform faction of Republicans in New York's state legislature. Following the near-simultaneous deaths of his wife and mother, he escaped to a cattle ranch in the Dakotas. Roosevelt served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy under President William McKinley, but resigned from that post to lead the Rough Riders during the Spanish–American War. Returning a war hero, he was elected Governor of New York in 1898. After the death of Vice President Garret Hobart, the New York state party leadership convinced McKinley to accept Roosevelt as his running mate in the 1900 election. Roosevelt campaigned vigorously, and the McKinley-Roosevelt ticket won a landslide victory based on a platform of peace, prosperity, and conservation. After taking office as Vice President in March 1901, he became President at age 42 following McKinley's assassination that September, and remains the youngest person to become President of the United States. As a leader of the Progressive movement, he championed his "Square Deal" domestic policies, promising the average citizen fairness, breaking of trusts, regulation of railroads, and pure food and drugs. Making conservation a top priority, he established many new national parks, forests, and monuments intended to preserve the nation's natural resources. In foreign policy, he focused on Central America, where he began construction of the Panama Canal. He expanded the Navy and sent the Great White Fleet on a world tour to project the United States' naval power around the globe. His successful efforts to broker the end of the Russo-Japanese War won him the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize. He avoided controversial tariff and money issues. Elected in 1904 to a full term, Roosevelt continued to promote progressive policies, many of which were passed in Congress. Roosevelt successfully groomed his close friend, William Howard Taft, and Taft won the 1908 presidential election to succeed him. Frustrated with Taft's conservatism, Roosevelt belatedly tried to win the 1912 Republican nomination. He failed, walked out and founded a third party, the Progressive, so-called "Bull Moose" Party, which called for wide-ranging progressive reforms. He ran in the 1912 election and the split allowed the Democratic nominee Woodrow Wilson to win the election. Following his defeat, Roosevelt led a two-year expedition to the Amazon basin, where he nearly died of tropical disease. During World War I, he criticized President Wilson for keeping the country out of the war with Germany, and his offer to lead volunteers to France was rejected. Though he had considered running for president again in 1920, Roosevelt's health continued to d ...
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Labour law | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Labour law Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Labour law (also known as labor law or employment law) mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government. Collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union. Individual labour law concerns employees' rights at work and through the contract for work. Employment standards are social norms (in some cases also technical standards) for the minimum socially acceptable conditions under which employees or contractors are allowed to work. Government agencies (such as the former US Employment Standards Administration) enforce labour law (legislative, regulatory, or judicial).
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History of the United States Republican Party | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of the United States Republican Party 00:03:31 1 Ideological beginnings 00:07:27 2 Organizational beginnings 00:08:22 3 Establishing a national party and opposition 00:10:57 4 Civil War and Republican dominance: 1860–1896 00:12:46 4.1 Reconstruction: freedmen, carpetbaggers and scalawags 00:17:10 4.2 Gilded Age: 1877–1890 00:19:39 4.3 Ethnocultural politics: pietistic Republicans versus liturgical Democrats 00:22:04 5 Progressive Era: 1896–1932 00:28:04 6 Progressives and liberals 00:31:33 7 Political firsts for women and minorities 00:33:38 8 Fighting the New Deal coalition: 1932–1980 00:34:53 8.1 1933–1938 00:39:00 8.2 1939–1952 00:42:48 8.3 Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon: 1952–1974 00:43:57 8.4 Citizens for Eisenhower 00:45:58 8.5 Richard Nixon and Barry Goldwater 00:50:55 8.6 Moderate Republicans of 1960–1980 00:54:34 8.7 Realignment: the South becomes Republican 00:55:59 8.7.1 1964–1972 00:58:15 8.7.1.1 Southern strategy 01:02:48 9 From Ronald Reagan to the Bush: 1980–2008 01:03:01 9.1 Reagan Revolution 01:06:37 9.2 Congressional ascendancy in 1994 01:09:52 9.3 Neoconservatives 01:11:00 9.4 Second Bush era 01:16:43 10 Challenging the Barack Obama administration: 2009–2016 01:19:39 10.1 2012–2016 01:24:10 11 2016 elections and presidency of Donald Trump 01:28:49 11.1 Demographic shifts since 2009 01:30:06 12 See also 01:30:33 13 Notes Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the world's oldest extant political parties. The party values reflect economic conservatism, classical conservatism (modern day American conservatism) and corporate liberty rights. It is the second oldest existing political party in the United States after its primary rival, the Democratic Party. The party emerged in 1854 to combat the Kansas–Nebraska Act, an act that dissolved the terms of the Missouri Compromise and allowed slave or free status to be decided in the territories by popular sovereignty. The early Republican Party had almost no presence in the Southern United States, but by 1858 it had enlisted former Whigs and former Free Soil Democrats to form majorities in nearly every Northern state. With its election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 and its success in guiding the Union to victory in the American Civil War and abolishing slavery, the party came to dominate the national political scene until 1932. The Republican Party at its beginning consisted of African-American and White Northern Protestants, businessmen, small business owners, professionals, factory workers, and farmers. It was pro-business, supporting banks, the gold standard, railroads and high tariffs to protect factory workers and grow industry faster. Under William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt, it emphasized an expansive foreign policy. The GOP lost its majorities during the Great Depression (1929–1940). Instead, the Democrats under Franklin D. Roosevelt formed a winning New Deal coalition, which was dominant from 1932 through 1964. That coalition collapsed in the mid-1960s, partly because of white Southern Democrats' disaffection with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Republicans won five of the six presidential elections from 1968 to 1988, with Ronald Reagan as the party's iconic conservative hero. From 1992 to 2016, the Republican candidate has been elected to the White House in three of the seven presidential elections. Two of these (the 2000 and 2016 elections) saw George W. Bush and Donald Trump losing the popular vote, but winning the Electoral College. A similar situation in which Republicans won the Electoral College, but lost the popular vote were the 1876 and 1888 elections. The Republican Party expanded its base throughout the South after 1968 (excepting 1976), largely due to its strength among socially conservative white evangelical Protestants and traditionalist Roman Catholics. As white Democrats in th ...
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Austria-Hungary | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austria-Hungary 00:03:43 1 Structure and name 00:09:22 1.1 Creation 00:14:26 2 Government 00:19:19 2.1 Judicial system 00:19:28 2.1.1 Empire of Austria 00:19:37 2.1.2 Kingdom of Hungary 00:21:11 2.2 Public administration and local governments 00:21:22 2.2.1 Empire of Austria 00:26:47 2.2.2 Kingdom of Hungary 00:26:56 2.2.2.1 Administrative divisions and the counties of Hungary 00:30:02 2.2.2.2 Municipal rights of the biggest cities in Hungary 00:31:59 3 Politics 00:32:51 3.1 Political struggles in the Empire 00:36:16 3.2 Ethnic relations 00:45:33 3.2.1 Jews 00:47:43 3.3 Foreign policy 00:50:09 4 Economy 00:55:33 4.1 Automotive industry 00:56:39 4.2 Aeronautic industry 00:58:10 4.3 Locomotive engine and railway vehicle manufacturers 00:59:08 4.4 Poverty 00:59:31 5 Infrastructure 00:59:41 5.1 Transport 00:59:50 5.1.1 Railways 01:00:58 5.1.1.1 Railway network of the Austrian Empire 01:04:38 5.1.1.2 Railway network in the Kingdom of Hungary 01:05:59 5.1.2 Metropolitan transit systems 01:06:08 5.1.2.1 Tramway lines in the cities 01:09:07 5.1.2.2 Electrified commuter railway lines 01:09:34 5.1.2.3 Underground 01:10:17 5.1.3 Canals and river regulations 01:10:45 5.1.3.1 Regulation of the lower Danube and the Iron Gates 01:11:48 5.1.3.2 Regulation of the Tisza River 01:13:26 5.1.4 Shipping and ports 01:16:45 5.2 Telecommunication 01:16:54 5.2.1 Telegraph 01:17:49 5.2.1.1 Austrian Empire 01:17:58 5.2.1.2 Kingdom of Hungary 01:18:28 5.2.2 Telephone 01:19:34 5.2.2.1 Austrian Empire 01:19:55 5.2.2.2 Kingdom of Hungary 01:20:21 5.2.3 Electronic broadcasting 01:20:57 6 Demographics 01:21:15 6.1 Population and area 01:21:24 6.2 Languages 01:22:47 6.3 Religion 01:23:02 6.4 Largest cities 01:23:15 6.5 Education 01:23:24 6.5.1 Austrian Empire 01:28:49 6.5.2 Kingdom of Hungary 01:35:15 7 Military 01:37:56 8 World War I 01:38:05 8.1 Preludes: Bosnia and Herzegovina 01:42:40 8.1.1 Status of Bosnia-Herzegovina 01:45:59 8.1.2 Sarajevo assassination 01:47:32 8.1.3 Escalation of violence in Bosnia 01:48:55 8.1.4 Decision for war 01:55:54 8.2 Wartime foreign policy 01:57:52 8.3 Homefront 02:00:24 8.4 Military events 02:02:15 8.4.1 Serbian front 1914–1916 02:03:55 8.4.2 Russian front 1914–1917 02:05:56 8.4.3 Italian front 1915–1918 02:10:04 8.4.4 Romanian front 1916 02:11:29 8.5 Role of Hungary 02:12:48 8.6 Analysis of defeat 02:16:36 9 Dissolution 02:22:58 9.1 Consequences 02:28:57 9.1.1 Successor states 02:30:42 9.1.2 Territorial legacy 02:34:37 10 Flags and heraldry 02:34:47 10.1 Flags 02:36:51 10.2 Coat of arms 02:37:28 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7287699169656773 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it self-dissolved at the end of World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867. Austria-Hungary consisted of two monarchies (Austria and Hungary), and one autonomous region: the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia under the Hungarian crown, which negotiated the Croatian–Hungarian Settlement (Nagodba) in 1868. It was ruled by the House of Habsburg, and constituted the last phase in the constitutional evolution of the Habsburg Monarchy. Following the 1867 reforms, the Austrian and the Hungarian states were co-equal. Foreign affairs and the military came under joint oversight, but all other governmental faculties were divided between respective states. Austria-Hungary was a multinational state and one of the Europe's major powers at the time. Austria-Hung ...
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American Civil War | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: American Civil War Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States (U.S.) from 1861 to 1865. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history. Largely as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April 1861, when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, shortly after United States President Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery. Among the 34 U.S. states in February 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the country to form the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy grew to include eleven states, all of them slaveholding. The Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by the United States government, nor was it recognized by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal to the U.S. were known as the Union. The Union and Confederacy quickly raised volunteer and conscription armies that fought mostly in the South over the course of four years. Intense combat left 620,000 to 750,000 people dead, more than the number of U.S. military deaths in all other wars combined.The Union finally won the war when General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Battle of Appomattox Court House, followed with a series of surrenders by Confederate generals throughout the southern states. Much of the South's infrastructure was destroyed, especially the transportation systems. The Confederacy collapsed, slavery was abolished, and 4 million black slaves were freed. The Reconstruction Era (1863–1877) overlapped and followed the war, with the process of restoring national unity, strengthening the national government, and granting civil rights to freed black slaves throughout the country.
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Scotland | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:36:44
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Scotland Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Scotland (Scots: Scotland, Scottish Gaelic: Alba [ˈal̪ˠapə] (listen)) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain. It shares a border with England to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the south-west. In addition to the mainland, the country has more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides. The Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain. The union also created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. In 1801, Great Britain itself entered into a political union with the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles, titles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland. The legal system within Scotland has also remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland; Scotland constitutes a distinct jurisdiction in both public and private law. The continued existence of legal, educational, religious and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England.In 1997, a Scottish Parliament was re-established, in the form of a devolved unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, having authority over many areas of domestic policy. The head of the Scottish Government is the First Minister of Scotland, who is supported by the Deputy First Minister of Scotland. Scotland is represented in the United Kingdom Parliament by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs. Scotland is also a member of the British–Irish Council, and sends five members of the Scottish Parliament to the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly.Scotland is divided into 32 subdivisions, known as local authorities, or "councils". Glasgow City is the largest subdivision in Scotland in terms of population, with Highland being the largest in terms of area. Limited self-governing power, covering matters such as education, social services and roads and transportation, is devolved from the Scottish Government to each subdivision.
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Liverpool | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:03:03
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liverpool 00:03:12 1 Origins of the name 00:04:11 2 History 00:04:20 2.1 Early history 00:06:30 2.2 19th century 00:09:18 2.3 20th century 00:15:29 2.4 21st century 00:18:37 2.5 Inventions and innovations 00:24:34 3 Government 00:25:17 3.1 Mayor and local council 00:29:22 3.2 Liverpool City Region Combined Authority 00:30:42 3.3 Parliamentary constituencies and MPs 00:31:42 4 Geography 00:31:51 4.1 Physical 00:32:00 4.1.1 Environment 00:33:09 4.1.2 Climate 00:36:18 4.2 Human 00:36:27 4.2.1 Green Liverpool 00:36:47 4.2.2 Green belt 00:38:07 5 Demography 00:38:16 5.1 Population 00:38:25 5.1.1 The city 00:40:05 5.1.2 Urban and metropolitan area 00:43:05 5.2 Ethnicity 00:46:10 5.3 Religion 00:50:40 5.4 Demonymy and identity 00:51:21 6 Economy 00:55:43 7 Landmarks and recent development projects 00:57:14 7.1 Waterfront and docks 01:00:54 7.2 Commercial district and cultural quarter 01:04:01 7.3 Other notable landmarks 01:07:28 7.4 Parks and gardens 01:08:01 8 Transport 01:08:44 8.1 National and international travel 01:08:54 8.1.1 Road links 01:10:11 8.1.2 Rail links 01:11:17 8.1.3 Port 01:11:58 8.1.4 Airport 01:12:44 8.2 Local travel 01:12:53 8.2.1 Trains 01:14:30 8.2.2 Buses 01:15:31 8.2.3 Mersey Ferry 01:16:24 8.3 Cycling 01:16:48 9 Culture 01:17:44 9.1 Music 01:21:06 9.2 Visual arts 01:23:00 9.3 Literature 01:30:52 9.4 Performing arts 01:32:22 9.5 Nightlife 01:33:50 10 Education 01:38:34 11 Sport 01:38:43 11.1 Football 01:40:58 11.2 Boxing 01:42:07 11.3 Horse racing 01:43:03 11.4 Golf 01:43:30 11.5 Greyhound Racing 01:44:12 11.6 Other sports 01:48:33 11.7 Sports stadiums 01:52:34 12 Media 01:55:31 13 Notable people 01:55:40 14 Quotes about Liverpool 02:00:28 15 International links 02:00:38 15.1 Twin cities 02:00:50 15.2 Friendship links 02:01:06 15.3 Consulates 02:01:48 16 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8146969675899826 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-F "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Liverpool () is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017. Its metropolitan area is the fifth-largest in the UK, with a population of 2.24 million in 2011. The local authority is Liverpool City Council, the most populous local government district in the metropolitan county of Merseyside and the largest in the Liverpool City Region. Liverpool is on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary, and historically lay within the ancient hundred of West Derby in the south west of the county of Lancashire. It became a borough in 1207 and a city in 1880. In 1889, it became a county borough independent of Lancashire. Its growth as a major port was paralleled by the expansion of the city throughout the Industrial Revolution. Along with handling general cargo, freight, raw materials such as coal and cotton, the city merchants were involved in the Atlantic slave trade. In the 19th century, it was a major port of departure for Irish and English emigrants to North America. Liverpool was home to both the Cunard and White Star Line, and was the port of registry of the ocean liner RMS Titanic, the RMS Lusitania, RMS Queen Mary and RMS Olympic. The popularity of the Beatles and other music groups from the Merseybeat era contributes to Liverpool's status as a tourist destination. Liverpool is also the home of two Premier League football clubs, Liverpool and Everton, matches between the two being known as the Merseyside derby. The Grand National horse race takes place annually at Aintree Racecourse on the outskirts of the city. The city celebrated its 800th anniversary in 2007. In 2008, it was nominated as the annual European Capital of Culture together with Stavanger, Norway. Several areas of the city centre were granted World Heritage Site status by UNESCO in 2004. The Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City includes the Pier Head, Albert Dock, and William Brown Street. Liverpool's status as a port city h ...
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Nativism (politics)
 
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Nativism is the political position of demanding a favored status for certain established inhabitants of a nation as compared to claims of newcomers or immigrants. Nativism typically means opposition to immigration, and support of efforts to lower the political or legal status of specific ethnic or cultural groups who are considered hostile or alien to the natural culture, upon the assumption that they cannot be assimilated. According to Fetzer, (2000) opposition to immigration is common in many countries because of issues of national, cultural, and religious identity. The phenomenon has been studied especially in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States, as well as Europe in recent years, where immigration is seen as lowering the wages of the less well paid natives. Thus nativism has become a general term for 'opposition to immigration' based on fears that the immigrants will distort or spoil existing cultural values. In situations where the nativistic movement exists inside of dominant culture it tends to be associated with xenophobic and assimilationist projects. At the other end of the spectrum, in situations where immigrants greatly outnumber the original inhabitants or where contact forces economic and cultural change, nativistic movements can allow cultural survival. Among North American Indians important nativist movements include Neolin (the "Delaware Prophet", 1762), Tenskwatawa (the Shawnee prophet, 1808), and Wovoka (the Ghost Dance movement, 1889). They held anti-white views, teaching that whites were morally inferior to the Indians and their ways must be rejected. Thus Tenskwatawa taught that the Americans were "children of the Evil Spirit." This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 560 Audiopedia
Right- and left-hand traffic
 
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The terms right-hand traffic and left-hand traffic refer to regulations requiring all bidirectional traffic, unless otherwise directed, to keep either to the right or the left side of the road, respectively. This is so fundamental to traffic flow that it is sometimes referred to as the rule of the road. This basic rule improves traffic flow and reduces the risk of head-on collisions. Today, about 65% of the world's population live in countries with right-hand traffic and 35% in countries with left-hand traffic. About 90% of the world's total road distance carries traffic on the right and 10% on the left. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1119 Audiopedia
First Sino-Japanese War | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: First Sino-Japanese War 00:01:30 1 Background 00:02:25 1.1 Korean politics 00:04:17 1.2 Opening of Korea 00:06:39 1.3 Korean reforms 00:08:57 1.4 Japanese insecurities over Korea 00:11:31 1.5 1882 crisis 00:16:14 1.6 Re-assertion of Chinese influence 00:18:14 1.7 Factional rivalry and ascendancy of the Min clan 00:21:32 1.8 Gapsin Coup 00:25:47 1.9 Nagasaki incident 00:26:26 1.10 Bean controversy 00:26:53 2 Prelude to War 00:27:02 2.1 Kim Ok-gyun affair 00:29:32 2.2 Donghak Rebellion 00:31:29 3 Status of combatants 00:31:38 3.1 Japan 00:32:06 3.1.1 Imperial Japanese Navy 00:34:26 3.1.2 Imperial Japanese Army 00:39:25 3.2 China 00:40:01 3.2.1 Imperial Chinese Army 00:43:50 3.2.2 Beiyang Fleet 00:46:56 3.3 Contemporaneous wars fought by the Qing Empire 00:47:32 4 Early stages 00:50:29 5 Events during the war 00:50:38 5.1 Opening moves 00:52:09 5.2 Sinking of the iKow-shing/i 00:54:33 5.3 Conflict in Korea 00:56:44 5.4 Defeat of the Beiyang fleet 01:00:09 5.5 Invasion of Manchuria 01:02:06 5.6 Fall of Lüshunkou 01:03:50 5.7 Fall of Weihaiwei 01:05:10 5.8 Occupation of the Pescadores Islands 01:08:30 6 End of the war 01:08:39 6.1 Treaty of Shimonoseki 01:10:20 6.2 Japanese invasion of Taiwan 01:12:25 7 Aftermath 01:19:06 8 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought by the Japanese Empire against the Qing Empire, primarily for dominance in Korea. After more than six months of unbroken successes by Japanese land and naval forces and the loss of the port of Weihaiwei, the Qing government sued for peace in February 1895. The war demonstrated the failure of the Qing Empire's attempts to modernize its military and fend off threats to its sovereignty, especially when compared with Japan's successful Meiji Restoration. For the first time, regional dominance in East Asia shifted from China to Japan; the prestige of the Qing Empire, along with the classical tradition in China, suffered a major blow. The humiliating loss of Korea as a tributary state sparked an unprecedented public outcry. Within China, the defeat was a catalyst for a series of political upheavals led by Sun Yat-sen and Kang Youwei, culminating in the 1911 Xinhai Revolution. The war is commonly known in China as the War of Jiawu (Chinese: 甲午戰爭; pinyin: Jiǎwǔ Zhànzhēng), referring to the year (1894) as named under the traditional sexagenary system of years. In Japan, it is called the Japan–Qing War (Japanese: 日清戦争, Hepburn: Nisshin sensō). In Korea, where much of the war took place, it is called the Qing–Japan War (Korean: 청일전쟁; Hanja: 淸日戰爭).
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French Third Republic | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: French Third Republic Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The French Third Republic (French: La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War, until 10 July 1940 after France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France. The early days of the Third Republic were dominated by political disruptions caused by the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71, which the Republic continued to wage after the fall of Emperor Napoleon III in 1870. Harsh reparations exacted by the Prussians after the war resulted in the loss of the French regions of Alsace (keeping the Territoire de Belfort) and Lorraine (the northeastern part, i.e. present-day department of Moselle), social upheaval, and the establishment of the Paris Commune. The early governments of the Third Republic considered re-establishing the monarchy, but confusion as to the nature of that monarchy and who should be awarded the throne caused those talks to stall. Thus, the Third Republic, which was originally intended as a provisional government, instead became the permanent government of France. The French Constitutional Laws of 1875 defined the composition of the Third Republic. It consisted of a Chamber of Deputies and a Senate to form the legislative branch of government and a president to serve as head of state. Issues over the re-establishment of the monarchy dominated the tenures of the first two presidents, Adolphe Thiers and Patrice de MacMahon, but the growing support for the republican form of government in the French population and a series of republican presidents during the 1880s quashed all plans for a monarchical restoration. The Third Republic established many French colonial possessions, including French Indochina, French Madagascar, French Polynesia, and large territories in West Africa during the Scramble for Africa, all of them acquired during the last two decades of the 19th century. The early years of the 20th century were dominated by the Democratic Republican Alliance, which was originally conceived as a centre-left political alliance, but over time became the main centre-right party. The period from the start of World War I to the late 1930s featured sharply polarized politics, between the Democratic Republican Alliance and the more Radical socialists. The government fell during the early years of World War II as the Germans occupied France and was replaced by the rival governments of Charles de Gaulle's Free France (La France libre) and Philippe Pétain's Vichy France (L'État français). Adolphe Thiers called republicanism in the 1870s "the form of government that divides France least"; however, politics under the Third Republic were sharply polarized. On the left stood Reformist France, heir to the French Revolution. On the right stood conservative France, rooted in the peasantry, the Roman Catholic Church and the army. In spite of France's sharply divided electorate and persistent attempts to overthrow it, the Third Republic endured for seventy years, which as of 2018 makes it the longest lasting system of government in France since the collapse of the Ancien Régime in 1789.
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Forty acres and a mule | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Forty acres and a mule 00:01:46 1 Background 00:04:37 2 War 00:05:16 2.1 Grand Contraband Camp 00:07:47 2.2 Sea Islands 00:10:56 2.2.1 Port Royal Experiment 00:13:34 2.2.2 Landownership in the Sea Islands 00:16:54 2.2.3 "Negroes of Savannah" 00:19:26 2.2.4 Sherman's Special Field Orders, No. 15 00:21:36 2.2.5 Significance 00:22:30 2.3 Wage labor system 00:23:54 2.4 Davis Bend 00:27:05 3 Freedmen's Bureau 00:31:30 3.1 Circular #13 00:34:30 3.2 Black Codes 00:35:09 4 Colonization and homesteading 00:35:42 4.1 Foreign colonization plans 00:38:22 4.2 Domestic colonization plans 00:39:05 4.3 Southern Homesteading Act 00:41:58 5 Outcomes 00:42:36 5.1 Hopes and expectations 00:43:59 5.2 Wage labor 00:46:04 5.3 Tidewater Virginia 00:48:34 5.4 Sea Islands 00:54:14 5.5 Davis Bend 00:55:19 5.6 Politics 00:56:08 6 Legacy 00:59:40 6.1 Symbolism 01:00:22 6.2 Reparations 01:00:51 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Forty Acres and a Mule refers to a promise made in the United States for agrarian reform to former enslaved black farmers by Union General William Tecumseh Sherman on January 16, 1865. It followed a series of conversations between Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton and Radical Republican abolitionists Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens following disruptions to the institution of slavery provoked by the American Civil War. Many freedmen believed and were told by various political figures that they had a right to own the land they had long worked as slaves, and were eager to control their own property. Freed people widely expected to legally claim 40 acres (16 ha) of land (a quarter-quarter section) and a mule after the end of the war, long after proclamations such as Sherman's Special Field Orders, No. 15 and the Freedmen's Bureau Act were explicitly reversed. Some land redistribution occurred under military jurisdiction during the war and for a brief period thereafter. However, federal and state policy during the Reconstruction era emphasized wage labor, not land ownership, for blacks. Almost all land allocated during the war was restored to its pre-war white owners. Several black communities did maintain control of their land, and some families obtained new land by homesteading. Black land ownership increased markedly in Mississippi during the 19th century, particularly. The state had much undeveloped bottomland behind riverfront areas that had been cultivated before the war. Most blacks acquired land through private transactions, with ownership peaking at 15,000,000 acres (6,100,000 ha) in 1910, before an extended financial recession caused problems that resulted in the loss of their property for many.
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Eritrea | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:30:30
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Eritrea Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Eritrea (; (listen)), , officially the State of Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands. Its toponym Eritrea is based on the Greek name for the Red Sea (Ἐρυθρὰ Θάλασσα Erythra Thalassa), which was first adopted for Italian Eritrea in 1890. Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups in its population of around 5 million. Most residents speak languages from the Afroasiatic family, either of the Ethiopian Semitic languages or Cushitic branches. Among these communities, the Tigrinyas make up about 55% of the population, with the Tigre people constituting around 30% of inhabitants. In addition, there are a number of Nilo-Saharan-speaking Nilotic ethnic minorities. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam.The Kingdom of Aksum, covering much of modern-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, was established during the first or second centuries AD. It adopted Christianity around the middle of the fourth century. In medieval times much of Eritrea fell under the Medri Bahri kingdom, with a smaller region being part of Hamasien. The creation of modern-day Eritrea is a result of the incorporation of independent, distinct kingdoms and sultanates (for example, Medri Bahri and the Sultanate of Aussa) eventually resulting in the formation of Italian Eritrea. After the defeat of the Italian colonial army in 1942, Eritrea was administered by the British Military Administration until 1952. Following the UN General Assembly decision, in 1952, Eritrea would govern itself with a local Eritrean parliament but for foreign affairs and defense it would enter into a federal status with Ethiopia for a period of 10 years. However, in 1962 the government of Ethiopia annulled the Eritrean parliament and formally annexed Eritrea. But the Eritreans that argued for complete Eritrean independence since the ouster of the Italians in 1941, anticipated what was coming and in 1960 organized the Eritrean Liberation Front in opposition. In 1991, after 30 years of continuous armed struggle for independence, the Eritrean liberation fighters entered the capital city, Asmara, in victory. Eritrea is a one-party state in which national legislative elections have never been held since independence. According to Human Rights Watch, the Eritrean government's human rights record is among the worst in the world. The Eritrean government has dismissed these allegations as politically motivated. The compulsory military service requires long, indefinite conscription periods, which some Eritreans leave the country to avoid. Because all local media is state-owned, Eritrea was also ranked as having the second-least press freedom in the global Press Freedom Index, behind only North Korea. The sovereign state of Eritrea is a member of the African Union, the United Nations, and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, and is an observer in the Arab League alongside Brazil, Venezuela, India and Turkey.
Views: 59 wikipedia tts
Alsace-Lorraine | Wikipedia audio article
 
24:37
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Alsace-Lorraine 00:00:59 1 Geography 00:01:57 1.1 Towns and cities 00:02:39 2 History 00:02:47 2.1 Background 00:04:08 2.2 From annexation to World War I 00:11:30 2.2.1 Reichstag election results 1874–1912 00:11:49 2.2.2 During World War I 00:14:28 2.3 Annexation to the French Republic 00:16:58 2.4 World War II 00:18:46 3 Demographics 00:18:55 3.1 First language (1900) 00:19:42 3.2 Religion 00:21:25 3.2.1 Religious statistics in 1910 00:22:02 3.3 Statistics (1866–2010) 00:22:13 3.4 Languages 00:24:13 4 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine (German: Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen or Elsass-Lothringen) was a territory created by the German Empire in 1871, after it annexed most of Alsace and the Moselle department of Lorraine following its victory in the Franco-Prussian War. The Alsatian part lay in the Rhine Valley on the west bank of the Rhine River and east of the Vosges Mountains. The Lorraine section was in the upper Moselle valley to the north of the Vosges. The territory encompassed 93% of Alsace and 26% of Lorraine, while the rest of these regions remained part of France. For historical reasons, specific legal dispositions are still applied in the territory in the form of a "local law". In relation to its special legal status, since its reversion to France following World War I, the territory has been referred to administratively as Alsace-Moselle.Since 2016, the historical territory is now part of the French administrative region of Grand Est.
Views: 29 wikipedia tts
British Raj | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:51:52
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: British Raj Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The British Raj (; from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947. The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India. The region under British control was commonly called British India or simply India in contemporaneous usage, and included areas directly administered by the United Kingdom, which were collectively called British India, and those ruled by indigenous rulers, but under British tutelage or paramountcy, and called the princely states. The whole was also informally called the Indian Empire. As India, it was a founding member of the League of Nations, a participating nation in the Summer Olympics in 1900, 1920, 1928, 1932, and 1936, and a founding member of the United Nations in San Francisco in 1945.This system of governance was instituted on 28 June 1858, when, after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria (who, in 1876, was proclaimed Empress of India). It lasted until 1947, when it was partitioned into two sovereign dominion states: the Dominion of India (later the Republic of India) and the Dominion of Pakistan (later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the eastern part of which, still later, became the People's Republic of Bangladesh). At the inception of the Raj in 1858, Lower Burma was already a part of British India; Upper Burma was added in 1886, and the resulting union, Burma, was administered as an autonomous province until 1937, when it became a separate British colony, gaining its own independence in 1948.
Views: 72 wikipedia tts
Environmentalism | Wikipedia audio article
 
37:34
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmentalism 00:02:00 1 Definitions 00:03:28 2 History 00:05:21 2.1 Early environmental legislation 00:09:33 2.2 First environmental movements 00:18:29 2.3 Post-war expansion 00:23:07 2.4 21st century and beyond 00:24:16 2.5 New forms of ecoactivism 00:26:33 3 Environmental movement 00:27:43 3.1 Free market environmentalism 00:28:14 3.2 Evangelical environmentalism 00:28:57 3.3 Preservation and conservation 00:29:34 4 Organizations and conferences 00:32:06 5 Environmental protests 00:32:20 6 Environmentalists 00:32:55 6.1 Assassinations 00:33:39 7 In popular culture 00:36:41 8 An alternative view Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9719679625146005 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter. While environmentalism focuses more on the environmental and nature-related aspects of green ideology and politics, ecologism combines the ideology of social ecology and environmentalism. Ecologism is more commonly used in continental European languages while ‘environmentalism’ is more commonly used in English but the words have slightly different connotations. Environmentalism advocates the preservation, restoration and/or improvement of the natural environment and critical earth system elements or processes such as the climate, and may be referred to as a movement to control pollution or protect plant and animal diversity. For this reason, concepts such as a land ethic, environmental ethics, biodiversity, ecology, and the biophilia hypothesis figure predominantly. At its crux, environmentalism is an attempt to balance relations between humans and the various natural systems on which they depend in such a way that all the components are accorded a proper degree of sustainability. The exact measures and outcomes of this balance is controversial and there are many different ways for environmental concerns to be expressed in practice. Environmentalism and environmental concerns are often represented by the color green, but this association has been appropriated by the marketing industries for the tactic known as greenwashing. Environmentalism is opposed by anti-environmentalism, which says that the Earth is less fragile than some environmentalists maintain, and portrays environmentalism as overreacting to the human contribution to climate change or opposing human advancement.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Scotland | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:36:44
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Scotland Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Scotland (Scots: Scotland, Scottish Gaelic: Alba [ˈal̪ˠapə] (listen)) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain. It shares a border with England to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the south-west. In addition to the mainland, the country has more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides. The Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain. The union also created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. In 1801, Great Britain itself entered into a political union with the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles, titles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland. The legal system within Scotland has also remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland; Scotland constitutes a distinct jurisdiction in both public and private law. The continued existence of legal, educational, religious and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England.In 1997, a Scottish Parliament was re-established, in the form of a devolved unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, having authority over many areas of domestic policy. The head of the Scottish Government is the First Minister of Scotland, who is supported by the Deputy First Minister of Scotland. Scotland is represented in the United Kingdom Parliament by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs. Scotland is also a member of the British–Irish Council, and sends five members of the Scottish Parliament to the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly.Scotland is divided into 32 subdivisions, known as local authorities, or "councils". Glasgow City is the largest subdivision in Scotland in terms of population, with Highland being the largest in terms of area. Limited self-governing power, covering matters such as education, social services and roads and transportation, is devolved from the Scottish Government to each subdivision.
Views: 18 wikipedia tts
Eritrea | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:30:30
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Eritrea Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Eritrea (; (listen)), , officially the State of Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands. Its toponym Eritrea is based on the Greek name for the Red Sea (Ἐρυθρὰ Θάλασσα Erythra Thalassa), which was first adopted for Italian Eritrea in 1890. Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups in its population of around 5 million. Most residents speak languages from the Afroasiatic family, either of the Ethiopian Semitic languages or Cushitic branches. Among these communities, the Tigrinyas make up about 55% of the population, with the Tigre people constituting around 30% of inhabitants. In addition, there are a number of Nilo-Saharan-speaking Nilotic ethnic minorities. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam.The Kingdom of Aksum, covering much of modern-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, was established during the first or second centuries AD. It adopted Christianity around the middle of the fourth century. In medieval times much of Eritrea fell under the Medri Bahri kingdom, with a smaller region being part of Hamasien. The creation of modern-day Eritrea is a result of the incorporation of independent, distinct kingdoms and sultanates (for example, Medri Bahri and the Sultanate of Aussa) eventually resulting in the formation of Italian Eritrea. After the defeat of the Italian colonial army in 1942, Eritrea was administered by the British Military Administration until 1952. Following the UN General Assembly decision, in 1952, Eritrea would govern itself with a local Eritrean parliament but for foreign affairs and defense it would enter into a federal status with Ethiopia for a period of 10 years. However, in 1962 the government of Ethiopia annulled the Eritrean parliament and formally annexed Eritrea. But the Eritreans that argued for complete Eritrean independence since the ouster of the Italians in 1941, anticipated what was coming and in 1960 organized the Eritrean Liberation Front in opposition. In 1991, after 30 years of continuous armed struggle for independence, the Eritrean liberation fighters entered the capital city, Asmara, in victory. Eritrea is a one-party state in which national legislative elections have never been held since independence. According to Human Rights Watch, the Eritrean government's human rights record is among the worst in the world. The Eritrean government has dismissed these allegations as politically motivated. The compulsory military service requires long, indefinite conscription periods, which some Eritreans leave the country to avoid. Because all local media is state-owned, Eritrea was also ranked as having the second-least press freedom in the global Press Freedom Index, behind only North Korea. The sovereign state of Eritrea is a member of the African Union, the United Nations, and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, and is an observer in the Arab League alongside Brazil, Venezuela, India and Turkey.
Views: 49 wikipedia tts
Environmentalism | Wikipedia audio article
 
39:04
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmentalism 00:02:01 1 Definitions 00:03:32 2 History 00:05:29 2.1 Early environmental legislation 00:09:53 2.2 First environmental movements 00:19:12 2.3 Post-war expansion 00:24:05 2.4 21st century and beyond 00:25:16 2.5 New forms of ecoactivism 00:27:39 3 Environmental movement 00:28:51 3.1 Free market environmentalism 00:29:22 3.2 Evangelical environmentalism 00:30:07 3.3 Preservation and conservation 00:30:45 4 Organizations and conferences 00:33:23 5 Environmental protests 00:33:37 6 Environmentalists 00:34:13 6.1 Assassinations 00:34:58 7 In popular culture 00:38:09 8 An alternative view Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.956007984114958 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter. While environmentalism focuses more on the environmental and nature-related aspects of green ideology and politics, ecologism combines the ideology of social ecology and environmentalism. Ecologism is more commonly used in continental European languages while ‘environmentalism’ is more commonly used in English but the words have slightly different connotations. Environmentalism advocates the preservation, restoration and/or improvement of the natural environment, and may be referred to as a movement to control pollution or protect plant and animal diversity. For this reason, concepts such as a land ethic, environmental ethics, biodiversity, ecology, and the biophilia hypothesis figure predominantly. At its crux, environmentalism is an attempt to balance relations between humans and the various natural systems on which they depend in such a way that all the components are accorded a proper degree of sustainability. The exact measures and outcomes of this balance is controversial and there are many different ways for environmental concerns to be expressed in practice. Environmentalism and environmental concerns are often represented by the color green, but this association has been appropriated by the marketing industries for the tactic known as greenwashing. Environmentalism is opposed by anti-environmentalism, which says that the Earth is less fragile than some environmentalists maintain, and portrays environmentalism as overreacting to the human contribution to climate change or opposing human advancement.
Views: 12 wikipedia tts